John James Audubon’s 1833 painting of the Carolina parakeet. The Carolina parakeet (Conuropsis carolinensis), now extinct, was the only native species of parrot in the United States. The last known wild Carolina parakeet was killed in Florida in 1904.
John James Audubon (1785-1851) was an ornithologist and painter who traveled through the United States in the 1800s, identifying and painting the country’s birds. He published his work in a volume of 435 life-size prints, entitled Birds of America. The book was an instant success in England, where images of backcountry America were in vogue, and its popularity has continued into the 21st century.