5 Settling the Piedmont
In the middle of the eighteenth century, a new wave of immigrants swept into North Carolina. These new settlers made homes in the Piedmont, and they came not from established settlements on the coastal plain but on the Great Wagon Road from Pennsylvania — where most had only recently arrived from Europe. The men and women who settled the Piedmont brought new cultures and religions to North Carolina, and they didn’t always see eye to eye with the leaders of the older settlements on the coast.
In this chapter we’ll meet some of the people who came to North Carolina’s Piedmont in the 1700s and explore their reasons for coming and the hardships they faced in getting here. We’ll also look at the roots of sectional conflict between the eastern and western parts of the state that would eventually explode into violent conflict.
- 5.1Expanding to the west: Settlement of the Piedmont region, 1730 to 1775
- 5.2Mapping the Great Wagon Road
- 5.3Diary of a journey of Moravians
- 5.4Summary of a report sent to Bethlehem
- 5.5From Caledonia to Carolina: The Highland Scots
- 5.6William Byrd on the people and environment of North Carolina
- 5.7Governing the Piedmont