K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

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Discovery of the Mississippi
Discovery of the Mississippi
William H. Powell's painting, Discovery of the Mississippi, depicts Hernando de Soto's encounter with the Mississippi River in 1541. De Soto was the first European to view the river. In the painting, de Soto appears in armor on a white horse,...
Format: image/painting
The Louisiana Purchase
In North Carolina in the New Nation, page 8.2
Since 1762, Spain had owned Louisiana, the vast territory between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains. When France acquired the territory in 1802, President Thomas Jefferson offered to buy New Orleans to ensure U.S. access to trade on the Mississippi. When Napoleon offered the entire territory for $15 million, Jefferson accepted.
Format: article
The Proclamation Line of 1763
The Proclamation Line of 1763
In the Treaty of Paris (1763) that ended the Seven Years War, Britain gained all of Canada as well as the territory north of New Orleans, Louisiana, and between the Eastern Great Divide and the Mississippi River. France, which was forced to cede this territory,...
Format: image/map
North and South in 1861
In North Carolina in the Civil War and Reconstruction, page 2.1
A comparison of the two sides at the beginning of the Civil War, focusing on their preparedness for war.
Format: book
The Indian Removal Act of 1830
In North Carolina in the New Nation, page 10.5
Act of Congress, passed in 1830, authorizing President Andrew Jackson to transfer Eastern Indian tribes to the territories west of the Mississippi River. Includes historical commentary.
Format: legislation/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by Kathryn Walbert, L. Maren Wood, and David Walbert.
1765 map of North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia
1765 map of North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia
This 1765 map depicts the southeastern colonies from southern Virginia to northern Florida (which was, at the time, East and West Florida.) When this map was drawn, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia extended as far west as the Mississippi River....
Format: image/map
Summit of Mount Mitchell
Summit of Mount Mitchell
In this photograph taken at Mount Mitchell State Park, N.C., the summit of Mount Mitchell appears in the background behind a stand of Fraser firs. At the time this photo was taken, the observation tower at the top of Mount Mitchell was under construction....
Format: image/photograph
View from Black Mountain ridge
View from Black Mountain ridge
Photograph from the top of a ridge in the Black Mountains, taken at Mount Mitchell State Park. The Black Mountains — the highest mountains east of the Mississippi River — are part of the Blue Ridge mountain chain, and are a subrange of the Appalachians....
Format: image/photograph
Elisha Mitchell and his mountain
In North Carolina in the New Nation, page 7.4
Elisha Mitchell, a professor at the University of North Carolina, demonstrated that the mountain in the Black Mountain range that now bears his name was the tallest in eastern North America. Thomas Clingman disagreed, and the two men waged a battle in newspapers. After Mitchell's death, the U.S. Geological Survey confirmed his discovery.
Format: article
De Soto in America
In Two worlds: Educator's guide, page 3.4
In this lesson for grades 5-8, students will evaluate the effectiveness of the De Soto expedition through the interior of the southeastern United States in the years 1539-1543. They will examine the impact of that trip on the Native Americans. Students will engage in historical empathy as they put themselves in the place of the Native Americans and the Spanish soldiers who encountered them on the expedition.
Format: lesson plan
By Pauline S. Johnson.
Bronze plaque honoring Elisha Mitchell
Bronze plaque honoring Elisha Mitchell
Plaque honoring Elisha Mitchell, for whom Mt. Mitchell in North Carolina is named. Elisha Mitchell measured the height of the mountain — the highest point east of the Mississippi River — in 1835. A 12-foot tall bronze monument was placed on the...
Format: image/photograph
The Walton War
In North Carolina in the New Nation, page 1.6
Poor and inaccurate surveying led to border disputes between North Carolina and its neighbors. In December 1804, a battle was fought over an area claimed by both North Carolina and Georgia.
Format: article
The Civil War: From Bull Run to Appomattox
In North Carolina in the Civil War and Reconstruction, page 2.3
Summary of military and political action in the U.S. Civil War, 1861–1865.
Format: article
Setting up a plantation
In Antebellum North Carolina, page 2.14
Excerpts from the papers of Paul Cameron, detailing the costs of setting up a new plantation in Greene County, Alabama. Includes historical commentary.
Format: document/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
Two worlds: Educator's guide
Lesson plans and activities to be used with "Two Worlds: Prehistory, Contact, and the Lost Colony" -- the first part of a North Carolina history textbook for secondary students.
Format: book (multiple pages)
The Trail of Tears
In The Walking Classroom, page 11
In this lesson for fifth grade language arts and social studies, the Walking Classroom kids discuss the history of the Trail of Tears and its aftermath.
Format: lesson plan
Mount Mitchell ridge line
Mount Mitchell ridge line
This photograph, taken at Mount Mitchell State Park, N.C., shows the peaks in the Black Mountain range north of Mount Mitchell. The Black Mountains are the highest range east of the Mississippi River, with Mount Mitchell claiming the title of the highest peak...
Format: image/photograph
Timeline of the Civil War, July 1861-July 1864
In North Carolina in the Civil War and Reconstruction, page 2.2
Timeline of events from the First Battle of Bull Run to the summer of 1864.
Format: timeline
Understanding floods
In Recent North Carolina, page 5.4
Article explains the science behind flooding, including the various types of floods and why certain areas are at high risk of flooding.
Format: article
The shoreline, shore zone, and beach
In Coastal processes and conflicts: North Carolina's Outer Banks, page 1.11
This lesson is part of chapter one of the unit "Coastal processes and conflicts: North Carolina's Outer Banks." Students learn about shore zones and shorelines. Additionally, they learn what factors influence the development of a beach and they ways in which beaches can differ.
Format: lesson plan (grade 8–12 Science)
By Stanley R. Riggs, Dorothea Ames, and Karen Dawkins.