K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

LEARN NC was a program of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Education from 1997 – 2013. It provided lesson plans, professional development, and innovative web resources to support teachers, build community, and improve K-12 education in North Carolina. Learn NC is no longer supported by the School of Education – this is a historical archive of their website.

From the education reference

English language learners
Students (in U.S. schools) whose native language is other than English working to master English. They may be immigrants or children born in the United States. Usually such students receive bilingual education or English as a second language services.
English as a second language
Designation for students whose native language is not English or for programs designed to teach such students. As a method of instruction, ESL usually involves pulling students out of the regular classroom for English instruction.
English language development
Curriculum of instruction for English language learners.
English as a foreign language
The study of English by non-native speakers or the teaching of English to such learners.
English-only movement
Movement to make English the only language used in U.S. public education. English-only proponents argue that bilingual education and bilingualism threaten a sense of national identity and create divisions along ethnic lines.
limited English proficiency
Term used to describe students limited in their ability to read, write, speak, and understand English.
whole language
Instructional philosophy that emphasizes reading for meaning and reading in context. Whole language instruction focuses on a variety of strategies (for example, open-ended questions, discussions) to facilitate students' meaningful interpretations of texts, and does not advocate breaking language study into isolated skill components as practiced in phonics instruction.
cognitive academic language proficiency
Academic language students experience in school. CALP develops over a five to seven year period in the language acquisition of English (or foreign) language learners.

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LinguaFolio training modules
In these LinguaFolio training modules, learn to use this language portfolio tool to help students assess their language competencies, document their intercultural activities, and become reflective and autonomous in their language learning.
Format: book (multiple pages)
Reading comprehension and English language learners
Teaching reading comprehension and helping English language learners are the responsibility of every teacher, but they are also within the abilities of every teacher. These articles provide strategies for building content-area reading comprehension before, during, and after reading that can help English language learners — and all learners.
Format: series (multiple pages)
Invention convention
In this integrated unit, students will draw upon language arts, science, and math while inventing a magnetic or electric product. The lessons in this unit provide accommodations for English Language Learners at a variety of developmental levels.
Format: lesson plan (multiple pages)
Bridging Spanish language barriers in Southern schools
These articles provide background on Latino immigrants in North Carolina, administrative challenges in binational education, and strategies through which teachers can build on what Latino students bring to their classrooms to create a learning environment that meets the needs of all students.
Format: series (multiple pages)
About the English Language Development Standard Course of Study
An introduction to the North Carolina curriculum for English language learners, including an explanation of the domains and proficiency levels of language acquisition.
Format: article/help
English language learners
An introduction to LEARN NC's resources for teachers and administrators working with students with limited English proficiency.
Format: bibliography/help
Reaching every learner: Differentiating instruction in theory and practice
This series of articles, which balance theory, research, and practice, address a variety of topics within differentiation through text, graphics, and video.
Format: series (multiple pages)
CSI Dublin: The Hunt for the Irish Potato Killer
In these lesson plans, students will act as CSI agents investigating the mysterious pathogen that caused the massive potato crop failure and resultant Great Famine of 1845 in Ireland.
Format: lesson plan (multiple pages)
Differentiated instruction
An introduction to LEARN NC's resources for differentiating instruction for a variety of student populations.
Format: bibliography
Spanish-English picture dictionary
Developed by J. D. Alexander, this picture dictionary provides a quick reference and communication tool for teachers greeting immigrant children who speak little English. Each page includes a clear photograph or illustration captioned in both English and Spanish....
Format: document/book
Mission possible: Classroom teachers effectively teaching English Language Learners
Do you ever wish your district would hire more ESL teachers? Wish you could get your regular classroom teachers certified in ESL? Have you wondered what part you have in effectively reaching English Language Learners? This mission (online professional development course) is designed for you!
Format: article/online course
Understanding the WIDA English Language Proficiency Standards
The NC English Language Proficiency Standard Course of Study is the World-Class Instructional Design and Assessment (WIDA) English Language Proficiency Standards [approved by the State Board of Education June 5, 2008]. These standards are K-12. English...
Format: document/policy
Lesson planning for English Language Learners using the WIDA/ELP Standards
This course provides ESL and regular K-12 classroom teachers an opportunity to plan lessons using the new NC Standard Course of Study for Limited English Proficient students known as the WIDA/ELP Standards.
Format: article/online course
LEP Training 102
This course will prepare you as you take on the role of a Limited English Proficiency (LEP) Coordinator or ESL Teacher. You may be a new ESL teacher or have been assigned the role of a LEP Coordinator without receiving any training.
Format: article/online course
English language learners and special education testing
In Bridging Spanish language barriers in Southern schools, page 3.4
English language learners are often incorrectly labeled with learning disabilities because of inffective diagnostic tests. A more effective model of testing and instruction would be based upon the educational concepts of scaffolding instruction and the Zone of Proximal Development.
Format: article
By Mary Faith Mount-Cors.
Week 5: Constructing the invention
In Invention convention, page 12
In this Invention Convention lesson, students will construct their inventions using the designs from their invention logs.
Format: lesson plan
By Briana Corke Pelton.
Assessing reading comprehension with English language learners
In Reading comprehension and English language learners, page 3
Strategies such as flow charts can help you assess reading comprehension for English language learners, content-area learners, and all students.
Format: article
By Ellen Douglas.
Week 5: Conclusion paragraphs
In Invention convention, page 15
In this Invention Convention lesson, students will write convincing conclusions.
Format: lesson plan (grade 4 English Language Arts)
By Briana Corke Pelton.
Week 3: Estimating material cost
In Invention convention, page 8
In this Invention Convention lesson, students will compile a list of needed materials to create their inventions. They will also calculate the cost to build their invention using mental estimation, computation, and calculators.
Format: lesson plan (grade 4 English Language Arts and Mathematics)
By Briana Corke Pelton.
Who Moved My Cheese? for Teens
Students read, discuss, and write about Who Moved My Cheese? for Teens by Spencer Johnson, M.D., a parable about life's changes, and how best to benefit from them. By reading the parable, students will learn ways to react positively to inevitable change, and gain insight into their personal decision-making processes regarding changes in their lives, now and in the future. This lesson plan is modified for Advanced English Language Learners in the 9th and 10th grades. It is written for 45 minute class periods, but can be modified for 90 minute block classes.
Format: lesson plan (grade 9–10 English Language Arts and English Language Development)
By Ann Gerber.