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The North Carolina Humanities Council’s Teachers Institute is grateful to those who have helped to make this Curriculum Enrichment Project possible:

  • The Minnesota Humanities Commission and its Vice President Matthew Brandt for inviting the North Carolina Humanities Council to participate with them in offering a series of teacher seminars and developing curriculum on American Indian studies and for working to secure funding from the Ford Foundation to further this work.
  • The Cherokee Preservation Foundation for a generous grant to help complete the Curriculum Enrichment Project.
  • The board of the North Carolina Humanities Council for its support in these endeavors for the past four years and especially board member Mr. Greg Richardson (Haliwa-Saponi), Executive Director of the North Carolina Commission of Indian Affairs, for his assistance in the planning of the 2008 Teachers Institute Seminar on North Carolina American Indians.
  • The Museum of the Cherokee Indian for hosting two teacher seminars.
  • The University of North Carolina at Pembroke for hosting one teacher seminar.
  • The Indian Education Resource Center of the Public Schools of Robeson County for hosting one teacher seminar.
  • The Museum of the Native American Resource Center at UNC Pembroke for hosting tours and sharing resources during two teacher seminars.
  • Dr. Kathryn Walbert for her leadership, oversight, and expertise in seeing this project through from its very beginnings and for providing the conceptual framework for this work as well as an extensive list of resources.

The Humanities Council is indebted to the teachers who participated in the creation of this Curriculum Enrichment Project and to the 103 North Carolina public school educators in attendance for the five American Indian Studies seminars who have taken back to their respective students and faculty the resources and knowledge they received through their participation.

With very special appreciation, the Humanities Council recognizes the following people who accepted the great responsibility of reviewing the Curriculum Enrichment Project for accuracy in portraying the history and culture of their respective tribes:

Their work has greatly enhanced the Curriculum Enrichment Project.

In addition, the Humanities Council acknowledges the lead scholars, visiting scholars, and other presenters and tribal elders who participated in the series of five seminars:

Cherokee Seminars
Lead Scholars: Dr. Barbara Duncan, Dr. Carmaleta L. Monteith
Mr. Lloyd Arneach, Mr. Walker Calhoun, Ms. Myrtle Driver, Ms. Marie
Junaluska, Mr. Driver Pheasant, Mr. Bo Taylor, Mr. Russell Townsend, Mr. Jerry Wolfe, the Warriors of AniKituhwa, the Ani-Kuwih Dancers, the North American Indian Women’s Association, the Cherokee Gospel Quartet, and Mr. Charles Frazier
Lumbee Seminars
Lead Scholars: Dr. Linda Oxendine, Ms. Rita Locklear
Ms. Barbara Braveboy-Locklear, Mr. Robbie Carter, Mr. Kenneth Clark, Dr. Brenda Dial-Deese, Ms. Cynthia Hunt, Dr. Stanley Knick, Ms. Becky Leviner, Ms. Ruth Locklear, Dr. Zoe Locklear, Mr. Willie Lowery, Dr. Malinda Maynor, Mr. and Mrs. Herman Oxendine, Mr. John Oxendine, Dr. Olivia Oxendine, Ms. Ruth Oxendine, Ms. Julia Russell, Dr. Walt Wolfram, the American Indian Mothers’ Association, and the Southern Sun Drummers
North Carolina American Indians Seminar
Lead Scholars: Dr. Anton Treuer, Dr. Christopher Arris Oakley, Dr. Kathryn Walbert
Ms. Vivette Jeffries-Logan, Ms. Peggy Kaser, Mr. Doug Patterson, Ms. Ruth Locklear Revels, Ms. Nora Dial Stanley, Ms. Marlea Whitfield

As the Director of the Teachers Institute, I share my personal thanks with all those listed above for their far-reaching vision, extraordinary creativity, and untiring efforts in bringing this process to fruition. I also thank the entire staff of the North Carolina Humanities Council for support and advice throughout this endeavor – especially Ms. Brianna Bruce, Administrative Assistant for the Teachers Institute.

