LEARN NC is evaluating its role in the current online education environment as it relates directly to the mission of UNC-Chapel Hill School of Education (UNC-CH SOE). We plan to look at our ability to facilitate the transmission of the best research coming out of UNC-CH SOE and other campus partners to support classroom teachers across North Carolina. We will begin by evaluating our existing faculty and student involvement with various NC public schools to determine what might be useful to share with you.
Don’t worry! The lesson plans, articles, and textbooks you use and love aren’t going away. They are simply being moved into the new LEARN NC Digital Archive. While we are moving away from a focus on publishing, we know it’s important that educators have access to these kinds of resources. These resources will be preserved on our website for the foreseeable future. That said, we’re directing our resources into our newest efforts, so we won’t be adding to the archive or updating its contents. This means that as the North Carolina Standard Course of Study changes in the future, we won’t be re-aligning resources. Our full-text and tag searches should make it possible for you to find exactly what you need, regardless of standards alignment.
|Europe and North Africa||The Pacific||In the U.S.||Media|
|March||Finland signs a peace treaty with the Soviet Union.|
|April||Germany invades Denmark and Norway.|
Germany invades France, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands on May 10. The Netherlands surrenders five days later; Belgium surrenders on May 28.
Winston Churchill becomes Prime Minister of Britain.
Facing defeat in France, British troops begin evacuating the Continent from Dunkirk on May 26. They are forced to leave behind most of their heavy weapons and equipment, leaving the British Isles vulnerable to invasion.
Germany begins bombing Paris on June 3. On June 14, German troops enter Paris. France is divided in half: a German occupation zone in the north and west, and an independent France with a capital at Vichy in the South. Vichy France quickly elects a pro-Axis government. Britain recognizes Charles de Gaulle as the leader of "Free France." De Gaulle will lead a resistance to the Vichy government and German occupation for the remainder of the war.
The Soviet Union invades the Baltic States of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia.
Italy declares war on Britain and France.
The "Vichy" government of occupied France cuts off relations with Britain. Britain is now defeated on the Continent and is without European allies, but Churchill refuses to give up and urges the British people to steel themselves for a long war.
German U-boats (submarines) begin attacking merchant ships on the Atlantic Ocean.
The Soviet Union completes the occupation of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia. The three nations become Soviet Socialist Republics and will remain part of the USSR until 1991.
The Battle of Britain begins with German air raids on Great Britain. Germany, preparing for an invasion of Britain in September, tries to gain control of the skies over the British Channel and potential landing beaches by destroying the Royal Air Force (RAF).
The Luftwaffe (German Air Force) bomb British airfields along with other military installations and factories that produce munitions (weapons, ammunition, and equipment). The RAF, though heavily outnumbered, inflicts tremdendous losses on the Luftwaffe, shooting down two German planes for every RAF plane lost.
Britain counters with air raids on Berlin.
Italy attacks and occupies the British protectorate of Somaliland on the coast of present-day Somalia in East Africa.
Unable to destroy the RAF, the Germans begin a campaign of terror against British civilians, with nighttime raids on British cities. King George VI and his wife Queen Elizabeth are urged to evacuate to Canada but refuse; they remain in London, where their presence boosts civilian morale.
Italy invades Egypt to capture the British-controlled Suez Canal, which linked the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea (and thus ultimately with the Indian Ocean, avoidng the need for European ships to round Africa to reach Asia).
Germany, Italy, and Japan sign the Tripartite or "Axis" Pact.
Japan invades and occupies French Indochina (now Vietnam).
|The Selective Service and Training Act requires all men aged 21 to 35 to register with local draft boards. Men were then selected by lottery for military service lasting up to 12 months. It is the first peacetime draft in U.S. history.|
Hitler postpones plans for the invasion of Britain until spring 1941. Churchill will observe of the RAF’s victory that "Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few."
Germany invades Romania.
Italy invades Greece.
|The draft begins. Between 1940 and 1947, more than 10 million men will serve in the U.S. armed forces.|
Hungary, fearing German conquest, joins the Axis powers. Romania soon follows.
The Nazis seal off the Warsaw ghetto, a 3.5 square mile section of the city in which they have confined 400,000 Jews. Jews attempting to leave the area were to be shot on sight, and only enough food was allowed into the ghetto to permit each person a bowl of soup per day. Hundreds died each day of starvation and disease.
|Franklin Roosevelt is re-elected President of the United States.|
Britain and the Commonwealth (including Canada, Australia, and New Zealand) begin an offensive against Italian troops in North Africa.
German plans firebomb London on December 29–30, destroying a large portion of the city.