K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education


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From the education reference

North Carolina thinking skills
Model of thinking skills adopted by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction in 1994. Lists seven levels of thinking skills from simplest to most complex: knowledge, organizing, applying, analyzing, generating, integrating, and evaluating.
North Carolina Department of Public Instruction
The North Carolina Department of Public Instruction administers the policies adopted by the State Board of Education and offers instructional, financial, technological, and personnel support to all public school systems in the state.

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Cypress-gum swamp community
In Wetlands of the coastal plains, page 13
When we talk about cypress-gum swamps, we talk mostly about the two dominant trees because often they make up almost all of the plants that live in the community. Most commonly the understory and herb layers of this community are poorly developed because of...
By Dirk Frankenberg.
Buxton overwash
In Natural and human impacts on the northern Outer Banks, page 18
The Buxton overwash zone is located where the orientation of the island bends to form Cape Hatteras. The Buxton overwash zone has been the site of rapid shoreline retreat, frequent overwash, and the formation of inlets such as the Cape Inlet, Chacandepeco...
By Blair Tormey and Dirk Frankenberg.
Politics and economics of land settlement in colonial North Carolina
In Colonial and state records of North Carolina, page 10
In this lesson, students will use a primary source document to examine the political nature of land settlement in North Carolina. The influence of the economy on the land settlement will also be highlighted. Students will also learn about colonial industry in North Carolina.
Format: lesson plan (grade 8 English Language Arts and Social Studies)
From grassy bald to forest
In Elevations and forest types along the Blue Ridge Parkway, page 11
Figure 10 shows an early stage in the succession from grassy bald to forest at 5300 feet. Note the grasses growing thickly under the thickening stand of small maples and mountain ash. These trees appear to be saplings, but age determinations of this size trees...
By Dirk Frankenberg.
Rich cove forest
In Elevations and forest types along the Blue Ridge Parkway, page 5
In keeping with their name, the rich cove forests of the Blue Ridge are rich in species, tree production, and scenic beauty. Cove forests are dominated by large trees of many species. The example shown in Figure 4, at about 3100 feet, happens to be dominated...
By Dirk Frankenberg.
Northern hardwood community
In Roan Mountain Highlands, page 15
Figure 13 shows a view of the northern hardwoods forest type that dominates the flanks of the Roan Highlands. As its name suggests, this is a forest type of mixed composition. The major tree species are the three Bs — beech, birch, and buckeye —...
By Jennifer Godwin-Wyer and Dirk Frankenberg.
Wetlands of the coastal plains
This Carolina Environmental Diversity Explorations “virtual field trip” explores the various wetlands of North Carolina's coastal plain and the plant communities found there.
Format: slideshow (multiple pages)
Natural and human impacts on the northern Outer Banks
This Carolina Environmental Diversity Explorations “virtual field trip” examines how coastal process continuously alter the structure of the Outer Banks, and how humans have adapted to and resisted these changes.
Format: slideshow (multiple pages)
Mountain balds
In Elevations and forest types along the Blue Ridge Parkway, page 8
Many high-elevation areas of the Blue Ridge have no trees. As a result these areas are called balds. The origin and persistence of mountain balds is poorly understood. Some scientists claim that they form in areas particularly susceptible to fires...
By Dirk Frankenberg.
Laundry and ironing by hand
Demonstration of the washing, drying, and ironing of clothes by hand.
Format: video/video
A Siouan village
In Intrigue of the Past, page 4.6
In their study of an excavated village site, students will record observations about a site feature and infer how past peoples used individual features and the site as a whole. They will also summarize how archaeologists use observation and inference to determine past lifeways.
Format: lesson plan (grade 4 Social Studies)
Air pollution
In Recent North Carolina, page 4.7
In 2006, the State of North Carolina sued the Tennessee Valley Authority in 2006 to force limits on emissions from power plants across the border in Tennessee. This newspaper article tells the story. Includes historical background.
Format: article/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
Quick study: Woodland Period
A “cheat sheet” covering basic information about the Woodland Period and its key characteristics.
Tobacco farming the old way
In North Carolina in the New South, page 1.8
From about 1880 until the 1950s, tobacco farming was extremely labor-intensive and relied on hand work and animal power. This article explains the process of growing tobacco for market "the old way."
Format: article
Pottery traditions
In Intrigue of the Past, page 4.5
Students will learn how Indian people of North Carolina made and used coiled pottery, summarize why archaeologists study pottery, and make and decorate a replica of a North Carolina coiled pot.
Format: lesson plan (grade 4 and 8 Visual Arts Education and Social Studies)
Inference by analogy
In Intrigue of the Past, page 2.12
Students will use historical sources and an archaeological site map to infer the use or meaning of items recovered from a North Carolina Native American site based on 17th-century European settlers' accounts and illustrations. They will also describe prehistoric lifeways based on archaeological and ethnohistoric information and explain why archaeologists use ethnohistoric analogy.
Format: lesson plan (grade 8 Social Studies)
Peoples of the Coastal Plain
In Prehistory, contact, and the Lost Colony, page 2.6
When Europeans arrived in the late 1500s, North Carolina’s northern Coastal Plain was home to two different cultures. Speakers of Algonkian languages lived closest to the Atlantic edge, in the Outer Coastal Plain or Tidewater. Iroquoian speakers lived more inland, on the Inner Coastal Plain. Based on the distinctive items each group left, archaeologists call the Algonkian speakers Colington and the Iroquoian speakers Cashie.
Format: article
Peoples of the Piedmont
In Prehistory, contact, and the Lost Colony, page 2.4
In the years between 1000 and 1200 CE, Native life in the north and central Piedmont hadn’t changed much from prior Woodland times. People still lived in small hamlets whose houses strung out along river and stream banks. At times, the hamlets sat empty when people left to hunt and gather wild foods. But times were about to change. Around 900 CE, corn agriculture began. As a result, population began to grow, people began gathering in larger villages, and conflicts erupted.
Format: article
The Buncombe Turnpike
In North Carolina in the New Nation, page 7.6
The Buncombe Turnpike began in the early nineteenth century as the Drover's Road through western North Carolina, used to drive livestock to market. The Turnpike brought trade and increased prosperity to the region and especially to Asheville. After the Civil War, economic recession and the rise of railroads led to its decline.
Format: article
William Hilton explores the Cape Fear River
In Colonial North Carolina, page 1.7
A 1663 report by the English explorer William Hilton about the geography and native peoples of the Cape Fear region, including a story of conflict between New Englanders and Cape Fear Indians. Includes historical commentary.
Format: book/primary source