K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

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Learning outcomes

The student will identify the proper sequence of the story events in a logical order and identify using beginning, middle, and end - resulting in a written paper to include these elements.

Teacher planning

Time required for lesson

3 hours


  • Koala Lou by Mem Fox
  • A scripted version of the story cut into large sentence strips (one or two sentences grouped together)
  • pocket chart, blackboard, or easel
  • notebook paper
  • pencil


The teacher begins the lesson with a discussion of the importance of sequencing events in a written paper. Also, the students participate in identifying the importance of the beginning, middle and end of a story. The teacher reads aloud Koala Lou to the students.


  1. Using large sentence strips with sentences from the story, teacher and students put the strips in the proper sequence in pocket chart or on board.
  2. Next, they group the strips together according to beginning, middle, and end.
  3. Upon completion, students begin writing their own story. Prompt: Think about a special time you spent with an adult. Write a story about that time. Students use a flow map for pre-writing.
  4. Once the story is completed, students return to cooperative groups to share. The group members must be able to identify the BME (beginning, middle, and end) of the story.


Teacher monitors during cooperative group activities to check for sequencing and BME labeling. Students can successfully identify BME in their writing and other student’s writing.

Supplemental information


Adorable story! Your students will love meeting Koala Lou.

  • Common Core State Standards
    • English Language Arts (2010)
      • Reading: Literature

        • Grade 2
          • 2.RL.5 Describe the overall structure of a story, including describing how the beginning introduces the story and the ending concludes the action.

North Carolina curriculum alignment

English Language Arts (2004)

Grade 3

  • Goal 2: The learner will apply strategies and skills to comprehend text that is read, heard, and viewed.
    • Objective 2.04: Identify and interpret elements of fiction and nonfiction and support by referencing the text to determine the:
      • author's purpose.
      • plot.
      • conflict.
      • sequence.
      • resolution.
      • lesson and/or message.
      • main idea and supporting details.
      • cause and effect.
      • fact and opinion.
      • point of view (author and character).
      • author's use of figurative language (e.g., simile, metaphor, imagery).