K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

LEARN NC was a program of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Education from 1997 – 2013. It provided lesson plans, professional development, and innovative web resources to support teachers, build community, and improve K-12 education in North Carolina. Learn NC is no longer supported by the School of Education – this is a historical archive of their website.

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Learning outcomes

The students will recognize letters of the alphabet in a variety of formats (print, audio-video and multimedia).

Teacher planning

Time required for lesson

2 hours


Technology resources

CD player, Cassette player, computer, internet connection, printer


  • The student should be able to: make marks, color, paint, cut and paste, and recognize a letter of the alphabet as having meaning.
  • The student should be able to display beginning computer skills.


This is an ongoing series of lessons to teach the 26 letters of the alphabet through pre-academic functional skills that can be used on a daily/weekly basis, building on and transferring to other educational tasks.

Daily/Weekly Activities

  1. Group time recognition of the “Letter of the Week”
  2. Song and Movement with the “Letter of the Week”
  3. “Letter of the Week” being made concretely with large painted wrapping paper rolls in circle time
  4. Alphabet story for appropriate “Letter of the Week”
  5. Engage in locating letters in various prints around the room

Individual Student Activities

  1. Make the letter of the alphabet by using one of the following mediums:
    • paint
    • Noodle Doodles
    • art/craft sticks
    • yarn
    • cereal
    • candy
    • feathers
    • sand
    • beans
    • rice
    • modeling clay
  2. Visually discriminate a letter of the week from other letters by marking.
  3. Engage in letter hunt finding and matching identical letters around the room.
  4. Make alphabet booklets.

Center Time Activities

  1. sponge painting
  2. clay play
  3. easel painting
  4. water painting
  5. individual student chalk boards
  6. magnetic letter boards
  7. sorting and matching
  8. dramatic play
  9. crayon letter rub
  10. computer activities

All the above activities are related to the letter of the week.


The student will recognize and name all letters of the alphabet using assessment tools from Highreach, Brigance, etc.

Supplemental information

Lessons can also incorporate Multiple Intelligences or the Seven Styles of Learning.


These lessons are designed to teach beginning pre-academic skills and fine motor skills. They have the same skills each day and week to promote learning of each skill. These lessons are adaptable to the needs and levels of the students and for exceptional students. They may be used as needed to incorporate into the scope of the curriculum. These are virtually beginning reading activities and can and do include beginning sounds.

  • Common Core State Standards
    • English Language Arts (2010)
      • Reading: Foundational Skills

        • K.RFS.1 Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print. K.RFS.1.1 Follow words from left to right, top to bottom, and page by page. K.RFS.1.2 Recognize that spoken words are represented in written language by specific sequences of...
        • K.RFS.3 Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words. K.RFS.3.1 Demonstrate basic knowledge of letter-sound correspondences by producing the primary or most frequent sound for each consonant. K.RFS.3.2 Associate the long and...

North Carolina curriculum alignment

English Language Arts (2004)


  • Goal 1: The learner will develop and apply enabling strategies to read and write.
    • Objective 1.03: Demonstrate decoding and word recognition strategies and skills:
      • recognize and name upper and lower case letters of the alphabet.
      • recognize some words by sight including a few common words, own name, and environmental print such as signs, labels, and trademarks.
      • recognize most beginning consonant letter-sound associations in one-syllable words.