K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

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From the education reference

North Carolina thinking skills
Model of thinking skills adopted by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction in 1994. Lists seven levels of thinking skills from simplest to most complex: knowledge, organizing, applying, analyzing, generating, integrating, and evaluating.
North Carolina Department of Public Instruction
The North Carolina Department of Public Instruction administers the policies adopted by the State Board of Education and offers instructional, financial, technological, and personnel support to all public school systems in the state.

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Overwash fan on Topsail Beach
In Small sand volume barrier islands: Environmental processes and development risks, page 10
Figure 8 shows an extensive overwash fan located behind the main road to North Topsail Beach. The sand that forms this feature was brought here during Hurricane Fran. It has increased the elevation of this back beach area, but only as a result of the flattening...
By Dirk Frankenberg.
North Topsail Beach
In Small sand volume barrier islands: Environmental processes and development risks, page 9
Figure 7 begins our tour of North Topsail Beach, a developed, low sand volume area of Topsail Island. The photograph shows the same flat topography that we saw on Masonboro, but this time there is a condominium complex right on the berm. The flat dunefield...
By Dirk Frankenberg.
Masonboro Island
In Small sand volume barrier islands: Environmental processes and development risks, page 3
The two islands visited on this trip, Masonboro and Topsail, have very low sand volumes. Masonboro Island is a part of the National Research Reserve system and is completely undeveloped. Topsail Island has been developed for residential use and has the roads,...
By Dirk Frankenberg.
Beachfront mansion
In Small sand volume barrier islands: Environmental processes and development risks, page 15
Figure 13 shows a recently built beachfront mansion on the even more recently flattened topography of North Topsail. Note the tilted beach access steps indicative of damage from Hurricanes Dennis and/or Floyd in 1999. Note also the corner iron for the lot...
By Dirk Frankenberg.
Sunrise at Topsail Beach, North Carolina
Sunrise at Topsail Beach, North Carolina
This is a brilliant sunrise at Topsail Beach, North Carolina. A cusp of tide ripples the ocean.
Format: image/photograph
Small sand volume barrier islands: Environmental processes and development risks
This Carolina Environmental Diversity Explorations “virtual field trip” explores the nature and structure of barrier islands with small sand volume, on which built structures are highly susceptible to damage from hurricanes.
Format: slideshow (multiple pages)
Beach erosion
In Small sand volume barrier islands: Environmental processes and development risks, page 16
Figure 14 shows how beach erosion has undermined the deck and foundations of the houses in the foreground and apparently has threatened to do the same in the multifamily dwelling behind them. Note the remnants of an earlier dune on the right, and the roadway...
By Dirk Frankenberg.
North Topsail Beach
North Topsail Beach
Format: image/photograph
Cloud-shrouded sunrise over Topsail Beach, North Carolina
Cloud-shrouded sunrise over Topsail Beach, North Carolina
This is a cloud-shrouded sunrise over Topsail Beach, located in Pender County, North Carolina.
Format: image/photograph
Ecological Marine Adventres (EMA) Children's Aquarium
This marine education center at Topsail Beach specializes in hands-on, in-the-field education adventures for children and families.
Format: article/field trip opportunity
Seascape of waves at Topsail Beach, North Carolina
Seascape of waves at Topsail Beach, North Carolina
This is a roiling seascape of deep green waves as seen at Topsail Beach in Pender County, North Carolina.
Format: image/photograph
Hurricane overwash fan and houses
In Hurricanes on sandy shorelines: Lessons for development, page 15
Figure 12 shows some of the sand that was washed off the beach on Oak Island by Floyd. As we saw in the photos of Masonboro and Topsail Islands shown in Figures 6 and 7, some of Oak Island's beach sand ended up in an overwash fan landward of the original dune...
By Dirk Frankenberg.
The Topsail Island Museum, Missiles and More
Displays showing the history of the Navy test missile site of the 1940s, artifacts of Native Americans found on the island, and exhibits of colonial era pirates can be found at the Topsail Island Museum.
Format: article/field trip opportunity
Hurricane Floyd overwash
In Small sand volume barrier islands: Environmental processes and development risks, page 12
Figure 10 shows the result of an overwash event from Hurricane Floyd in 1999. The pile of vegetation and road tar in the right foreground is evidence of the destruction of a previously existing dune and parking area. In the middle distance we can see the beach...
By Dirk Frankenberg.
Small and large sand volume barrier islands
In Small sand volume barrier islands: Environmental processes and development risks, page 1
Barrier islands are the dominant geographic feature of sandy coastlines, but recurring storm damage on some demonstrates that different barrier islands present very different levels of risk to residential development. One of the best indicators of development...
By Dirk Frankenberg.
Rebuilding dunes
In Small sand volume barrier islands: Environmental processes and development risks, page 14
Figure 12 shows new dunes built to provide protection from the next storm's overwash. The sand for this construction has been scraped off roads and overwash fans further back on the island. It has been cleaned of debris by passing it through a slatted steel...
By Dirk Frankenberg.
Undeveloped sand ridge
In Small sand volume barrier islands: Environmental processes and development risks, page 17
Figure 15 shows an undeveloped sand ridge in the salt marsh behind Topsail Beach. As you can see, these ridges are not much above sea level, but the presence of live oak trees shows that the areas are not flooded frequently. However, there most assuredly are...
By Dirk Frankenberg.
Small and large sand volume islands
In Large sand volume barrier islands: Environmental processes and development risks, page 1
This field trip follows another in this series, Small Sand Volume Islands. Readers should plan to take these trips sequentially, to compare the two types of islands. The thesis of both trips is that the volume of sand that comprises...
By Dirk Frankenberg.
Beach Erosion
Beach Erosion
Format: image/photograph
Bogue Inlet
In Large sand volume barrier islands: Environmental processes and development risks, page 10
Figure 9 shows the Bear Island beach near Bogue Inlet. This area appears as a white band in the right middle distance in Figure 8. Note the almost continuous maritime grassland in the foreground and bare sand stretching back into the salt marsh on the shore...
By Dirk Frankenberg.