2 Relief, recovery, and reform
President Franklin Roosevelt’s “New Deal” created a variety of new federal programs that aimed to put Americans back to work and to regulate the economy to prevent another Depression. State governments, too, worked to help citizens cope with the effects of the Depression. Governments also took the opportunity to introduce other kinds of reforms — regulating industry to protect workers’ health and safety, for example.
In this chapter you’ll read about some of the programs enacted by the State of North Carolina and by the federal government during the 1930s. These programs were meant to create jobs and improve people’s lives, and many did — but others, intentionally or unintentionally, hurt some of the people who needed the most help.
- 2.1Ending child labor in North Carolina
- 2.2Child labor laws in North Carolina
- 2.3Workplace safety
- 2.4The Fair Labor Standards Act
- 2.5Tobacco bag stringing: Life and labor in the Depression
- 2.6Rural electrification
- 2.7The Live at Home Program
- 2.84-H and Home Demonstration during the Great Depression
- 2.9Eugenics in North Carolina
- 2.10Records of eugenical sterilization in North Carolina
- 2.11The Blue Ridge Parkway
- 2.12Roads taken and not taken: Images and the story of the Blue Ridge Parkway “missing link”
- 2.13The Great Smoky Mountains National Park