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The text of this page is copyright ©2008. See terms of use. Images and other media may be licensed separately; see captions for more information and read the fine print.

LEARN NC makes available its articles, lesson plans, and other original education resources free of charge via the World Wide Web to educators and students worldwide.

The following policies apply to all articles, lesson plans, multimedia, and other original content published by LEARN North Carolina on its public website available via http://www.learnnc.org. They do not apply to external resources linked from the LEARN NC website or to resources re-published on our website from other sources. Educators wishing to use resources not maintained by LEARN NC should consult the copyright policies of respective owners and guidelines for fair use. These policies also do not extend to the content of online courses. Please contact us with questions, concerns, or special permissions requests.


Creative Commons

We want you to use our resources for teaching and learning! That’s why we publish them. To make it easy for you, we now license most of our content under a Creative Commons BY/NC/SA license, version 2.5. When you see this icon:

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…you know that you are absolutely free to use the resources on that page in your classroom. In fact, you can use the resource for any non-commercial purpose whatsoever, so long as you attribute it to its creator. If you make derivative works (such as adaptations to a lesson plans or versions of an image) and republish them, you must make them available under the same license. Content available under this license includes most of our articles, lesson plans, educational content, images, audio, and video.

When republishing Creative Commons-licensed material, attribution text should read, “Created by [author’s name] for LEARN NC,” and should include a hyperlink to the original resource on our website.

For more information, see the Creative Commons deed and the full legal text of the license.

Other licenses

Because we publish content from a variety of sources, not everything on our website is published under the above license. You will always find licensing information in the right-hand column of a page or multimedia record. Note that in a multipaged web edition licensing may be page-specific, and that embedded media such as images may be licensed under different terms than the text of the page. For terms of licensing of embedded media, click the image credit or more about this image link in the caption. Also note that no license is granted or implied for materials linked from this website but not maintained by us, including resources catalogued in the Best of the Web and Discover NC collections.

Other Creative Commons licenses

Some of the images in our multimedia library are made available under a different Creative Commons license; you can always click the Creative Commons icon for more information. None of the Creative Commons licenses restrict ordinary classroom use in any way, and none prohibit republishing the work in its current form with proper attribution for noncommercial purposes.

"All rights reserved" and fair use

Some of our resources are listed simply as "All Rights Reserved." This is a standard copyright notice, and does not permit republication of the work. However, your rights under fair use are not restricted by this notice! Ordinary use within the context of your classroom is perfectly acceptable. For more information, see our reference article on fair use.

Public domain

Some of our resources are in the public domain, meaning that there is no legal ownership of the resource, and you are free to use it for any purpose whatsoever. These resources include works created by the U.S. government and works whose copyright has expired.


We recommend the following formats for citing resources on the LEARN NC website. See Online! from Bedford St. Martin’s for additional information on citing electronic sources.

Kathleen Casson, "Managing a Classroom with Brain Food." LEARN North Carolina, September 2003. Available on the web at http://www.learnnc.org/articles/article?id=maples0601 (accessed 7 July 2004).

David J. Walbert, "Does My Vote Count? Teaching the Electoral College" (lesson plan). LEARN North Carolina. Available on the Web at http://www.learnnc.org/lessons/lesson.php?id=dwalbert-electcollege (accessed 7 July 2004).


The practice of linking to public websites and web pages is not in general a violation copyright law, and no permission is required to do so, although it may be wise to ask permission for "deep linking" and framing. It is our policy not to grant permission to other organizations or individuals to link to our website, lest the granting of permission be construed as our acceptance of legal restrictions on the practice. However, we invite and encourage educators to link to the LEARN NC home page or any other page of our website as they see fit!

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The graphics displayed below may be used for image-based links to the LEARN NC website. You may make a copy of the image on your own server, or use the code provided. The UNC logo at the bottom of the page may not be reproduced for any purpose.

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