K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

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LEARN NC is no longer supported by the UNC School of Education and has been permanently archived. On February 1st, 2018, you will only be able to access these resources through the Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine. We recommend that you print or download resources you may need before February 1st, 2018, after which, you will have to follow these instructions in order to access those resources.

Lorraine Aragon is Adjunct Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Resources created by Lorraine Aragon

“Sacred sword”
In East from India: Cambodia and Southern Vietnam, page 17
The building complex functioned as temple, monastery, and university. The original carved images in the complex were both Hindu and Buddhist although most of the Buddhas were effaced by subsequent Hindu rulers, probably including the Hindu Jayavarman VIII....
By Lorraine Aragon.
“Uncle Ho”
In Contemporary life in Vietnam, page 3
This monumental stone statue of Ho Chi Minh, outside city hall in Ho Chi Minh City, shows him gently touching a young girl's head. She is looking down towards the book he holds. “Uncle Ho” is recognizable by his characteristic goatee. This Soviet...
By Lorraine Aragon.
The all-seeing eye
In Contemporary life in Vietnam, page 19
Cao literally means high, while Dai means tower, palace, or abode. The combined verbal image is used to represent both a heavenly place and a Supreme Being envisioned as creating all religions and beings on the earth. The visual symbol...
By Lorraine Aragon.
Altar store
In Northern and coastal Vietnam: Waterway settlements and Chinese influences, page 16
China ruled what is now Vietnam for nearly a thousand years, heavily influencing religious and kinship practices among the Vietnamese majority group. There are also large ethnic Chinese populations within major Vietnamese cities. As a result, Vietnamese people...
By Lorraine Aragon.
An ancient Hindu kingdom
In East from India: Cambodia and Southern Vietnam, page 1
This damaged brick and stone Cham tower stands overgrown by vegetation in a rural area south of Hai An, Vietnam. Tall arched forms are characteristic of these monuments built by ethnic Chams between the seventh and twelfth century
By Lorraine Aragon.
Ancient medicine
In Northern and coastal Vietnam: Waterway settlements and Chinese influences, page 20
The moxibustion practitioner is in the process of adding or removing a glass cup to her patient's back. Nine cups still are attached to his back. Several round reddish spots can be seen where treatment has been completed and other cups have been removed. Moxibustion...
By Lorraine Aragon.
Angkor Wat
In East from India: Cambodia and Southern Vietnam, page 8
Angkor was the royal capital of the Khmer empire from 802–1431 CE. Angkor's long-lasting prosperity was based on the local abundance of three resources: water, fish, and the rice crops grown on soil nourished by...
By Lorraine Aragon.
Animals for transportation
In Rice farming and rural life in Vietnam, page 9
Open-backed and slat-sided buses such as the one shown here usually serve medium distance links between towns. Passengers crowd together inside, while luggage, produce, and sometimes even livestock are tied on the roof of the bus. Rural farmers often move...
By Lorraine Aragon.
Arrows turn into serpents
In The Ramayana, page 5.8
A flying demon, visible in the upper left corner, shoots arrows that become serpents as they fall. The arrows become wavy as they rain down upon Rama's army. The demon moves actively in a cloud-filled sunset sky painted over a dramatic mountain and landscape...
By Lorraine Aragon.
The battle continues
In The Ramayana, page 3.8
This detail of a mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple, where Hanuman descends lithely down poles beside a circular well to seize the guards, shows how the powerful and clever monkey god can single-handedly defeat the hapless demons who defend Ravana's palace....
By Lorraine Aragon.
Bharata tries to give back the throne
In The Ramayana, page 2.3
On this mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple, Rama's brother Bharata and his comrades boat into the forest to try to find the exiled Rama after their father dies. The detail shows several long paddled canoes and a large poled platform barge. On each watercraft,...
By Lorraine Aragon.
The bow of Siva
In The Ramayana, page 1.4
Here, Rama draws an arrow across his bow at a Ramayana dance performance held at Yogyakarta in July 1986. The Rama dancer wears a golden crown and a gold-trimmed red sash across his bare chest. He also wears the "broken sword" pattern batik of Yogyakarta's...
By Lorraine Aragon.
A bridge of stone
In The Ramayana, page 4.8
A carved stone stele at Prambanan Temple shows monkeys helping Rama by bringing stones for the bridge he wants to build to Ravana's demon island of Lanka. Realistically portrayed, the naked monkeys in this carved bas relief walk together in line carrying rounded...
By Lorraine Aragon.
Buddhists today
In East from India: Cambodia and Southern Vietnam, page 18
Prior to European colonial rule in the 1800s, Theravada Buddhist monks served as major councillors to ruling Southeast Asian kings. It was the king's job to protect the people and the monasteries, and to rule wisely. It was the monks' job to bless the king...
By Lorraine Aragon.
A café
In Contemporary life in Vietnam, page 7
Three young men in long pants and T-shirts sit on red plastic stools at a streetside cafe in Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam. A woman wearing a headscarf stands nearby beside a rack of items for sale. She carries a plastic bag of goods and is either another...
By Lorraine Aragon.
Capitalism and commerce
In Contemporary life in Vietnam, page 4
In 1986, as the Cold War was ending, Vietnam began a series of market and social reforms, working to normalize its relations with the United States and open the country for tourism, which developed in the 1990s. Note that apartments, some with balconies, are...
By Lorraine Aragon.
Caring for children
In Rice farming and rural life in Vietnam, page 20
Throughout Southeast Asia, but especially in highland farming areas, children of both sexes are considered precious and vulnerable. Adults and teens of both sexes and all ages generally enjoy caring for young children. They find it an amusing and relaxing...
By Lorraine Aragon.
Carpentry skills
In Rice farming and rural life in Vietnam, page 18
Carpenters in highland villages generally work with hand tools, using no electricity. Metal parts, generally now imported from the cities, are either forged in the village or bought pre-made from blacksmiths in larger towns. The man shown here is using a large...
By Lorraine Aragon.
Cash crops
In Contemporary life in Vietnam, page 11
Black pepper, used in most of the cuisines of Europe and Asia, is made from the dried, unripe green berries of the Piper nigrum vine. The green berries are cooked briefly before drying to produce black peppercorns. A valuable spice crop...
By Lorraine Aragon.
Chinatown
In Northern and coastal Vietnam: Waterway settlements and Chinese influences, page 19
In this busy Chinatown market street, shoppers browse shaded stalls in front of multi-story buildings with balconies and tile roofs. Tile roofed turrets adorn the buildings at the corner of the block. Note that no cars are visible, only pedestrians, bicyclists,...
By Lorraine Aragon.
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