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-monger n.
A dealer or trader in a certain commodity.
a cappella n.
Singing without the accompaniment of instruments.
abominate v.
Dislike, detest, loathe.
accession n.
The act of coming to a political office or throne.
acoustic n.
Relating to sound.
acquiesce v.
Accept reluctantly.
adjacent n.
Next to something else.
adjoin v.
To lie next to or be in contact with.
admonish v.
To caution or warn.
adulterate v.
Make something poorer in quality by adding another ingredient.
adulteration n.
Making something poorer in quality by adding another substance.
advent n.
The arrival of a notable thing or person.
advocacy n.
Public support for a cause or policy.
advocate n.
One who supports or defends a cause.
aerial adj.
Conducted by aircraft.
aesthetic n.
Artistic style or sensibility.
affiliate n.
Belong or join an organization.
affirmative n.
Positive statement indicating agreement.
aficionado n.
An enthusiastic follower or fan.
aggregation n.
A group of distinct things.
aileron n.
Part of an airplane wing, used to help balance the plane.
alderman n.
A member of the legislative body of a city or town.
alfresco adv.
In the open air.
amiable n.
Friendly, good-natured.
ample adj.
Plentiful; abundant.
analogue n.
Something that is similar or parallel.
anarchy n.
A lawless situation; absence of a government.
ancestral n.
Of or belonging to one's ancestors (people who came before, from whom one is descended).
aniline n.
An oily, colorless liquid, present in coal tar.
antagonism adj.
Hostility; opposition.
antipathy n.
A feeling of dislike.
antiquated adj.
Old fashioned or out of date.
apparatus n.
Instruments or tools that have a certain use.
appropriation n.
Money for a specific use or purpose.
arbiter n.
A person making a judgment.
arbitration n.
The process of resolving a dispute with the help of an impartial third party.
armory n.
A place where military arms are kept.
arson n.
The deliberate act of setting fire to property.
artillery n.
Cannon and other large guns; also refers to the soldiers who use them.
Asiatic n.
From Asia.
assailant n.
An attacker
atrocious adj.
Appalling; very cruel.
attainment n.
The action of attaining a goal.
attrition n.
Gradually reducing the strength through sustained attacks.
augury n.
A sign of what will happen in the future.
autocracy n.
A system of government in which one person has the absolute power to rule, such as absolute monarchy or a dictatorship.
autocratic adj.
Ruled by a person with unlimited power.
avarice n.
Excessive greed.
aviator n.
A pilot.
badinage n.
Humorous or witty conversation.
balladeer n.
A singer or composer of ballads.
barrage n.
A concentrated outpouring.
battalion n.
A military unit made up of 500-1500 men. It is formed out of smaller units called companies.
battery n.
A structure heavily fortified with guns and men; also refers to a unit of artillery pieces and the men who fired them.
belfry n.
Bell tower.
beset v.
Attacked on all sides.
betoken n.
To be a sign of, or to indicate.
bicker n.
Argue about petty and trivial matters.
billiet n.
A soldier's lodging.
Bolshevik n.
A Russian political party that promoted Communism.
borax n.
A chemical used as a disinfectant or antiseptic; it kills bacteria.
brigade n.
A military unit, usually composed of several thousand troops.
camber n.
A slight arched shape of a horizontal surface.
cantonment n.
A military camp.
caprice n.
A sudden, unpredictable action or change of mind.
capsize n.
Overturn in water.
caricature n.
A picture that comically exaggerates the features of a person or thing.
cataclysm n.
A large-scale, violent event.
catalepsy n.
A trance or state of meditation.
catechist n.
A teacher of Christianity.
Caucasian n.
A white person; usually refers to a person who can trace their ancestry to western Europe.
cauldron n.
A large metal pot.
cesspool n.
An underground container for the temporary storage of liquid waste and sewage.
chassis n.
The frame, wheels, and machinery of a car, which support the body.
chateaux n.
A large French country house, sometimes a castle.
Chautauqua n.
Adult education courses or entertainment held in the summertime, usually outdoors.
chivalry n.
The combination of qualities expected in a knight, such as a deference to woman.
cholera n.
An infectious and sometimes deadly bacterial infection of the small intestine.
circuit rider n.
A minister or preacher who travels on a set route from small town to town, or through the country, preaching to church members.
clientele n.
A group of clients, or people who pay a person for goods or services.
commiserate v.
To express sympathy or pity.
commissary n.
A restaurant or dinning hall on a military base.
commodious adj.
Advantageous or profitable.
concession n.
Something yielded or offered as compromise.
concord n.
A state of agreement or harmony.
concur v.
To agree.
confectionery n.
Candies and other sweets.
congenial n.
Pleasant or agreeable.
conspicuous adj.