All 100+ North Carolina public school educators who have participated in the seminars and in the creation of this project will receive a copy of the Curriculum Enrichment Project: North Carolina American Indian Studies ©2009. Other educators who wish to receive a copy may contact the Humanities Council directly. As they share this resource with their students and colleagues, learning about and celebrating North Carolina’s diverse communities and people, I am confident that the project will have continuing and significant impact.

With gratitude,

Lynn Wright-Kernodle, Ed.D.
Director of the Teachers Institute
January 2009

2011 update

The acknowledgments above refer to the first version of this curriculum guide, which featured educational resources related to the Lumbee and Cherokee tribes. In 2010, a second grant from the North Carolina Humanities Council enabled the American Indian Center to revise the curriculum guide to include information on the additional six state-recognized tribes — the Coharie, Haliwa-Saponi, Occaneechi Band of the Saponi Nation, Meherrin, Sappony, and the Waccamaw-Siouan.

The following grateful acknowledgments recognize the dedicated work of those who contributed to the 2011 updated curriculum guide.

Coharie Indian Tribe

The information and materials found within the Coharie Indian Tribe section of this curriculum guide were compiled by Coharie tribal members JaNella Williams, Sharon Williams, Ginger Stone, and Lesa Brewington Locklear. The information was approved for use by the Coharie Intra-Tribal Council Tribal Administrator, Mr. Gregory Jacobs. Ms. JaNella Williams is the official Coharie Tribal Enrollment Officer. Mrs. Stone works for the Central Office for Sampson County Schools and Mrs. Locklear is an educator in Sampson County Schools. Mrs. Locklear is also works closely with the Title VII Indian Education program with Mrs. Sharon Williams, who serves all K-12 Clinton City Schools, but is primarily based in Sampson Middle School.

Haliwa-Saponi Indian Tribe

The information and materials found within the Haliwa-Saponi Indian Tribe section of this curriculum guide were compiled by Haliwa-Saponi tribal members Marty Richardson and Chenoa Davis. The information was approved for use by the Haliwa-Saponi Tribal Council. Marty Richardson holds a M.A. in Anthropology and is the tribe’s Director of Planning and Development. He also spearheads weekly Tutelo language classes for tribal members. Mrs. Davis is principal of the Haliwa-Saponi Indian Tribal School.

Meherrin Indian Tribe

The information and materials found within the Meherrin Indian Tribe section of this curriculum guide were compiled by Meherrin tribal members Claire Morrow and Duvonya Chavis. The information was approved for use by the Meherrin Tribal Council. Mrs. Morrow, M.Ed. holds a NC Teaching License with endorsements in Early Childhood Education, Elementary Education, Reading K-12, and AIG. She has also formerly served on the State Advisory Council on Indian Education. Mrs. Chavis is an active tribal leader, health care professional, and business owner. She has also been a leader in fund-raising activities for the tribe and engages herself in meetings which relate to the well-being of the Meherrin people and all the American Indian communities in the state.

Occaneechi Band of the Saponi Nation

The information and materials found within the Occaneechi Band of the Saponi Nation (OBSN) section of this curriculum guide were compiled by OBSN tribal member Sharn Jeffries. The information was approved for use by the OBSN Tribal Council. Mr. Jeffries is Vice Chairman of the OBSN Executive Council and the tribe’s representative to the NC Commission of Indian Affairs. Mr. Jeffries also volunteers at the tribe’s annual School Days, educating young visitors and teachers about the tribe’s history, foodways, and lifeways at the recreated village in Mebane, NC.


The information and materials found within the Sappony section of this curriculum guide were compiled by Dante Desiderio, Sherry Epps Munford, Kara Stewart and other tribal members and approved for use by the Sappony Tribal Council. The work was compiled by Ms. Stewart, M.Ed., who is a reading specialist and literacy coach. She currently works for Wake County Public Schools, but has also taught in Person, Orange, and Durham County Schools. Ms. Stewart is a Sappony Tribal Council member.

Waccamaw-Siouan Tribe

The information and materials found within the Waccamaw-Siouan Tribe section of this curriculum guide were compiled by Waccamaw-Siouan tribal member Leslie Jones, and used by the tribe for their official website. Mrs. Jones is the official Tribal Enrollment Officer, is a parent, and has volunteered for years with the tribe’s educational and cultural programs for youth.