3 World War I
The war that engulfed Europe between 1914 and 1918 was so massive, widespread, and deadly, that it became known simply as the Great War — and, when an even greater war followed a few decades later, World War I. Although the United States was only involved in the fighting for a year and a half, North Carolina sent 86,457 soldiers overseas. Three military training camps were built in the state — Camp Greene near Charlotte, Camp Bragg near Fayetteville, and Camp Polk near Raleigh. In Wilmington, shipyards built warships for the Navy, while furniture workers in High Point made airplane propellers, and artillery shells were made in Raleigh. The state’s textile mills made blankets, tents, and socks for soldiers.
In this chapter, you’ll learn the reasons for American involvement in the war, consider the experiences of soldiers, and examine the impact of the worldwide influenza pandemic that followed on the heels of the war in 1919.
- 3.1Timeline of World War I
- 3.2The United States and World War I
- 3.3Propaganda and public opinion in the First World War
- 3.4"Over there"
- 3.5The War and German Americans
- 3.6The increasing power of destruction: Military technology in World War I
- 3.7Camp Bragg
- 3.8Conditions at Camp Greene
- 3.9Diary of a doughboy
- 3.10A letter home from the American Expeditionary Force
- 3.11Ashe County deserters
- 3.12Rescue at sea
- 3.13North Carolina and the "Blue Death": The flu epidemic of 1918
- 3.14Stopping the spread of influenza
- 3.15The Treaty of Versailles
- 3.16"Nationalism and Americanism"