Easily seen; obvious.
constitute v.
To make up; to compose.
contiguous adj.
Sharing a common border or edge; touching.
contraband n.
Goods prohibited by law from being imported or exported.
corps n.
A group of people engaged in the same type of work or activity.
decorum n.
Good manners or behavior.
delegation n.
A group of people appointed to represent others.
deleterious adj.
Having a harmful effect.
denude n.
Stripped of its covering; making bare.
deprecate v.
To express disapproval of someone or something.
designate n.
Officially assign.
despotism n.
A dictatorship; absolute power; a country ruled by a despot.
devotional n.
Religious worship.
dexterous adj.
Showing skill in performing physical tasks.
diminutive adj.
Extremely small in size; tiny.
diphtheria n.
A highly infectious disease caused by bacteria that causes membranes in the throat to swell, constricting breathing.
discourtesy n.
Rude or discourtesy behavior.
disparage v.
To speak about in a disrespectful way.
dissent n.
Express opinions that are different from those officially expressed.
dogma n.
A doctrine or set of doctrines established by a church, usually considered to be absolutely true by believers.
doleful adj.
Expressing sorrow; mournful.
domain n.
Territory or land.
dormant adj.
Temporarily inactive.
Doughboy n.
Used during World War 1 to refers to an infantryman in the U.S. Army.
draper n.
A person who sells cloth and dry goods.
drudge n.
A person employed in distasteful or hard work.
duckboard n.
A slatted timber path laid down on wet or muddy ground in the trenches or in camps
dunghill n.
A pile of dung or refuse.
duress n.
Threats of violence used with the intent of changing a person's mind or will.
duster n.
A woman's loose, lightweight, full-length jacket, worn during the early 20th century.
dynamo n.
A machine that converts mechanical energy into electricity.
dysentery n.
Infection of the intestine which causes diarrhea.
dyspepsia n.
effervescence n.
A bubbly, usually alcoholic, drink.
embalm v.
Preserve (a corpse) from decay.
embody v.
To collect into a whole.
embryonic adj.
In a rudimentary stage, capable of further growth or development.
endeavor v.
try hard to achieve something
ensemble n.
A group of musicians or actors.
enumeration n.
A list of items, possibly numbered.
epidemic n.
An outbreak of a disease that spreads rapidly and extensively.
epoch n.
A period of time that is marked by notable events.
eradicate v.
To get rid of completely.
evade v.
To escape; to avoid.
ex parte n.
Reflecting only the interests of one party of a conflict.
exigency n.
Urgency or immediate need.
extenuating v.
To make something offensive seem less serious or forgivable.
extraneous adj.
Not essential; off the subject.
extravagance n.
Reckless spending or overspending; wastefulness.
fête n.
A celebration.
fetid n.
Unpleasant smelling.
fiend n.
A wicked person; a devil.
filial adj.
Suggestive of the relationship of children to their parents.
flapper n.
A fashionable young woman intent on enjoying herself and going against conventional standards.
fodder n.
Food for livestock.
folly n.
a foolish act or deed
foreman n.
A person in charge of a group of workers.
formidable adj.
Causing fear or alarm.
frailty n.
The condition of being weak.
franchise n.
The right to vote; the right of citizenship.
freeholder n.
Someone who owns land outright.
furtherance n.
Furthered or helped forward.
gallantly adv.
In a brave, noble manner; chivalrously
gauntlets n.
A heavy glove with long loose wrists.
genre n.
Type or style.
glycerol n.
A colorless, sweet liquid formed as a by-product of making soap.
haberdasher n.
A dealer of men's clothing.
harrowing adj.
Extremely distressing or disturbing.
hearth n.
A fireplace.
hedonistic adj.
Characteristic of a life devoted to the pursuit of pleasure.
heterogeneous n.
hopper n.
A large container used to hold bulk material, and which narrows down to an opens at the bottom.
Hosiery n.
A collective name for stockings, socks, and tights.
Hun n.
A derogatory name for Germans. Originally, the Huns were a nomadic group of warriors who ravished Europe during the 4th-5th century.
hybrid n.
Of mixed character; composed of two different parts.
ignominious adj.
Causing shame or disgrace.
imminent adj.
About to happen.
importune v.
To persistently ask someone for or to do something.
imprimatur n.
Acceptance or guarantee that something is good or sound.
in hock n.
Having been pawned; in debt.
inception n.
Beginning; conception.
indict n.
Formerly accused of a crime.
indigenous adj.
Native, or belonging naturally to a particular region.
indigent adj.
Poor or needy.
indulgent adj.
showing a tendency to be generous or overly kind
infirm adj.
Feeble; physically weak or unhealthy.
influenza n.
The flu; a highly contagious viral disease characterized by fever, coughing, aching.
innate n.
