K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

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Important Message about LEARN NC

LEARN NC is evaluating its role in the current online education environment as it relates directly to the mission of UNC-Chapel Hill School of Education (UNC-CH SOE). We plan to look at our ability to facilitate the transmission of the best research coming out of UNC-CH SOE and other campus partners to support classroom teachers across North Carolina. We will begin by evaluating our existing faculty and student involvement with various NC public schools to determine what might be useful to share with you.

Don’t worry! The lesson plans, articles, and textbooks you use and love aren’t going away. They are simply being moved into the new LEARN NC Digital Archive. While we are moving away from a focus on publishing, we know it’s important that educators have access to these kinds of resources. These resources will be preserved on our website for the foreseeable future. That said, we’re directing our resources into our newest efforts, so we won’t be adding to the archive or updating its contents. This means that as the North Carolina Standard Course of Study changes in the future, we won’t be re-aligning resources. Our full-text and tag searches should make it possible for you to find exactly what you need, regardless of standards alignment.

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CareerStart lessons: Grade six
This collection of lessons aligns the sixth grade curriculum in math, science, English language arts, and social studies with potential career opportunities.
Page 1.10

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Learning outcomes

Students will understand cause and effect and examine how those concepts apply to the workplace and in the real world.

Teacher planning

Materials needed

  • Student handouts:
    • “Cause and Effect Guided Practice” handout
    • “Cause and Effect in the Workplace” handout (Suggestion: You may wish to copy Exercise A and Exercise B on the front and back of a page.)
  • Pencil
  • Optional: “Cause and Effect Guided Practice” handout copied as a transparency
  • Optional: Overhead or multimedia projector

Time required for lesson

Approximately 45 minutes


  1. Brainstorm with students to see what they know about cause and effect. Give examples related to school and see if they can answer. For example: forgetting your lunch money is a cause. What is the effect? You receive a D1. What could have been a possible cause? You forget your homework for class. What is the effect?
  2. Guided practice: Pass out “Cause and Effect Guided Practice” handout. (If you choose to, you may want to project the handout on an overhead or multimedia projector.) Discuss with students the definitions of cause and effect. Then complete the first ten questions on the worksheet together as a class. After completing 1-10, have students create three causes and three effects of their own at the bottom of the worksheet (alone or with a partner). Share the students’ creations aloud or swap with partners to share. (25 min.)
  3. Independent practice: Pass out “Cause and Effect in the Workplace” handout, and tell students they will be doing an activity similar to the previous one, but that these examples are things that happen in the “real world” every day. Explain that they might actually have to deal with these causes and effects someday, as working teenagers or as adults later in life. (10 min.)
  4. Closure: Review the students’ answers and discuss if some causes and effects have multiple correct answers in the “real world.” Discuss the final question: In the real world is there always only one way to achieve a desired effect?

  • North Carolina Essential Standards
    • Guidance (2010)
      • Progressing

        • P.SE.1 Understand the meaning and importance of personal responsibility and self-awareness. P.SE.1.1 Identify how to set boundaries that maintain personal rights while paying attention to the rights of others. P.SE.1.2 Use self-determination to build independence...

North Carolina curriculum alignment

English Language Arts (2004)

Grade 6

  • Goal 2: The learner will explore and analyze information from a variety of sources.
    • Objective 2.01: Explore informational materials that are read, heard, and/or viewed by:
      • monitoring comprehension for understand of what is read, heard, and/or viewed.
      • studying the characteristics of informational works.
      • restating and summarizing information.
      • determining the importance and accuracy of information.
      • making connections between works, self and related topics/information.
      • comparing and/or contrasting information.
      • drawing inferences and/or conclusions.
      • generating questions.

Guidance (2001)

Grade 6–8

  • Goal 4: Acquire the skills to investigate the world of work in relation to knowledge of self and to make informed career decisions.
    • Objective 4.10: Explain the importance of responsibility, dependability, punctuality, integrity, and effort in the workplace.