K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

LEARN NC was a program of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Education from 1997 – 2013. It provided lesson plans, professional development, and innovative web resources to support teachers, build community, and improve K-12 education in North Carolina. Learn NC is no longer supported by the School of Education – this is a historical archive of their website.

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"A sickening state of things"
In North Carolina in the New Nation, page 9.9
Letter from Rachel Lazarus of Wilmington, North Carolina, to Eliza Mordecai of Mobile, Alabama. The writer describes the supposed plot of a slave insurrection in southeastern North Carolina and concludes that whites must live in fear until slavery is ended. Includes historical commentary.
Format: letter/primary source
"George, hide thy face and mourn"
In Revolutionary North Carolina, page 5.8
Before the Battle of Guilford Courthouse in 1781, Continental Army General Nathaniel Greene stopped in Salisbury and was inspired by the aid and sacrifice of a woman who owned a tavern. This version of the story was told in the 1840s. Includes historical commentary.
Format: book/primary source
"I am sorry to tell that some of our brave boys has got killed"
In North Carolina in the Civil War and Reconstruction, page 5.13
In North Carolina History: A Sampler, page 3.4
Letter written from Confederate soldier M. W. Parris to his wife, Jane, during the Civil War. He writes about the fighting and the men who have been killed or wounded. Includes historical commentary.
Format: letter/primary source
"Liberty to slaves": The black response
In Revolutionary North Carolina, page 3.4
During the American Revolution, some black people living in the colonies fought for the British and some fought for the revolutionaries. Their actions during the war were often decided by what they believed would best help them throw off the shackles of slavery. Most believed that victory by the British would bring an end to their enslavement.
Format: article
By Jeffrey J. Crow.
"Some grievous oppressions"
In Revolutionary North Carolina, page 1.4
Excerpt of a sermon published by Herman Husband, Regulator leader, in 1770. Husband argued that North Carolina's colonial government was unfair to small farmers. Primary source includes historical commentary.
Format: pamphlet/primary source
"The difference is about our land": Cherokees and Catawbas
In Revolutionary North Carolina, page 4.1
During the American Revolution, American Indians living in North Carolina had to choose whether to support England or the colonists. While different groups of Indians made different decisions, most made their choices based on how they thought they could best protect their lands.
Format: article
By Jim L. Sumner.
"The school houses are crowded, and the people are clamorous for more"
In North Carolina in the Civil War and Reconstruction, page 8.4
American Freedmen's Union Commission pamphlet explaining the Commission's work in educating formerly enslaved African Americans after the Civil War. Includes historical commentary. Note: This source contains explicit language or content that requires mature discussion.
Format: pamphlet/primary source
"Where Home Used to Be"
In North Carolina in the Civil War and Reconstruction, page 7.8
In North Carolina History: A Sampler, page 3.6
Letter from 16 year-old Janie Smith, whose family home was used as a Confederate hospital during the Battle of Averasboro. She describes the effects of Sherman's March, the battle, and its aftermath. Includes historical commentary.
Format: letter/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
1640 map of southern Virginia and eastern Florida
1640 map of southern Virginia and eastern Florida
The title of this 1640 map, Virginiæ partis australis, et Floridæ partis orientalis, translates to "Virginia parts south and Florida parts east." At the time, Virginia included all the British land along the east coast, so the map covers the...
Format: image/map
1677 treaty between Virgina and Indians
1677 treaty between Virgina and Indians
Format: image/document
1677 treaty between Virgina and Indians: Article XVI
1677 treaty between Virgina and Indians: Article XVI
Article XVI of the 1677 treaty between Virginia and the Indians.
Format: image/document
1736 map of Carolina
1736 map of Carolina
1736 map of the Carolinas, from southern Virginia to northern Florida. Major ports, barrier islands, and coastal counties are labeled by name, and western regions are labeled according to natural resources and the names and locations of Indian groups. The...
Format: image/article
1765 map of North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia
1765 map of North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia
This 1765 map depicts the southeastern colonies from southern Virginia to northern Florida (which was, at the time, East and West Florida.) When this map was drawn, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia extended as far west as the Mississippi River....
Format: image/map
1860 county map of North Carolina and southern Virginia
1860 county map of North Carolina and southern Virginia
This 1860 map of North Carolina and southern Virginia clearly shows the county borders at the time. The map also depicts major roads and towns.
Format: image/map
1891 railroad map of eastern North Carolina
1891 railroad map of eastern North Carolina
1891 railroad map of eastern North Carolina and Virginia. A blue highlighted line emphasizes the Norfolk and Western railroad line. Other railroad lines are visible. Lines highlighted in red show what appear to be major water routes.
Format: image/article
1924 Virginia Health Bulletin
1924 Virginia Health Bulletin
Virginia Health Bulletin announcing the Racial Integrity Act, 1924. The act, administered by Virginia state official Walter Plecker, sought to prevent interracial marriage, and made it illegal for people to identify their race as Indian. The full text of the...
Format: image/document
1943 Letter from Walter Plecker
1943 Letter from Walter Plecker
Letter from Virginia state official Walter Plecker to voting registrars, health care workers, school superintendents, and clerks of the court, 1943.
Format: image/letter
2010 Census
In March, the 2010 Census will be mailed to every household in the United States in an effort to count every man, woman, and child. This selection of resources provides information on the 2010 Census, lessons and activities that use census data, and historical information on the federal census.
Format: bibliography/help
A blue heron in flight on Lake Gaston
A blue heron in flight on Lake Gaston
A blue heron takes flight on Lake Gaston in Warren County, North Carolina. Lake Gaston is also partially located in Northampton County, Halifax County, and part of Virginia.
Format: image/photograph
A Brief Description of the Province of Carolina
In Colonial North Carolina, page 1.8
A pamphlet produced in 1660s London at the request of the Lords Proprietors described the economic opportunity and religious freedom available to settlers in Carolina. Includes historical commentary.
Format: book/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by David Walbert.