Natural, basic.
inscrutable adj.
Impossible to understand.
insistent adj.
Insisting or demanding something.
intelligible n.
Able to be understood.
interment n.
The burial of a corpse.
intimate v.
To imply or hint.
isolationism n.
A policy of national isolation and neutrality, of withdrawing from the world and not intervening in the affairs of other nations.
jubilation n.
A feeling of great happiness or triumph.
judicious adj.
Using good judgment or good sense.
jurisprudence n.
A system of law.
Kaiser n.
The King of Germany.
keel n.
A lengthwise timber along the base of a boat designed to increase stability.
lament v.
To vocally mourn or express sorrow.
larboard n.
The side of a ship which is to the left hand of a person looking from the stern towards the bows. Opposed to "starboard."
lateral adj.
Refers to the sides of an object.
latrine n.
Toilets, especially outdoor toilets such as outhouses or privies.
lax adj.
Loose or slack.
lenient adj.
Merciful or tolerant.
levy n.
(n.) An amount owed, as in taxes. (v.) to impose.
liable adj.
Legally obligated.
limpid adj.
Completely clear.
loge n.
The front section of the lowest balcony in a theater, separated from the back section by an aisle or railing.
longitudinal adj.
Relating to the length of an object; lengthwise.
Malay n.
A person from Malaysia or Indonesia.
malice n.
A desire to hurt others or see them suffer.
manacle n.
A metal band or chain fastened to a person's ankle or wrist.
mandolin n.
A musical instrument.
mania n.
Excessive enthusiasm or desire.
manifold adj.
Many and various.
Mar n.
Spoil or ruin.
Mare n.
A female horse.
marmalade n.
A preserve or jam made from citrus, usually oranges.
melee n.
A confused fight.
menace v.
To threaten or present a danger to.
menial adj.
Work preformed by a servant.
mien n.
A person's look or manner.
migrate v.
To move from one country or part of a country to another.
militancy n.
Aggressive behaviour in support of a social or political cause.
militia n.
An army composed of citizen soldiers rather than professional soldiers.
misdemeanor n.
A crime that is less serious that a felony offense.
mortality n.
Death rate.
municipality n.
A city, town, or other unit with its own local government.
munitions n.
Military weapons and supplies.
nefarious adj.
Nietzsche n.
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844–1900) was a German philosopher who challenged the foundations of Christianity and traditional morality.
No Man’s Land n.
The land between two opposing, entrenched, armies. In World War I, it was marked by barbed wire and craters made from shells or bombs.
normalcy n.
The state of being normal. Warren Harding, in his 1920 campaign for president, pledged a "return to normalcy" after World War I.
nostrum n.
A medicine with unproven effectiveness, usually advertised using false or exaggerated claims.
novice n.
A beginner.
noxious adj.
Harmful to health.
offal n.
The entrails and internal organs of an animal.
Open Door policy n.
An agreement between the United States and powers in Europe that all western countries could trade with China and that no country would attempt to invade, control, or dominate trade with that nation.
orgy n.
A wild party.
pall n.
A situation with an air of gloom or fear.
patriarchal adj.
Characterized by having males in positions of power.
patrician n.
Aristocrat or nobleman.
patronage n.
The act of providing support.
paucity n.
The presence of something in small amounts; scarcity.
pawn n.
A person used by others for their own purposes.
perceptible adj.
Slight movement or change of state.
plaintive adj.
Sad; mournful.
Platoon n.
A group of soldiers; part of a company of troops.
plutocracy n.
A system of government where a small elite group of wealthy people rule.
pneumatic adj.
Operated by air or gas under pressure.
pneumonia n.
Inflammation of the lungs caused by viral or bacterial infection.
portent n.
A sign or warning.
precipitous adj.
Extremely steep.
prestige n.
Widespread respect and admiration.
privation n.
The absence of the typical comforts of life.
prohibition n.
A law that forbids; in the early 20th century, prohibition referred specifically to laws that outlawed the sale of alcohol.
promulgate v.
To officially announce or make widely known.
propulsion n.
The action of driving or pushing forward.
prosaic n.
Common place; unromantic.
proselyte n.
A person who has converted from one religion, opinion, or party to another.
protrude v.
Extending beyond or above a surface.
prudence n.
Caution; forethought.
ptomaine n.
A substance made from animal and vegetable matter, with a foul smell and taste, once thought to cause food poisoning.
public domain n.
Available to, or belonging to, the citizenry or public.
putrid adj.
Decaying or rotting.
quarantine n.
A period of enforced isolation imposed to prevent the spread of a contagious disease.
quarter v.
To provide with housing.
quartet n.
A group of four people playing musical instruments or singing together.
quintet n.
