K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

LEARN NC was a program of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Education from 1997 – 2013. It provided lesson plans, professional development, and innovative web resources to support teachers, build community, and improve K-12 education in North Carolina. Learn NC is no longer supported by the School of Education – this is a historical archive of their website.

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David Fanning and the Tory War of 1781
In Revolutionary North Carolina, page 5.10
During the American Revolution, Patriots and Loyalists fought in the North Carolina backcountry. In 1781, David Fanning, commanding the Loyalist forces of five counties, terrorized residents of the Piedmont.
Format: article
Historic Moores Creek Bridge at the Moores Creek National Battlefield
Historic Moores Creek Bridge at the Moores Creek National Battlefield
This is the historic Moores Creek Bridge at the Moores Creek National Battlefield in Pender County, North Carolina. This was the site of a Patriot Victory over the Loyalists at the Battle of Moores Creek Bridge. The Patriots removed the planks of the bridge...
Format: image/photograph
Moores Creek National Battlefield
This national park commemorates the decisive February 27, 1776 victory by 1,000 Patriots over 1,600 Loyalists at the Battle of Moores Creek Bridge.
Format: article/field trip opportunity
The Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge
In Revolutionary North Carolina, page 3.7
In February 1776, Patriot militia companies fought an army of Loyalists, mainly Scottish Highlanders, at Moore's Creek Bridge near Wilmington, North Carolina. The Patriot victory convinced colonial leaders to push for independence.
Format: article
The Battle of Kings Mountain
In Revolutionary North Carolina, page 5.3
At the Battle of King's Mountain, fought in October 1780 in South Carolina, Patriot militias defeated Loyalists under the command of a British Army officer.
Revolutionary North Carolina
Primary sources and readings explore North Carolina in the era of the American Revolution. Topics include the Regulators, the resistance to Great Britain, the War for Indpendence, and the creation of new governments.
Format: book (multiple pages)
Residents of the backcountry proclaim their loyalty
In Revolutionary North Carolina, page 2.10
Petition from residents of Rowan and Surry counties, North Carolina, to Governor Josiah Martin, 1775, proclaiming their opposition to Revolutionary activity and their loyalty to the king. Includes historical commentary.
Format: letter/primary source
A petition to protect families of Loyalists
In Revolutionary North Carolina, page 5.11
During the American Revolution, the British Army occupied Wilmington, North Carolina, and forced the families of Patriot leaders to leave the city. When the Americans retook the city in 1782, they retaliated by evicting the families of Loyalists. Twenty-one Patriot women who had themselves been evicted protested the similar treatment of their neighbors. Primary source includes historical commentary.
Format: petition/primary source
Creed of a Rioter
In Revolutionary North Carolina, page 3.13
During the American Revolution, Patriots who supported the war and independence committed frequent acts of violence against Loyalists and suspected Loyalists. This satirical essay was written in 1776 by an anonymous North Carolina Patriot disturbed by the extent of the violence.
Format: essay/primary source
Timeline of the Revolution, 1780–1783
In Revolutionary North Carolina, page 5.1
Timeline of events of the American Revolution from the beginning of the Southern Campaign in 1780 to the 1783 Treaty of Paris that ended the war.
Format: article
Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail
This historic trail, part of the National Trails System, tracks the route of Patriot militia men to the Battle of Kings Mountain.
Format: article/field trip opportunity
Which side to take: Revolutionary or loyalist?
In Revolutionary North Carolina, page 3.2
During the American Revolution, people living in the American colonies had to choose whether to support the British government or fight for independence. There were many different reasons why colonists chose to be revolutionaries or loyalists. The story of Connor Dowd illustrates that the decision was often complicated.
Format: article
By Carole Watterson Troxler.
Kings Mountain National Military Park
This national park, located just over the North Carolina-South Carolina state line in Blacksburg, South Carolina, has a video in the museum/visitors center, and battlefield trails.
Format: article/field trip opportunity
The Overmountain Men and the Battle of Kings Mountain
In Revolutionary North Carolina, page 5.4
In October 1780, in response to a British threat in the Carolina backcountry, Patriot militias gathered in the mountains of present-day North Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia. They marched southeast to a site near present-day Morganton, joined forces, and proceeded to defeat Loyalist militias at the Battle of King's Mountain in South Carolina. The battle helped turn the tide of the war for independence.
Format: article
By Randell Jones.
Propaganda war: Patriots vs. Loyalists
In CareerStart lessons: Grade eight, page 6.3
In this lesson plan for grade eight, students adopt the role of a Patriot or Loyalist during the American Revolution. Students create advertisements to persuade others to join their side.
Format: lesson plan
By Andrea Stewart, Keisha Gabriel, and Patty Grant.
"The difference is about our land": Cherokees and Catawbas
In Revolutionary North Carolina, page 4.1
During the American Revolution, American Indians living in North Carolina had to choose whether to support England or the colonists. While different groups of Indians made different decisions, most made their choices based on how they thought they could best protect their lands.
Format: article
By Jim L. Sumner.
An authentick relation of the Battle of Alamance
In Revolutionary North Carolina, page 1.11
Contemporary newspaper account of the Battle of Alamance, fought between Regulators and militia led by Governor William Tryon on May 16, 1771. Includes historical commentary.
Format: newspaper/primary source
From Caledonia to Carolina: The Highland Scots
In Colonial North Carolina, page 5.5
Many Scots immigrated to North Carolina due to growing population, changing methods of farming, and the defeat of the Highland Scots by English and Scottish forces in 1746. The first organized settlement of Highland Scots was in Cumberland County, where 350 people moved to in 1739.
Format: article
By Kathryn Beach.
"Liberty to slaves": The black response
In Revolutionary North Carolina, page 3.4
During the American Revolution, some black people living in the colonies fought for the British and some fought for the revolutionaries. Their actions during the war were often decided by what they believed would best help them throw off the shackles of slavery. Most believed that victory by the British would bring an end to their enslavement.
Format: article
By Jeffrey J. Crow.
The Southern Campaign
In Revolutionary North Carolina, page 5.2
In 1780 and 1781, the War of American Independence was fought largely in the South, not only between the British and Continental armies but between Patriot and Loyalist militias and between neighbors. A series of bloody battles ended in General Lord Cornwallis' surrender at Yorktown in September 1781, effectively ending the war.
Format: article