LEARN NC

K–12 teaching and learning · from the UNC School of Education

About this photograph

Painted by Sir Peter Lely.

Date created
1665–1666
License
This work is believed to be in the public domain. Users are advised to make their own copyright assessment and to understand their rights to fair use.

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  • Colonial North Carolina: Colonial North Carolina from the establishment of the Carolina in 1663 to the eve of the American Revolution in 1763. Compares the original vision for the colony with the way it actually developed. Covers the people who settled North Carolina; the growth of institutions, trade, and slavery; the impact of colonization on American Indians; and significant events such as Culpeper's Rebellion, the Tuscarora War, and the French and Indian Wars. (Page 1.5)

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portrait of George Monck, Duke of Albemarle

Sizes available: 700×860 | 203×250

George Monck (1608–1670), Duke of Albemarle, is shown here in military uniform with rod, sword, and anchor to symbolize his leadership on both land and sea.

Albemarle was a general during the English Civil War and gained fame for leading a campaign in Ireland and for defeating the Dutch at sea. Although Monck supported Parliament and Oliver Cromwell, after Cromwell’s death he used the army to force Parliament to dissolve and call for new elections. The new Parliament invited Charles to take the throne, and the newly crowned Charles II named him Duke of Albemarle. Under Charles II, Albemarle served as “master of his majesty‚Äôs horse and captain-general of all his forces.”

In 1663, he and seven other Lords Proprietors were granted title to the Province of Carolina, which eventually became the colonies of North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.