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abscess n.
A swollen area resulting from a collection of pus around an infection.
affidavit n.
A written statement used as evidence in court.
aggrandizement n.
An increase in power, wealth, or status.
amity n.
Friendship or a friendly relationship.
amphibious adj.
(military) Using forces landed from the sea.
anemic adj.
Suffering from anemia, a deficiency of red blood cells that results in pale appearance and weakness.
annihilation n.
Total destruction; extinction.
artillery n.
Cannon and other large guns; also refers to the soldiers who use them.
aviator n.
A pilot.
battery n.
A structure heavily fortified with guns and men; also refers to a unit of artillery pieces and the men who fired them.
battle star n.
Award given to a soldier, sailor, or ship and its crew for meritorious service in a battle of theater of war.
beachhead n.
Military term for the line created when troops land on a beach and begin to defend it from land-based forces.
beeves n.
Oxen or cattle (archaic plural of "beef").
belligerent adj.
Hostile, or aggressive; the instigator of a war.
bellwether n.
An indicator or predictor of something.
bicarbonate n.
A type of salt.
binge n.
A short period of time dedicated to indulging in an activity, especially drinking alcohol.
bivouac n.
A temporary military shelter.
blue chip n.
A blue chip stock is the stock of an established, stable company.
boll n.
The round seed capsule of plants such as cotton.
breeches buoy n.
A tool for water rescue, essentially a personal floatation device (life preserver) with a leg harness that is attached to a rope.
bunker n.
In war, a reinforced underground shelter.
cartel n.
An association of manufacturers created for the purpose of restricting competition and keeping prices artificially high.
Castration n.
The removal of the testicles as a form of sterilization. It reduces the production of testosterone in the body, and results in a lack of sex drive and an inability to have an erection.
cession n.
Something that is ceded or given up.
chitterlings n.
The small intestines of a pig, cooked for food.
clapboards n.
Narrow boards, usually thicker at one edge than the other, typically used for weatherboarding outside walls.
commodity n.
A good to be traded or sold.
complacent n.
Feeling satisfied or showing smugness.
compulsory adj.
Required.
conglomerate n.
In business, a large corporation formed from the merger of several smaller companies.
Court of St. James n.
The court and official residence of the king or queen of Britain. If someone is sent to the Court of St. James, it is typically as an ambassador to Great Britain.
courting v.
Dating, usually with the intention of marriage.
cuspidor n.
A spittoon, a container into which people could spit tobacco juices.
dilapidated adj.
Decayed or fallen into ruin, especially because of neglect or misuse.
dispensary n.
A room where medicines are dispersed or given out; a medical clinic.
dropsy n.
Old-fashioned term for edema, an excess of fluid in the body's cavities or tissues.
embargo n.
An order from the government that restricts trade with another nation or the movement of trading ships.
Epilepsy n.
A neurological disorder characterized by seizures.
equanimity n.
Calmness and composure, particularly in a difficult situation.
eugenics n.
The science of modifying a human population by controlled breeding to increase the occurrence of desirable characteristics.
evince v.
To show, make clear, prove
expansionist n.
Believing in or promoting expansion (usually of a nation).
expectorate v.
To spit or cough out.
formulate v.
To put into words.
gibe n.
An insulting remark.
hegemony n.
Dominance by one group over others.
hoary adj.
White with age.
home economics n.
Cooking and other types of household management, such as book keeping and budgeting.
hullabaloo n.
Commotion or fuss.
imminent adj.
About to happen.
incendiary n.
A bomb or device which is designed to start a fire.
incognito adj.
Having one's true identity concealed.
infamy n.
Bad reputation for outrageous or criminal acts.
infrastructure n.
The basic facilities, services, and installations needed for the functioning of a community or society, such as transportation and communications systems, water and power lines, and public institutions including schools, post offices, and prisons.
itinerant adj.
Traveling from one place to another.
lamentable adj.
Unfortunate, regrettable.
lien n.
A legal claim on another person's property as payment for a debt that is owed.
lucrative adj.
Extremely profitable.
Luftwaffe n.
The German Air force.
mangy adj.
In poor condition; shabby.
melee n.
A confused fight.
mercantile adj.
Relating to trade or commerce.
misdemeanor n.
A crime that is less serious that a felony offense.
money stock n.
The total amount of money available in the economy.
Overiectomy n.
The surgical removal of the ovaries as a means of sterilization. The procedure disrupts the production of hormones in the body and ends menstruation.
oversight n.
The act of overseeing or managing something.
panacea n.
A cure believed to work for all diseases; a solution for all problems.
paradigm n.
A pattern or model; a way of thinking about a subject.
periodical n.
A magazine or newspaper published at regular intervals.
perusal n.
The act of reading or examining something.
plume n.
A mass of material, typically a pollutant, spreading from a source.
pneumonia n.
Inflammation of the lungs caused by viral or bacterial infection.
pone n.
A type of bread made from ground corn and water.
premeditated adj.
Thought out or planned in advance.
presage v.
Warn or predict (that something, usually bad, will happen).
promulgate v.
To officially announce or make widely known.
propagate v.
To grow as produce or offspring.
protracted adj.
Long, drawn-out.
psychosis n.
A severe mental disorder in which thought and emotions are so impaired that the patient is totally disconnected from reality.
raucous adj.
Loud, unruly, disruptive.
recalcitrant adj.
Uncooperative; unwilling to accept authority.
reparation n.
Money paid as a way of making amends for wrongdoing.
revetment n.
A barricade of earth or sand set up to provide protection from explosions and blasts.
rheumatism n.
A disease characterized by inflammation in the joints, muscles, or tissue.
Salpingectomy n.
The surgical removal of the fallopian tubes as a means of sterilization. The procedure does not interfere with the production of estrogen and progesterone or menstruation.
sanitarium n.
An institution established for the purpose of treating people with a conic illness.
sanitarium n.
An institution established for the purpose of treating people with a conic illness.
solicitation n.
A request.
solvent adj.
Able to pay one's debts.
sporadic adj.
Irregular.
sterilization n.
Deprive a person or animal of the ability to reproduce.
syphilis n.
A chronic bacterial disease that is primarily contracted through sexual intercourse, although it can also be passed from the mother to the fetus.
tenant farmer n.
A farmer who works land owned by another and pays rent to the owner in cash or produce.
tentative adj.
Done as an experiment, trial, or attempt.
totalitarian adj.
Describing a regime or government with total authority over people's lives, in which individuals are completely subject to the state.
Tourniquet n.
A device for stopping bleeding from an artery, typically a cord or tight bandage.
transient adj.
Temporary; fleeting.
tuberculosis n.
A contagious disease that affects the lungs.
Vasectomy n.
The surgical cutting of part of each vas deferens, the tubes which carry sperm from the testicles to the urethra. It results in sterilization, but leaves the genitals in tact.
very pistol n.
A type of handheld flare gun.