LEARN NC

K–12 teaching and learning · from the UNC School of Education

  1. Kindergarten – Grade 5
    1. Introduction
    2. Anchor Standards
    3. Reading: Literature
    4. Reading: Informational Text
    5. Reading: Foundational Skills
    6. Writing
    7. Speaking & Listening
    8. Language
    9. Standard 10: Range, Quality, & Complexity
  2. Grades 6–12 ELA
    1. Anchor Standards
    2. Reading: Literature
    3. Reading: Informational Text
    4. Writing
    5. Speaking & Listening
    6. Language
    7. Standard 10: Range, Quality, & Complexity
  3. Grades 6–12 Literacy in History/Social Studies, Science, & Technical Subjects
    1. Anchor Standards
    2. History/Social Studies
    3. Science & Technical Subjects
    4. Writing

Introduction

The following standards for K–5 offer a focus for instruction each year to help ensure that students gain adequate mastery of a range of skills and applications. Students advancing through the grades are expected to meet each year’s grade-specific standards and retain or further develop skills and understandings mastered in preceding grades.

Kindergarten

Comprehension and Collaboration

  1. K.SL.1 Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about kindergarten topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups.
    1. K.SL.1.1 Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions (e.g., listening to others and taking turns speaking about the topics and texts under discussion).
    2. K.SL.1.2 Continue a conversation through multiple exchanges.
  2. K.SL.2 Confirm understanding of a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media by asking and answering questions about key details and requesting clarification if something is not understood.
  3. K.SL.3 Ask and answer questions in order to seek help, get information, or clarify something that is not understood.

Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas

  1. K.SL.4 Describe familiar people, places, things, and events and, with prompting and support, provide additional detail.
  2. K.SL.5 Add drawings or other visual displays to descriptions as desired to provide additional detail.
  3. K.SL.6 Speak audibly and express thoughts, feelings, and ideas clearly.

Grade 1

Comprehension and Collaboration

  1. 1.SL.1 Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about grade 1 topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups.
    1. 1.SL.1.1 Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions (e.g., listening to others with care, speaking one at a time about the topics and texts under discussion).
    2. 1.SL.1.2 Build on others’ talk in conversations by responding to the comments of others through multiple exchanges.
    3. 1.SL.1.3 Ask questions to clear up any confusion about the topics and texts under discussion.
  2. 1.SL.2 Ask and answer questions about key details in a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media.
  3. 1.SL.3 Ask and answer questions about what a speaker says in order to gather additional information or clarify something that is not understood.

Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas

  1. 1.SL.4 Describe people, places, things, and events with relevant details, expressing ideas and feelings clearly.
  2. 1.SL.5 Add drawings or other visual displays to descriptions when appropriate to clarify ideas, thoughts, and feelings.
  3. 1.SL.6 Produce complete sentences when appropriate to task and situation.

Grade 2

Comprehension and Collaboration

  1. 2.SL.1 Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about grade 2 topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups.
    1. 2.SL.1.1 Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions (e.g., gaining the floor in respectful ways, listening to others with care, speaking one at a time about the topics and texts under discussion).
    2. 2.SL.1.2 Build on others’ talk in conversations by linking their comments to the remarks of others.
    3. 2.SL.1.3 Ask for clarification and further explanation as needed about the topics and texts under discussion.
  2. 2.SL.2 Recount or describe key ideas or details from a text read aloud or information presented orally or through other media.
  3. 2.SL.3 Ask and answer questions about what a speaker says in order to clarify comprehension, gather additional information, or deepen understanding of a topic or issue.

Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas

  1. 2.SL.4 Tell a story or recount an experience with appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details, speaking audibly in coherent sentences.
  2. 2.SL.5 Create audio recordings of stories or poems; add drawings or other visual displays to stories or recounts of experiences when appropriate to clarify ideas, thoughts, and feelings.
  3. 2.SL.6 Produce complete sentences when appropriate to task and situation in order to provide requested detail or clarification.

Grade 3

Comprehension and Collaboration

  1. 3.SL.1 Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 3 topics and texts, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.
    1. 3.SL.1.1 Come to discussions prepared, having read or studied required material; explicitly draw on that preparation and other information known about the topic to explore ideas under discussion.
    2. 3.SL.1.2 Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions (e.g., gaining the floor in respectful ways, listening to others with care, speaking one at a time about the topics and texts under discussion).
    3. 3.SL.1.3 Ask questions to check understanding of information presented, stay on topic, and link their comments to the remarks of others.
    4. 3.SL.1.4 Explain their own ideas and understanding in light of the discussion.
  2. 3.SL.2 Determine the main ideas and supporting details of a text read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.
  3. 3.SL.3 Ask and answer questions about information from a speaker, offering appropriate elaboration and detail.

Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas

  1. 3.SL.4 Report on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an experience with appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details, speaking clearly at an understandable pace.
  2. 3.SL.5 Create engaging audio recordings of stories or poems that demonstrate fluid reading at an understandable pace; add visual displays when appropriate to emphasize or enhance certain facts or details.
  3. 3.SL.6 Speak in complete sentences when appropriate to task and situation in order to provide requested detail or clarification.

Grade 4

Comprehension and Collaboration

  1. 4.SL.1 Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 4 topics and texts, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.
    1. 4.SL.1.1 Come to discussions prepared, having read or studied required material; explicitly draw on that preparation and other information known about the topic to explore ideas under discussion.
    2. 4.SL.1.2 Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions and carry out assigned roles.
    3. 4.SL.1.3 Pose and respond to specific questions to clarify or follow up on information, and make comments that contribute to the discussion and link to the remarks of others.
    4. 4.SL.1.4 Review the key ideas expressed and explain their own ideas and understanding in light of the discussion.
  2. 4.SL.2 Paraphrase portions of a text read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.
  3. 4.SL.3 Identify the reasons and evidence a speaker provides to support particular points.

Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas

  1. 4.SL.4 Report on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an experience in an organized manner, using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details to support main ideas or themes; speak clearly at an understandable pace.
  2. 4.SL.5 Add audio recordings and visual displays to presentations when appropriate to enhance the development of main ideas or themes.
  3. 4.SL.6 Differentiate between contexts that call for formal English (e.g., presenting ideas) and situations where informal discourse is appropriate (e.g., small-group discussion); use formal English when appropriate to task and situation.

Grade 5

Comprehension and Collaboration

  1. 5.SL.1 Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 5 topics and texts, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.
    1. 5.SL.1.1 Come to discussions prepared, having read or studied required material; explicitly draw on that preparation and other information known about the topic to explore ideas under discussion.
    2. 5.SL.1.2 Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions and carry out assigned roles.
    3. 5.SL.1.3 Pose and respond to specific questions by making comments that contribute to the discussion and elaborate on the remarks of others.
    4. 5.SL.1.4 Review the key ideas expressed and draw conclusions in light of information and knowledge gained from the discussions.
  2. 5.SL.2 Summarize a written text read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.
  3. 5.SL.3 Summarize the points a speaker makes and explain how each claim is supported by reasons and evidence.

Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas

  1. 5.SL.4 Report on a topic or text or present an opinion, sequencing ideas logically and using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details to support main ideas or themes; speak clearly at an understandable pace.
  2. 5.SL.5 Include multimedia components (e.g., graphics, sound) and visual displays in presentations when appropriate to enhance the development of main ideas or themes.
  3. 5.SL.6 Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, using formal English when appropriate to task and situation.