K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

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LEARN NC is no longer supported by the UNC School of Education and has been permanently archived. On February 1st, 2018, you will only be able to access these resources through the Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine. We recommend that you print or download resources you may need before February 1st, 2018, after which, you will have to follow these instructions in order to access those resources.

I am currently the Director of a Teaching American History Grant for Buncombe County Schools, Asheville City Schools, and Madison County Schools. I have taught history and English in the seventh and eighth grades for over twenty-six years at Reynolds Middle School in Asheville, North Carolina. I am currently doing adjunct work for Mars Hill College and Western Carolina University. I have a Masters Degree from Western Carolina University and am Nationally Board Certified in Early Adolescence/Social Studies-History. I am certified to teach K–12 and I also have Academically-Intellectually Gifted certification.

Resources created by Pauline S. Johnson

4-H on the home front
In this lesson plan, secondary students will analyze a variety of primary source textual materials to investigate how young rural people were encouraged to support the war effort during World War II.
Format: lesson plan (grade 8 and 11–12 Social Studies)
By Pauline S. Johnson.
Africans before captivity: Graphic organizer
This activity provides a way for students to further their comprehension as they read an article about the regions of Africa from which most American slaves originated. Students will complete a graphic organizer and answer a series of questions.
Format: worksheet/lesson plan (grade 9–12 Social Studies)
By Pauline S. Johnson.
America's first people
In Two worlds: Educator's guide, page 2.2
These activities, designed to accompany "First Peoples" and "The Mystery of the First Americans," will enable students to explore the origins of human populations in North America.
Format: lesson plan (grade 8 Social Studies)
By Pauline S. Johnson.
Analyzing North Carolina's natural history
In Two worlds: Educator's guide, page 1.4
These two short activities will allow students to examine the changes that occurred as the earth formed and assess their impact on what is now North Carolina.
Format: lesson plan (grade 8 Science and Social Studies)
By Pauline S. Johnson.
Analyzing photographs using Magic Eye
In Tobacco bag stringing: Elementary activity two, page 2
This activity will use a "Magic Eye" to help students analyze photographs of people. A Magic Eye is a half-sheet of construction paper or card stock that has a hole about 2 1/2 inches in diameter cut from the center. By using the Magic Eye, students will have an opportunity to more carefully examine photographs by focusing on smaller sections of an image.
Format: lesson plan
Adapted by Pauline S. Johnson.
Analyzing primary sources: John White and the "lost colonists"
In Two worlds: Educator's guide, page 4.3
In this lesson, students will read about John White's attempt to find the "lost colonists" in 1590, and will practice thinking critically and analyzing primary source documents.
Format: lesson plan (grade 8 English Language Arts and Social Studies)
By Pauline S. Johnson.
Anticipation guide: "A Little Kingdom in Carolina"
A learner's guide to the article "A Little Kingdom in Carolina," this activity will support student comprehension.
Format: worksheet/learner's guide
By Pauline S. Johnson.
Anticipation guide: A royal colony
This activity presents students with a series of true/false statements about the early Carolina colony. Students respond to the statements before and after reading an article about the changes in the Carolina colony in its first fifty years, as it was divided into North and South Carolina and changed from a proprietary colony to a royal colony.
Format: /lesson plan (grade 8 Social Studies)
By Pauline S. Johnson.
Anticipation guide: The importance of one simple plant
In Two worlds: Educator's guide, page 2.9
This activity is designed to be used with the article "The Importance of One Simple Plant." A series of true/false statements will enable students to compare what they previously knew about maize with what they've learned by reading the article.
Format: /lesson plan (grade 8 Social Studies)
By Pauline S. Johnson.
British migration to Roanoke: Push and pull factors
In Two worlds: Educator's guide, page 4.1
In this lesson, students will examine the push/pull factors that led settlers to attempt to settle Roanoke Island in the 1580s.
Format: lesson plan (grade 8 Social Studies)
By Pauline S. Johnson.
Canova's statue of Washington
In North Carolina in the New Nation, page 4.8
In 1815, at a time when the state of North Carolina was unwilling to spend money on roads or schools, the General Assembly spent as much as $60,000 on a statue of George Washington for the State Capitol.
Format: book/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by Pauline S. Johnson.
The Carolina colony: Comparing three perspectives
In this lesson, students compare three different primary sources written by early colonists and consider the reasons the colonists had for moving to Carolina.
Format: lesson plan (grade 8 English Language Arts and Social Studies)
By Pauline S. Johnson.
Carousel brainstorming
Carousel brainstorming is a strategy that requires students to access background knowledge or review what they have learned by thinking about subtopics within a broader topic. This strategy can be used in any discipline.
Format: lesson plan
By Pauline S. Johnson.
Children and families in North Carolina
In this lesson plan, elementary students will analyze photographs of children from North Carolina provided by the Green ‘N’ Growing collection from the Special Collections Research Center at North Carolina State University. They will investigate how individuals and families are similar and different, and to begin to acquire an understanding of change over time.
Format: lesson plan (grade K–3 Social Studies)
By Pauline S. Johnson.
Coastal Plain cultures graphic organizer
In Two worlds: Educator's guide, page 2.5
As students read the article "Peoples of the Coastal Plain," this graphic organizer will help them develop an understanding of the cultures that existed in North Carolina's Coastal Plain hundreds of years ago.
Format: /lesson plan (grade 8 Social Studies)
By Pauline S. Johnson.
Comparing and contrasting colonial rice and tobacco agriculture
This graphic organizer will help students understand the processes of growing rice and tobacco in colonial North Carolina after reading two related articles from the North Carolina digital history textbook — "The...
Format: document/worksheet
Comparing creation stories
In Two worlds: Educator's guide, page 1.5
In this activity, students compare creation stories from three peoples -- Cherokee, European, and West African -- that met in colonial North Carolina.
Format: lesson plan (grade 8–12 English Language Arts and Social Studies)
By Pauline S. Johnson.
De Soto in America
In Two worlds: Educator's guide, page 3.4
In this lesson for grades 5-8, students will evaluate the effectiveness of the De Soto expedition through the interior of the southeastern United States in the years 1539-1543. They will examine the impact of that trip on the Native Americans. Students will engage in historical empathy as they put themselves in the place of the Native Americans and the Spanish soldiers who encountered them on the expedition.
Format: lesson plan
By Pauline S. Johnson.
Discussion guide: Religion in early America
In Educator's Guides: North Carolina Digital History, page 3.4
This discussion guide will help students understand the larger context of religion in colonial America as they read about topics such as Quaker emigration and the Great Awakening.
Format: lesson plan (grade 8 Social Studies)
By Pauline S. Johnson.
Discussion questions: Expanding to the west
This set of discussion questions was designed to help students understand an article about the settlement of the Piedmont region of North Carolina between 1730 and 1775.
Format: lesson plan (grade 8 Social Studies)
By Pauline S. Johnson.
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