K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

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Troweling the subsoil at Occaneechi Town
Troweling the subsoil at Occaneechi Town
Photograph of students troweling a large excavated area at Occaneechi Town.
Format: image/photograph
How the world was made
In Prehistory, contact, and the Lost Colony, page 1.3
This Cherokee creation story, written down in the 1800s, describes how the earth was created from soft mud "when all was water."
By James Mooney.
Discovery of the Mississippi
Discovery of the Mississippi
William H. Powell's painting, Discovery of the Mississippi, depicts Hernando de Soto's encounter with the Mississippi River in 1541. De Soto was the first European to view the river. In the painting, de Soto appears in armor on a white horse,...
Format: image/painting
Common artifacts: Glass fragments
Common artifacts: Glass fragments
Glass fragments were frequently found at the Fredricks site. Those contemporary with Occaneechi Town are usually dark green in color and have heavily weathered surfaces.
Format: image/photograph
Roanoke Island Festival Park
There is so much to see at the Roanoke Island Festival Park. From the Elizabeth II ship and the settlement site to the Roanoke Adventure Museum, students will have a wonderful time and learn about the history of the native people and settlers during colonial times.
Format: article/field trip opportunity
Excavated wall-trench structure
Excavated wall-trench structure
The excavated remains of a wall-trench structure and associated pit at Occaneechi Town.
Format: image/photograph
Recovering artifacts by waterscreening
Recovering artifacts by waterscreening
Photograph of a student waterscreening soil removed from an archaeological feature at the Occaneechi Town archaeological dig.
Format: image/photograph
Dressed deerskin
Dressed deerskin
A dressed deerskin lying in the grass. "Dressing" is the process by which an unprocessed deerskin is made into leather.
Format: image/photograph
Town Creek burial house and major temple
Town Creek burial house and major temple
This photograph, taken at Town Creek Indian Mound, shows recreations of the town burial house and major temple. The burial mound was a round, thatch-roof hut in which the Town Creek Indians buried their dead. In the background, the major temple sits atop the...
Format: image/photograph
Animal petroglyphs on Newspaper Rock near Monticello, Utah
Animal petroglyphs on Newspaper Rock near Monticello, Utah
A detail of Newspaper Rock at Newspaper Rock State Historic Monument near Monticello, Utah. The petroglyphs depict what appear to be deer, lizards, bison, footprints, and a man riding a horse, among other figures. Newspaper Rock is one of the largest and most...
Format: image/photograph
Petroglyphs on Newspaper Rock near Monticello, Utah
Petroglyphs on Newspaper Rock near Monticello, Utah
A detail of Newspaper Rock at Newspaper Rock State Historic Monument near Monticello, Utah. The petroglyphs depict a chaotic mass of human and animal figures, as well as what appear to be animal tracks. Newspaper Rock is one of the largest and most well-known...
Format: image/photograph
Petroglyphs on Newspaper Rock near Monticello, Utah
Petroglyphs on Newspaper Rock near Monticello, Utah
A detail of Newspaper Rock at Newspaper Rock State Historic Monument near Monticello, Utah. The petroglyphs depict a man riding a horse and aiming a bow at a bull, as well as other human figures, animals, and plants. Newspaper Rock is one of the largest and...
Format: image/photograph
Cherokee relocation
Students will use primary sources to investigate the boundaries of the Cherokee lands set for North Carolina after the Revolutionary War.
Format: lesson plan (grade 8–10 Social Studies)
By Donna Hernandez.
Beaded belt
Beaded belt
At a replica of an eighteenth-century trading camp on the North Carolina frontier, an American Indian-style belt hangs from a post. Beaded belts with this type of pattern were an important element of typical Southeastern Indian dress.
Format: image/photograph
Writing activities: William Hilton explores the Cape Fear River
Writing activities suggested to accompany students' reading of a primary source document — a 1663 report by the English explorer William Hilton about the geography and native peoples of the Cape Fear region.
Format: activity/lesson plan (grade 8 English Language Arts and Social Studies)
By Pauline S. Johnson.
Common artifacts: Charcoal
Common artifacts: Charcoal
Charcoal was commonly found in archaeological features at the Fredricks site at Occaneechi Town. Most of this charcoal is from wood used as fuel; however, plants that were grown or collected for food also are amply represented by seeds, nutshells, and (occasionally)...
Format: image/photograph
Schoolhouse of Wonder
The nature programs offered by the Schoolhouse of Wonder can be held at the Nature Center or in your classroom. With hands-on experience, students learn the importance of taking care of the Earth.
Format: article/field trip opportunity
Pits
Pits
Photograph of a pit, a common archaeological feature found at Occaneechi Town. Pits are roughly circular, moderately deep holes that were dug by the town's inhabitants. Most probably they were used to hide or conceal belongings and were subsequently filled...
Format: image/photograph
William Byrd graphic organizer
This graphic organizer will aid students' comprehension as they read excerpts from a journal written by William Byrd, a wealthy plantation owner from Virginia who was one of several men commissioned to survey the boundary between Virginia and North Carolina in 1728.
Format: chart/lesson plan (grade 8 Social Studies)
By Pauline S. Johnson.
Wigwam construction
Wigwam construction
The frame that provides the structure of a wigwam. A wigwam is a traditional house made by some American Indian groups, consisting of a round wooden frame covered with mats or tree bark. This photograph was taken at the Wolf Creek Indian Village in Virginia.
Format: image/photograph