K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

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Graphic organizer: From Caledonia to Carolina
Graphic organizer designed to aid students' comprehension as they read an article about the immigration of Highland Scots to North Carolina in the colonial era.
Format: chart/lesson plan (grade 8 Social Studies)
By Pauline S. Johnson.
The Grandfather Mountain Highland Games
In Postwar North Carolina, page 2.7
The first annual Highland Games were held at Grandfather Mountain in 1956, with performances of Scottish songs and dances and to watch athletic events including foot races, wrestling, and the traditional caber toss. The Highland Games have since become the largest event of its kind in the country.
Format: article
The Mill Prong House
This historic home was restored in 1993 and was built by John Gilchrist, an important political and social leader in this area in 1802.
Format: article/field trip opportunity
From Caledonia to Carolina: The Highland Scots
In Colonial North Carolina, page 5.5
Many Scots immigrated to North Carolina due to growing population, changing methods of farming, and the defeat of the Highland Scots by English and Scottish forces in 1746. The first organized settlement of Highland Scots was in Cumberland County, where 350 people moved to in 1739.
Format: article
By Kathryn Beach.
Scottish heritage at Linville
In Postwar North Carolina, page 2.12
A Scottish heritage revival took place in North Carolina in the 1950s, with Linville as its epicenter.
Format: essay
By Celeste Ray.
The Scottish Heritage Center
The earliest settlers of Scotland County were Highland Scots. The Scottish Heritage Center celebrates the music, history, and culture of these ancestors.
Format: article/field trip opportunity
The Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge
In Revolutionary North Carolina, page 3.7
In February 1776, Patriot militia companies fought an army of Loyalists, mainly Scottish Highlanders, at Moore's Creek Bridge near Wilmington, North Carolina. The Patriot victory convinced colonial leaders to push for independence.
Format: article
Revolutionary North Carolina
Primary sources and readings explore North Carolina in the era of the American Revolution. Topics include the Regulators, the resistance to Great Britain, the War for Indpendence, and the creation of new governments.
Format: book (multiple pages)
Colonial North Carolina
Colonial North Carolina from the establishment of the Carolina in 1663 to the eve of the American Revolution in 1763. Compares the original vision for the colony with the way it actually developed. Covers the people who settled North Carolina; the growth of institutions, trade, and slavery; the impact of colonization on American Indians; and significant events such as Culpeper's Rebellion, the Tuscarora War, and the French and Indian Wars.
Format: book (multiple pages)
The Southern Campaign
In Revolutionary North Carolina, page 5.2
In 1780 and 1781, the War of American Independence was fought largely in the South, not only between the British and Continental armies but between Patriot and Loyalist militias and between neighbors. A series of bloody battles ended in General Lord Cornwallis' surrender at Yorktown in September 1781, effectively ending the war.
Format: article
"Home folks and neighbor people"
In North Carolina in the early 20th century, page 6.4
This page is an excerpt from Horace Kephart's book Our Southern Highlanders, about the relationships between the people of the North Carolina mountains and their natural environment. Includes historical background and commentary.
Format: book/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.