K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

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From the education reference

English as a second language
Designation for students whose native language is not English or for programs designed to teach such students. As a method of instruction, ESL usually involves pulling students out of the regular classroom for English instruction.
English language learners
Students (in U.S. schools) whose native language is other than English working to master English. They may be immigrants or children born in the United States. Usually such students receive bilingual education or English as a second language services.
English language development
Curriculum of instruction for English language learners.
English as a foreign language
The study of English by non-native speakers or the teaching of English to such learners.
oral history
A method of collecting historical information through recorded interviews with individuals who are willing to share their memories of the past.
English-only movement
Movement to make English the only language used in U.S. public education. English-only proponents argue that bilingual education and bilingualism threaten a sense of national identity and create divisions along ethnic lines.
limited English proficiency
Term used to describe students limited in their ability to read, write, speak, and understand English.
whole language
Instructional philosophy that emphasizes reading for meaning and reading in context. Whole language instruction focuses on a variety of strategies (for example, open-ended questions, discussions) to facilitate students' meaningful interpretations of texts, and does not advocate breaking language study into isolated skill components as practiced in phonics instruction.
cognitive academic language proficiency
Academic language students experience in school. CALP develops over a five to seven year period in the language acquisition of English (or foreign) language learners.

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Rethinking Reports
Creative research-based assignments provide alternatives to the President Report, Animal Report, and Famous Person Report that ask students to think about old topics in new ways, work collaboratively, and develop products that support a variety of learning styles.
Format: series (multiple pages)
Where English and history meet: A collaboration guide
Strategically plan a collaborative unit and learn how to overcome those everyday obstacles that prevent success. This guide is accompanied by four lesson plans to help you put collaboration into practice.
Format: series (multiple pages)
CSI Dublin: The Hunt for the Irish Potato Killer
In these lesson plans, students will act as CSI agents investigating the mysterious pathogen that caused the massive potato crop failure and resultant Great Famine of 1845 in Ireland.
Format: lesson plan (multiple pages)
The Cherokee language and syllabary
In North Carolina in the New Nation, page 10.2
In the early nineteenth century, a Cherokee silversmith named Sequoyah invented a syllabary, or syllabic alphabet, for the Cherokee language. Within a few years, books and newspapers were printed in Cherokee, and by 1830, as many as 90 percent of Cherokee were literate in their own language. This article includes audio recordings of spoken Cherokee.
Format: article
Topography of North Carolina and its influence on settlement
This lesson explores where North Carolina is in relation to the United States and North America. Also, we will explore the different regions of North Carolina and how the topography of the region affected settlement.
Format: lesson plan (grade 8 English Language Development and Social Studies)
By Jessica Wilson and Tabitha Horton.
CareerStart lessons: Grade six
This collection of lessons aligns the sixth grade curriculum in math, science, English language arts, and social studies with potential career opportunities.
Format: (multiple pages)
CareerStart lessons: Grade seven
This collection of lessons aligns the seventh grade curriculum in math, science, English language arts, and social studies with potential career opportunities.
Format: (multiple pages)
Negro Baseball League
The Walking Classroom students discuss a summary of the history of the Negro Leagues, from conception to collapse. The students will hear another side of how segregation affected the American population from the 1800’s to the 1940’s and learn about the...
Format: audio/podcast
Benjamin Bannkeker comprehension quiz
Comprehension quiz to accompany The Walking Classroom Benjamin Banneker lesson.
Format: document/worksheet
North America
Discover Canada, Mexico, and Central America from this selection of great resources.
Format: bibliography/help
The Trail of Tears comprehension quiz
Comprehension quiz to accompany The Walking Classroom The Trail of Tears lesson plan.
Format: document/worksheet
Slavery in North Carolina
The resources on this page are designed to provide an opportunity for students to explore the history of slavery in North Carolina by reading slave narratives. Through these lessons, students will analyze the cultural background and the daily life of the authors of these narratives.
Format: lesson plan
African American English
In this activity, students learn about the history of African American English and the meaning of dialect and linguistic patterns. Students watch a video about African American English and analyze the dialect's linguistic patterns.
Format: lesson plan (grade 8 Social Studies)
By Hannah Askin.
The Trail of Tears
The Walking Classroom kids discuss the history of the Trail of Tears and its aftermath. Mrs. Fenn joins them to share a Cherokee story-tellers’ observations and to discuss why the Cherokee from North Carolina were not forced onto Indian Territory, but allowed...
Format: audio/podcast
What good is Beowulf?
High school students can follow the English language's evolution in Beowulf and The Canterbury Tales, and they can focus on words and their meaning as they compare translations.
By Jo Barbara Taylor.
The value of oral history
In Oral history in the classroom, page 1
Why use oral history with your students? Oral history has benefits that no other historical source provides.
Format: article
By Kathryn Walbert.
Southern women trailblazers
The resources on this page are designed to help educators teach about the changing role of women in American society, particularly in the south. By engaging in these activities, students will not only learn about women considered to be trailblazers in their time, but they will also think critically about traditional gender roles, women's roles in politics, academics, and professions, and the contributions of women to society.
Format: lesson plan
History of atomic theory
This lesson is developed for a regular low level physical science class. In small groups, students will use media and written script to learn and teach each other about major contributions to the development of the atomic theory.
Format: lesson plan (grade 9–12 English Language Development and Science)
By Anya Childs and Rhonda Garrett.
Week 6: Completing the invention
In Invention convention, page 16
In this Invention Convention lesson, students finish constructing their inventions.
Format: lesson plan
By Briana Corke Pelton.
Benjamin Banneker
The Walking Classroom kids discuss the famous inventor, scientist, astronomer, and writer, Benjamin Banneker. They discuss the challenges that he faced as a black man in the 1700’s. They also talk about his contributions to science and literature and the...
Format: audio/podcast