LEARN NC was a program of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Education from 1997 – 2013. It provided lesson plans, professional development, and innovative web resources to support teachers, build community, and improve K-12 education in North Carolina. Learn NC is no longer supported by the School of Education – this is a historical archive of their website.

accentuate v.
To emphasize.
accretion n.
The slow accumulation of water-borne sediment as it is deposited on land.
acquisition n.
The action of obtaining something.
advocacy n.
Public support for a cause or policy.
agronomist n.
One who studies the management of rural land.
apartheid n.
In South Africa, the segregation of people of European descent from those of non-European descent.
arroyo n.
A dry creek bed that temporarily fills with water after heavy rains.
asylum n.
A refuge; a safe haven.
balk v.
To object.
bureaucracy n.
A system of officials.
coalition n.
An alliance for a specific combined action.
commodity n.
A good to be traded or sold.
concomitant adj.
consecration n.
The formal dedication of a religious building or property.
consolidation n.
When multiple companies merge together.
coup d’etat n.
A sudden, violent overthrow of government.
degradation n.
Dreadful living conditions.
demeanor n.
Manner or way of behaving.
demographics n.
Statistics describing the characteristics of a population.
detriment n.
A cause of harm.
detrimental adj.
diversifying n.
The production of a variety of products.
draconian adj.
Very harsh or severe.
dynamic equilibrium n.
A condition in which all acting influences are canceled by others, resulting in a stable, balanced, or unchanging system; a stable balance.
eclectic adj.
Selecting from diverse sources.
effluent n.
Something that flows out or forth, especially a stream flowing out of a body of water, an outflow from a sewer or sewage system, or a discharge of liquid waste as from a factory or nuclear plant.
encroach v.
Intrude or trespass on something.
entrepreneur n.
Someone who owns and manages a business, taking a risk of profit or loss.
entrepreneurial adj.
Related to owning a business.
erosion n.
The process by which sediment on land is worn away by the action of water, glaciers, winds, waves, etc.
esprit de corps n.
The concern the members of a group have for the interests of the group as a whole and for all other members of the group.
euphoria n.
A state of cheerfulness, especially based on overconfidence or excessive optimism.
extradition n.
The giving up of a prisoner from one authority to another.
feasibility n.
Capability of being done.
fiscally adv.
In a manner pertaining to financial matters.
galvanize v.
To stimulate or startle into activity.
gastroenterologist n.
A physician who deals with the study of medicine involving the stomach and intestines.
guerilla n.
Member of a small, independent force fighting irregular warfare, usually against a larger, regular army.
hydrologist n.
Someone who studies the science of water.
impede n.
To stand in the way of.
impetus n.
The driving force.
impropriety n.
Bad behavior; lack of modesty.
indigenous adj.
Native, or belonging naturally to a particular region.
infrastructure n.
The basic facilities, services, and installations needed for the functioning of a community or society, such as transportation and communications systems, water and power lines, and public institutions including schools, post offices, and prisons.
injunction n.
A court order that prevents an action from being taken or requires an action to be taken.
innovation n.
The changing of what is established through the introduction of new elements.
insolvency n.
Inability to pay debts or discharge liabilities.
insurgency n.
Uprising or rebellion.
intransigent adj.
inundate v.
To overflow with water; to flood.
jurisdiction n.
Authority or control.
long-marginalized adj.
Forced to the margin of a dominant social group for a long time.
lymphoma n.
A tumor which resembles lymphoid tissue, part of the lymphatic system which affects the immune system.
moot adj.
Having no practical significance or relevance.
moratorium n.
A temporary suspension of an activity.
mujahedeen n.
An organization of fighters who seek to defend or proagate Islam.
niche n.
A specialized market for a product or service.
nuclear proliferation n.
The increase of the possession of nuclear weapons.
offshoring n.
The practice of moving a business operation abroad.
onerous adj.
Burdensome; difficult.
ostentatiously adv.
In a showy manner or a manner designed to attract attention.
oust v.
To expel or remove from a position.
paramilitary force n.
A force with a function and organization similar to those of a professional military force but which do not have a professional or legitimate status.
PCB n.
Polychlorinated biphenyls, a type of plastic once used in manufacturing. PCBs were found to be carcinogenic and to persist in the environment, and their production was banned in the U.S. in 1979.
perjury n.
Swearing to a statement which one knows to be false, especially in a court of law when under oath.
populist n.
A person who wishes to represent the interests of ordinary people.
precept n.
A set of rules governing moral behavior.
precipitous adj.
Extremely steep.
recalcitrant adj.
Uncooperative; unwilling to accept authority.
recourse n.
An act of resorting or turning to a person or thing for help.
repatriate v.
To restore a person to his or her native country.
rescind v.
To take back or cancel.
revetment n.
A barricade of earth or sand set up to provide protection from explosions and blasts.
sanction v.
(v.) To authorize or allow. (n.) Approval.
sanction n.
An economic or military action taken by a nation or alliance of nations against another nation as an act of coercion
sanguine adj.
Hopeful; optimistic.
sectarian n.
A member of a specified sect.
semi-autonomous adj.
Partially independent.
semiconductor n.
A material whose capacity to conduct electricity is intermediate between that of a good conductor and an insulator.
squall line n.
A line of severe thunderstorms that forms along or ahead of a cold front.
stoicism n.
Repression of feeling; fortitude.
stringent adj.
Rigorous; strict.
stymied adj.
Impeded, obstructed, frustrated, or thwarted.
supercell n.
A thunderstorm that develops a large-scale rotation fueled by continuous updraft.
supersede v.
To take the place or position of.
technocrat n.
Someone who advocates government or control by a group of elite technical experts.
totalitarianism n.
A system of government which demands the subservience of the individual to the State.
trajectory n.
A path, progression, or line of development.
transitory adj.
Not permanent.
transnational adj.
Extending beyond national boundaries.
tsunami n.
A great wave caused by an earthquake or eruption under water.
vertical integration n.
Control of all aspects of a product's manufacture from raw materials to distribution.
virulence n.
The quality of being extremely poisonous or venomous.