Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon
Edward Hyde (1609–1674), 1st Earl of Clarendon, began his career in Parliament in 1640 as a critic of King Charles I, but eventually became one of the king’s close advisors and served as chancellor of the exchequer. After Charles I was executed, Hyde wrote a history of the Civil War, and eventually joined the future Charles I in exile.
After the Restoration, he became Lord Chancellor of England and was named Earl of Clarendon. His daughter Anne married the king’s brother James, and two of their daughters later became queen (Mary I and Anne).
In 1663, he was one of eight Lords Proprietors to whom Charles II granted the province of Carolina, which became the colonies of North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.