K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

Important Announcement about Online Courses and LEARN NC.

Important Message about LEARN NC

LEARN NC is evaluating its role in the current online education environment as it relates directly to the mission of UNC-Chapel Hill School of Education (UNC-CH SOE). We plan to look at our ability to facilitate the transmission of the best research coming out of UNC-CH SOE and other campus partners to support classroom teachers across North Carolina. We will begin by evaluating our existing faculty and student involvement with various NC public schools to determine what might be useful to share with you.

Don’t worry! The lesson plans, articles, and textbooks you use and love aren’t going away. They are simply being moved into the new LEARN NC Digital Archive. While we are moving away from a focus on publishing, we know it’s important that educators have access to these kinds of resources. These resources will be preserved on our website for the foreseeable future. That said, we’re directing our resources into our newest efforts, so we won’t be adding to the archive or updating its contents. This means that as the North Carolina Standard Course of Study changes in the future, we won’t be re-aligning resources. Our full-text and tag searches should make it possible for you to find exactly what you need, regardless of standards alignment.

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ca. 1–500s CE
Lower Mekong River society called Funan is mentioned in Chinese records. (Funan may be transcription of Khmer word phnom, meaning “hill.”)
ca. 500s–700s CE
Hindu Mekong kingdom of Khmers called Zhenla (or Chenla) by the Chinese supercedes Funan.
ca. 770–834 CE
Jayavarman II unifies Khmers in Angkor region, freeing them from rule of “Java” (exact location of “Java” not certain).
Jayavarman II enthroned under Hindu rites as devaraja, or “god-king”; establishes Khmer empire.
Rajendravarman builds Banteay Srei Temple.
Suryavarman I reigns.
1113–ca. 1145
Suryavarman II reigns and builds Angkor Wat dedicated to Hindu god Vishnu.
Hindu Chams invade and pillage Angkor kingdom.
Jayavarman VII, who defeats Chams, ascends to throne; Khmer empire at greatest extent, incorporating regions of present-day Laos, Burma, and Thailand; king follows Mahayana Buddhism, begins building city of Angkor Thom with Bayon Temple.
Jayavarman VIII enthroned; returns to Hinduism; many Buddha statues destroyed.
Under influence from kingdoms to the west, Theravada Buddhism wins royal and popular allegiance. Pali replaces Sanskrit as sacred language; wood replaces brick and stone as building medium.
Thais sack kingdom at Angkor.
Khmer rulers move capital southeast near present capital, Phnom Penh.
Siam king attacks, and Khmer become vassal kingdom to Siam.
Viets conquer Mekong Delta; weaker Khmer kingdom assumes roughly modern borders of Cambodia.
Viets attack and share increasing control over Khmers with Siam kingdom.
French intervene militarily and Cambodia becomes French protectorate. The region becomes part of French Indochina along with Vietnam and Laos. French colonial capital located at Phnom Penh.
World War II; Japanese fight Allies for control over Southeast Asia and Pacific.
Independence from French; Kingdom of Cambodia under Prince Norodom Sihanouk who abdicates throne to become elected President.
Coup against Sihanouk establishes General Lon Nol as President of a U.S.-backed regime called the Khmer Republic.
Khmer Republic under Lon Nol allows U.S. bombing inside Cambodian borders to fight Vietcong; Sihanouk, in exile in China, joins forces with North Vietnamese as well as ascending Cambodian communists called Khmer Rouge.
Khmer Rouge forces led by Pol Pot capture capital of Phnom Penh.
Khmer Rouge rule what they call Democratic Kampuchea. Intellectuals and those who worked for prior government are killed. All Phnom Penh residents are deported to countryside for slave labor; massive death toll from murder and starvation occurs in northwest Cambodia; bloody purges attempt to eliminate all dissidents. Nearly two million citizens die. Khmer Rouge attacks over Vietnamese borders lead to a military invasion from now unified and well-armed Communist Vietnam.
Vietnamese troops invade and overthrow Pol Pot’s regime.
People’s Republic of Kampuchea; fragmented coalition government is formed where Vietnamese puppets compete for power with former Khmer Rouge officers and Sihanouk supporters. Cambodia begins long recovery process for former refugees who fled to Thailand and other traumatized citizens.
Vietnam officially withdraws from Cambodia.
Khmer Rouge outlawed by Cambodian National Assembly
Pol Pot, former leader of Khmer Rouge, dies in forest hideout, never brought to trial.
Elderly King Sihanouk turns monarchy over to son, King Sihamoni, but real political power is held by elected President Hun Sen, a former Khmer Rouge officer.