5 The war in the south
Nothing but blood and slaughter have prevailed among the Whigs and Tories, and their inveteracy against each other, must if it continues depopulate this Country. – Major General Nathanael Greene, March 30, 1781
Many residents of the southern backcountry did not support independence and remained loyal to the king. Some Loyalists were former Regulators who still distrusted eastern elites; others were ethnic or religious minorities who didn’t trust the colonial majority to treat them fairly.
In 1780, the British army turned its attention to the South. This “Southern Campaign” was fought not only between the British and Continental armies but between Patriot and Loyalist militias and between neighbors. In this chapter you’ll learn how these battles, large and small, were fought. You’ll learn about the experiences of some of the men and women who lived through this time, and about how some of them fought for civility in the midst of a bloody “civil war.”
- 5.1Timeline of the Revolution, 1780–1783
- 5.2The Southern Campaign
- 5.3The Battle of Kings Mountain
- 5.4The Overmountain Men and the Battle of Kings Mountain
- 5.5Muskets and rifles: The soldier's experience
- 5.6Chaos in Salem
- 5.7Remembering Patriot women: Mary Slocumb
- 5.8"George, hide thy face and mourn"
- 5.9The Battle of Guilford Courthouse
- 5.10David Fanning and the Tory War of 1781
- 5.11A petition to protect families of Loyalists