A group of five people singing or playing musical instruments.
ratification n.
Formal approval.
ratify v.
To approve or confirm.
ration n.
A fixed portion of food or other provisions.
ravine n.
A narrow, steep valley.
recuperative n.
The ability to restore to health.
regimental v.
Organized according to a system.
remit v.
Cancel or refrain.
reparations n.
Compensation in money, material, etc. required from a defeated nation as amends for damage during a war.
repartee n.
Quick, clever replies.
repertoire n.
The range of pieces that a musician can perform.
replete adj.
Filled or well-supplied.
reticent adj.
Reserved; quiet.
revenue n.
Income; The money a government earns from taxes and other means.
reversion n.
Return to a previous state.
revival n.
Religious meeting held by evangelical Christians, where people come to listen to sermons, be healed, or converted. Revivals are usually held out doors and last for several days.
rhetoric n.
Discourse or debate.
rivet v.
To hold something and make it incapable of movement.
robber baron n.
an American business man who acquired enormous wealth by ruthless means.
rube n.
Country bumpkin; hick.
salicylic acid n.
A bitter substance found in plants.
salient n.
A military holding that projects into the position of the enemy.
salvation n.
Deliverance from the power of sin; redemption.
sanguinary adj.
scarlet fever n.
A bacterial disease that causes fevers and scarlet colored rashes.
scheme n.
A well-organized plan.
scintillant v.
Flashes of light or a sparkle.
secular n.
Not having to do with religion or spiritual beliefs.
sentinel n.
A soldier whose job it is to stand guard and keep watch.
shoal n.
A place where the water is shallow, or a sand bank or bar in the water.
shrapnel n.
Fragments of a bomb or shell.
shrew n.
A bad-tempered and aggressive woman.
sifle v.
Restrain or stop.
smallpox n.
A severe contagious disease spread by a virus, characterized by fever and skin eruptions usually leaving permanent scars.
sow n.
A female pig.
specter n.
Something that is feared as a dangerous, or unwanted, occurrence.
sporadic adj.
stall n.
In aviation, a condition in which the speed of the aircraft is too slow, making it difficult to control the plane.
stalwart n.
An uncompromising person.
starboard n.
The right-hand side of a ship, as distinguished from the larboard or port side.
Stealth n.
Cautions and secretive.
strenuous adj.
Requiring great exertion.
subjoin n.
Added to the end of a speech or text.
subjugate v.
To conquer by force; to enslave.
sublimate n.
Divert or modify ones own desires for a higher purpose.
substantiate v.
confirm or verify by having proof or evidence
succor n.
Help or assistance. Formerly also meant shelter or protection.
suffrage n.
The right to vote.
supposition n.
swain n.
1. A country youth. 2. A young lover or suitor.
synonymous adj.
Having the same meaning.
tabled v.
Set aside for future discussion or consideration, often indefinitely.
tacit adj.
Understood or implied without being stated.
talon n.
The claw of a bird of prey, such as an eagle.
tariff n.
A duty or tax charged on goods.
tenebrae n.
tenure n.
Guaranteed permanent employment after a period of probation.
thew n.
Muscular strength.
Tin Pan Alley n.
The New York music business of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century; also used to refer to the part of the city where recording studies were located.
torrent n.
A fast moving stream of water.
tranquility n.
The state of being peaceful.
transient adj.
Temporary; fleeting.
transitory adj.
Not permanent.
travail v.
A painful effort.
traverse n.
A route across or over something.
treacherous n.
Guilty of using betrayal or deception.
trenchant adj.
Sharp; biting.
trivial adj.
Of little to no importance.
trustee n.
A person given control or power to administer property, or to make decisions for an institution, such as a school.
tuberculosis n.
A contagious disease that affects the lungs.
tusk n.
An elongated, sharp tooth.
typhoid fever n.
A highly infectious bacterial disease usually transmitted by contaminated food and drink. Typhoid fever is characterized by fever, headache, coughing, and intestinal inflammation.
ultimatum n.
A final statement of terms or conditions issued from one party to another.
unacclimated n.
Unaccustomed or not use to something
unalloyed adj.
Complete and unreserved.
vaudeville n.
A type of entertainment popular in the United States during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. It featured a variety of actors who performed song and dance numbers.
velocity n.
Rapidity or speed of motion; swiftness.
venality n.
The quality of being open to corruption or bribery.
venerable adj.
Respected; admired.
veritable adj.
Genuine or real.
vestige n.
A trace of something that has disappeared or no longer exists.
vicinity n.
The surrounding or nearby area
vicissitude n.
A change in circumstances or fortune, usually unwelcome.
vituperation n.
Violent, scolding speech.
voile n.
A thin plain weave fabric made from wool, cotton, or silk.