K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

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Elementary

Appositive Action
Appositives are descriptive phrases, set off by commas, that modify a noun or noun phrase. Using appositives helps writers create sentences that are smoother and less choppy. In this lesson, students will learn to combine 2 or more descriptive sentences and action sentences into one sentence with an appositive phrase.
Awesome Action Words
Good writers use precise verbs to make stories interesting and vivid. In this lesson, students will learn to replace boring, redundant, generic verbs with more precise “Awesome Action Words.”
Be the sentence: An interactive language arts activity
Students take on the roles of different words and punctuation and work collaboratively to create a complete sentence using correct parts of speech, word order, and punctuation. Students progress from simple sentences to more complex sentences.
Getting Paragraphing Down P.A.T.
One way to remember when to indent and begin a new paragraph is when (P) the place changes, (A) the action changes, and (T) the time changes (P-A-T). In this lesson, students will learn how to identify appropriate places to indent new paragraphs in their writing.
Mumbling Together
“Mumbling together” is a strategy students can use to edit their own writing and develop an ear for correct language. Students learn to proofread by reading their first drafts aloud to identify left-out words and other errors.
Read It Backwards
One editing technique that writers can use to help them catch their own spelling errors is “Read It Backwards.” In this lesson, students will learn a procedure for identifying and correcting the spelling of misspelled words.
Sentence Carousel
Adjectives, adverbs, and precise language help construct descriptive sentences. In this lesson, students will learn to construct more elaborate sentences that will enliven their writing.
Sentence Combining
This lesson is designed for students who write short choppy sentences. Students will learn to combine short choppy sentences that develop their ideas and involve the reader in the action of the story.
Sentence Elaboration with Prepositional Phrases
This lesson is designed for students who write short choppy sentences. In this lesson, students will learn how to write more elaborated, complex sentences by adding prepositional phrases and clauses.
Stop That Run-On!
Run-on sentences inhibit understanding and weaken someone’s writing. In this lesson, students will learn to identify run-on sentences and how to fix them. They will then apply those skills to their own writing.
Synonym Word Bags
The purpose of Word Bags is to give students a resource for finding synonyms for overused words that they use in their writing on a daily basis. Students will fill Word Bags with synonyms for frequently used words.
Verb Tense Time Warps
When students have inconsistent verb tense, they have a “time warp” in their stories. In this lesson, students learn that verbs tell not only what action takes place, but also when the action takes place. They will learn to identify past, present and future verb tenses and to check sentences and paragraphs for inconsistent verb tense.
Word Bank
The Word Bank provides students with a classroom resource for “researching” the correct spelling of words that students want or need to use in their writing on a daily basis.
Word Closet
Word Closets give students an additional classroom resource for “researching” the correct spelling of words to use in their daily writing. Word Closets are particularly focused toward concept words, season words, and favorite words that students like to use in their writing but may need help with spelling.