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Page of a plantation owner's account book.

A page from Duncan Cameron’s account books. About the photograph

Duncan Cameron Esq
In Account with Andrew Kevan & Brothers
Interest to 31st July 1842

Month Day   Mo: Ds Interest  
1841
Sept. 29 Leather, Bagging, Sugar & C per bill 6 2 $4.94 $162.79
October 6 Cash paid R.R. fot goods 9 25 .34 6.82
26 Butter & Mackerel per bill 5 5 .75 29.00
30 acceptance your draft 30 [word] favor Denvey, due 24. 30 Nov? 8 1 20.08 500
November 1 Bagging & rope per bill 5 1.42 57.35
2 Cash paid R.R. for Butter & Mackerel 8 29 04 1.20
10 di — di — di Sundries 8 21 .35 8.23
11 recg & fong 3 packages from Philadelphia 8 20 .04 1.20
13 Bagging, ropes, Glass & Putty 4 18 1.98 86.00
15 Cash Paid Reed & Parsons For 1 Wardrobe, Boxing & c 8 16 3.20 75.00
16 di — di— R R fot 3 boxes … 8 15 .14 4.08
24 di — di — di — Sundries & for 5 pds Negro blankets 8 7 4.61 112.32
26 Apples, Hats, Caps, nails, coppers, tea, & oysters 4 5 2.38 114.18
27 Cash paid freight. 2 Boxes from Philadelphia 8 4 .04 1.00
29 Expensses on 1 box clothing from N. York Fot C Manly collected by you 8 2 .08 2.00
December 7 Bagging, rope, leather & C per bill 3 24 3.15 165.63
" Cash paid for 3 pds blankets 7 24 1.60 40.62
8 di — di — A A. for oysters, nails, Hats, & C 7 23 .19 5.28
10 di — di — freight 5 boxes plants & 1 bumble bees from Philadelphia 7 21 .18 4.69
13 3 Doz Cards per bill 3 18 .30 14.34
15 Cash for plants, bees, Bagging Rope & C 7 16 .53 14.32
16 di — di & fot. from Phila on 1 box 7 15 .04 1.20
  receiving and fong 7 packages a 1/6 7 15 .07 1.75
1842
January 5 E Crowder S inst. on bonds, collected by you .….. $255.00        
" this amt ordered by you to be transfered to Cr J O Bonneham 1260.00 6 25 51.76 1515.00
7 Cash paid your draft favor Mrs. Sean W Lyme 6 24 1.70 50.00
13 di — di — R Rd fot 1 box from Mrs Lyme 6 18 .03 .70
18 di — di — Mrs Poland for 2 Bonnetts 6 13 .48 15.00
" Nails, Leather, Cutting knives, $ waggon boxes per bill 2 13 .80 66.44
20 Cash paid for 1 hard ware from Richd 50c 6 11 .03 1.00
24 Candles, Sugar & mould boards per bill 2 7 .64 57.28
26 Cash paid R Rd fot nails, leather, hrd ware & 1 Box 6 5 .31 9.66
February 3 di — di — di — mould board & C 5 28 .08 3.07
8 Plaster, Clover Seed & orchard grass seed 1 21 .57 65.21
15 Cash paid fot 1 Box from Balt. 50c , recg & fong same 50 5 16 .03 1.00
  Carried forward …     102. 91 3195.81

Comments

Andrew Kevan & Brothers

Kevan & Brothers were merchants in Petersburg, Virginia. They not only sold products and supplies to Duncan Cameron, but they also distributed products produced on his plantation.

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Mo:

This column is labeled Mo: for “month,” and the next column is Ds for “day,” so together they make a date. It isn’t clear what the date refers to, since it isn’t the same as the date in the left-hand column.

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Interest

This column is interest owed to the merchant. Duncan Cameron, like most planters, bought items on credit.

The last column would seem to be the amount of the purchase.

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& C

&C or &c stands for et cetera, “and other things” or “and so on.” Today we usually abbreviate this as etc.. (The ampersand, &, was originally designed as a combination of the letters e and t from the Latin word et, meaning and.)

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fot

F.O.T. stands for free of tax.

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Mackerel per bill

Mackerel is a type of fish.

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di

Abbreviation for “ditto,” which means same as above. Typically one “ditto” is used for each word repeated. “Ditto” is also sometimes abbreviated do.

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recg

Abbreviation for receiving.

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fong

Fong is the past tense of fang, an old word that meant to collect or to gather.

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1 bumble bees

This is probably a bee hive, or one swarm of bees, or perhaps a queen bee. It would have been unlikely for anyone to ship one single bee!

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inst.

Abbreviation for “interest earned.”

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Richd

Richmond.

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mould boards

A mould-board may refer to molds used to make candles, or to a metal plate attached to the front of a plow and used to turn over soil.

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Balt.

Baltimore

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