K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

LEARN NC was a program of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Education from 1997 – 2013. It provided lesson plans, professional development, and innovative web resources to support teachers, build community, and improve K-12 education in North Carolina. Learn NC is no longer supported by the School of Education – this is a historical archive of their website.

About this illustration

Theodor de Bry
Date created
This work is believed to be in the public domain. Users are advised to make their own copyright assessment and to understand their rights to fair use.
Original image housed by Documenting the American South / UNC Libraries

Related media

Learn more

In the classroom

  • See our collection of articles on visual literacy for ideas on using photographs meaningfully in the classroom.
Black and white drawing of an American Indian man standing on his right foot with his hands held in the air.  In the background is a body of water in which people are hunting from canoes.

Size: 650×473

“The Coniuerer.” Theodor de Bry’s engraving of an American Indian “conjurer,” published in Thomas Hariot’s 1588 book A Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia. In the foreground, the conjurer stands on his right foot with his left leg held at an angle behind him and his arms held in the air. His gaze is pointed up, and there is a bird at his right ear. He wears a string around his waist, from which an animal skin hangs in the front and a fringed bag hangs on the side. In the background is a body of water in which people are hunting from canoes. Behind the body of water is a wooded piece of land on which people are aiming bows and arrows at a leaping deer.

The text accompanying the image reads:

They have commonly coniurers or jugglers which use strange gestures, and often contrary to nature in their enchantments: For they be very familiar with devils, of whom they enquire what their enemies do, or other such things. They shave all their heads saving their crest which they wear as others do, and fasten a small black bird above one of their ears as a badge of their office. They wear nothing but a skin which hangs down from their girdle, and covers their privities. They wear a bag by their side as is expressed in the figure. The Inhabitants give great credit unto their speech, which oftentimes they find to be true.

Theodor de Bry was a Flemish-born engraver and publisher who based his illustrations for Hariot’s book on the New World paintings of colonist John White. These depictions of the landscapes and residents of North Carolina provided Europeans with some of their earliest notions of what the North American continent looked like. This engraving was based on White’s watercolor painting, “Indian Conjurer.”