K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

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  • Expansion and empire, 1867–1914: The United States expanded its economic influence and added overseas territory in the last decades of the nineteenth century, but the drive for empire was tempered by a strong anti-imperialist strain in American politics.
  • Reform movements across the United States: In the 1830s and 1840s, a wave of social and political reform swept the United States. Various groups of reformers, often inspired by religion, worked to expand the vote, promote equal rights for women, improve labor conditions, build free public schools, limit alcohol use, and improve treatment of criminals and the insane.
  • Mapping election returns, 1960–2008: A slideshow of maps show results for statewide North Carolina elections in presidential election years from 1960 to 2008. Accompanying questions guide students to explore how voting patterns have changed with time and place.

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Electoral vote
state electoral votes
Lincoln Douglas Breckenridge Bell
free states Union Maine 8
New Hampshire 5
Vermont 5
Massachusetts 13
Rhode Island 4
Connecticut 6
New York 35
New Jersey 4 3
Pennsylvania 27
Ohio 23
Indiana 13
Illinois 11
Michigan 6
Wisconsin 5
Minnesota 4
Iowa 4
Oregon 3
California 4
slave states Maryland 8
Delaware 3
Kentucky 12
Missouri 9
Confederacy Virginia 15
Tennessee 12
North Carolina 10
South Carolina 8
Georgia 10
Florida 3
Alabama 9
Mississippi 7
Louisiana 6
Arkansas 4
Texas 4
Total electoral vote 180 12 72 39
Popular vote
  number of votes percent
Lincoln 1,865,908 39.8
Douglas 1,380,202 29.5
Breckenridge 848,019 18.1
Bell 590,901 12.6