# M&M math

M&M Math provides students with hands-on activities. Students will be sorting objects, comparing whole numbers, writing fractions, performing addition, subtraction, and division problems with the use of manipulatives.

**A lesson plan for grade 3 Mathematics**

## Learning outcomes

Students will:

- sort objects based on color.
- make reasonable estimations.
- determine less than, more than, or equal to relationships.
- write fractions to show the number in a set.
- use available information to create tally charts, pictographs, and bar graphs.
- solve division problems using manipulatives.
- examine and explain information presented in a tally chart, pictograph, and bar graph.

## Teacher planning

### Time required for lesson

45 minutes

### Materials/resources

- Individual size bags of M&M’s for each student
- One copy of each worksheet for each child: M & M Math
- Colored pencils, markers, or crayons.

### Technology resources

- Computer with access to internet and a CD Rom Drive.
- Optional: CD “Graphers” by Sunburst.

## Pre-activities

Conduct an internet search of chocolate. Discuss where chocolate comes from, how it is processed, and the business and economics of producing chocolate.

## Activities

- Give each child one bag of M&M’s and a handout. Go over the directions for each set of problems.
- Have students complete the handout and the graphs.
- Follow up with discussion questions:
- Does every bag of M&M’s contain the same number? How can you explain this?
- What combination of two colors produced the greatest amount of M&M’s?

Extension Activities:

Prepare graphs of other types of activities in the classroom using the program Graphers by Sunburst.

## Assessment

Students completion of the handouts as well as participation in class discussions will be used to assess their understanding of the concepts covered.

## Supplemental information

This activity is a good follow up or introductory lesson to a unit based on Charlie and the Chocolate Factory or The Chocolate Touch.

### Comments

My children always enjoy this activity. We use it in correlation with a unit on chocolate as we are reading Charlie and the Chocolate Factory.

- Common Core State Standards
- Mathematics (2010)
#### Grade 3

- Number & Operations in Base Ten
- 3.NO.2Fluently add and subtract within 1000 using strategies and algorithms based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction.

- Operations & Algebraic Thinking
- 3.OAT.5Apply properties of operations as strategies to multiply and divide.2 Examples: If 6 × 4 = 24 is known, then 4 × 6 = 24 is also known. (Commutative property of multiplication.) 3 × 5 × 2 can be found by 3 × 5 = 15, then 15 × 2 = 30, or by 5 ×...

- Number & Operations in Base Ten

## North Carolina curriculum alignment

### Mathematics (2004)

#### Grade 3

**Goal 1**: Number and Operations - The learner will model, identify, and compute with whole numbers through 9,999.**Objective 1.02**: Develop fluency with multi-digit addition and subtraction through 9,999 using:- Strategies for adding and subtracting numbers.
- Estimation of sums and differences in appropriate situations.
- Relationships between operations.

**Objective 1.04**: Use basic properties (identity, commutative, associative, order of operations) for addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.**Objective 1.06**: Develop flexibility in solving problems by selecting strategies and using mental computation, estimation, calculators or computers, and paper and pencil.

**Goal 4**: Data Analysis and Probability - The learner will understand and use data and simple probability concepts.**Objective 4.01**: Collect, organize, analyze, and display data (including circle graphs and tables) to solve problems.