North Carolina History Digital Textbook Project

Two worlds: Educator's guide

By Pauline S. Johnson


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As students read the article Peoples of the Coastal Plain, this graphic organizer will help them develop an understanding of the cultures that existed in North Carolina’s Coastal Plain hundreds of years ago.

Coastal Plain cultures

  Colington Cashie
Time period    
Culture (including burial practices    

Coastal Plain cultures (teacher guide)

  Colington Cashie
Time period
  • 800 CE to 1650 CE
  • 800 CE to 1750 CE
  • Chief’s village was fairly large — other villages in the chiefdom nearby
  • Capital villages, common villages, seasonal villages
  • Some were stockaded and some weren’t
  • Villages — some stockaded, some not
  • Villages, farmsteads, hunting camps
  • Agriculture
  • Hunting and fishing:
    • Shellfish, turtles, alligators
  • Gathering:
    • Nuts and berries
  • Agriculture:
    • Corn and beans
  • Hunting and gathering:
    • Hickory nuts, deer, bear, raccoon, possum, rabbit, fish, turtle and terrapin, mussel, and turkey
  • Pottery made with crushed shells and decorated with fabric impressions
  • Arrow points, blades, tools for woodworking, and milling stones
  • Bone and shell made into hoes, picks, ladles, fish hooks, sewing awls, and punches
  • Same tools as Colington
Culture (including burial practices
  • Algonkian language speakers
  • Pipes for smoking
  • Bone, shell, pearl, copper jewelry
  • Panther mask for ceremonies
  • Chiefs — ruled democratically, controlled larger areas than one village
  • Priests — formal religion
  • Burial in ossuaries — common burials
  • Mortuary temples
  • A few burial offerings in some burials
  • Iroquoian language speakers
  • Same jewelry as Colington
  • Ossuaries were for families
  • Each tribe controlled its own politics, there were no chiefdoms

North Carolina curriculum alignment

Social Studies (2003)

Grade 8

  • Goal 1: The learner will analyze important geographic, political, economic, and social aspects of life in the region prior to the Revolutionary Period.
    • Objective 1.02: Identify and describe American Indians who inhabited the regions that became Carolina and assess their impact on the colony.

  • North Carolina Essential Standards
    • Social Studies (2010)
      • Grade 8

        • 8.C.1 Understand how different cultures influenced North Carolina and the United States. 8.C.1.1 Explain how exploration and colonization influenced Africa, Europe and the Americas (e.g. Columbian exchange, slavery and the decline of the American Indian populations)....