K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

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French colonization and Vietnam wars
Photographs and text tell the story of Vietnam under French colonial rule, its experience during twentieth-century wars with France and the United States, and its recent liberalization.
Format: slideshow (multiple pages)
Vietnam Veterans Memorial Park
A memorial honoring North Carolinians who were killed in the Vietnam War. Each name is engraved in a free-standing monolith in a 230-foot wide basin scooped out of the earth.
Format: article/field trip opportunity
Contemporary life in Vietnam
Photographs and text describe contemporary life in Vietnam and the impact of economic and social reforms since the 1980s.
Format: slideshow (multiple pages)
Northern and coastal Vietnam: Waterway settlements and Chinese influences
Photographs and text tell the story of fishing, trade, and Chinese influence on the history and culture of Vietnam.
Format: slideshow (multiple pages)
National borders
In French colonization and Vietnam wars, page 6
Some Vietnamese Communists today point to early anti-French communist groups that emerged in North Vietnam in the 1930s, but no serious nationalist or communist movements emerged before World War II. The Japanese invaded French Indochina in 1940 and, as everywhere,...
East from India: Cambodia and Southern Vietnam
Photographs and text tell the story of the Cham and Khmer cultures of southern Vietnam and Cambodia, including a look at Angkor Wat and other great temples and cities.
Format: slideshow (multiple pages)
French Indochina
In French colonization and Vietnam wars, page 1
The current national borders of Southeast Asia were not established until after World War II. What is now northern Vietnam was ruled by China for more than a thousand years, between the second century BCE and...
By Lorraine Aragon.
Rice farming and rural life in Vietnam
Photographs and text tell the story of rice and rural life in Southeast Asia, with an emphasis on the highlanders, or Montagnards.
Format: slideshow (multiple pages)
National dress
In French colonization and Vietnam wars, page 5
Vietnamese national women's dress includes a long, high-necked silk tunic that is slit at the sides to the waist. Here the solid-color, pastel tunics are worn over matching full-length skirts, common to northern Vietnam, but they also are worn over white or...
By Lorraine Aragon.
Montagnards
In Rice farming and rural life in Vietnam, page 13
The region around Mai Chau is home to ethnic minorities sometimes known in Vietnam as “hill tribes” or Montagnards (“mountain people”). In this part of northern Vietnam, the highland minority groups are mostly speakers of Tai languages,...
By Lorraine Aragon.
A soldier's experience in Vietnam: Robert L. Jones
In Postwar North Carolina, page 7.7
Oral history interview with a North Carolina veteran of the Vietnam War. Jones discusses how his time in Vietnam left him with self-doubt and confusion about who he was as a person.
Format: interview/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
Flag of Vietnam
Flag of Vietnam
The National flag of the Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, bears a yellow five-point star on a red field. This flag was adopted as the National flag of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) on November 30, 1955. It became...
Format: image/illustration
Defoliation
In French colonization and Vietnam wars, page 11
During the Vietnam War, much of the region's dense forest and human settlements were destroyed by U.S. bombings and defoliation campaigns. Defoliants, including “Agent Orange,” were combinations of herbicides intended to kill trees and other plants...
By Lorraine Aragon.
The Demilitarized Zone
In French colonization and Vietnam wars, page 10
The Demilitarized Zone, or DMZ, was established when Vietnam was divided in 1954 into North and South. The DMZ was roughly a mile wide and more than 100 km (60 miles) long, from the western border with Laos to the ocean. The division...
By Lorraine Aragon.
An ancient Hindu kingdom
In East from India: Cambodia and Southern Vietnam, page 1
This damaged brick and stone Cham tower stands overgrown by vegetation in a rural area south of Hai An, Vietnam. Tall arched forms are characteristic of these monuments built by ethnic Chams between the seventh and twelfth century
By Lorraine Aragon.
War tourism
In French colonization and Vietnam wars, page 17
At two sites in Cu Chi, about 45 miles northwest of Ho Chi Minh City, the tunnels dug by Communist guerillas have been restored and are open for visitors. Tourists can enter some of the tunnels and examine supply storage areas as well as false entrances created...
By Lorraine Aragon.
Cash crops
In Contemporary life in Vietnam, page 11
Black pepper, used in most of the cuisines of Europe and Asia, is made from the dried, unripe green berries of the Piper nigrum vine. The green berries are cooked briefly before drying to produce black peppercorns. A valuable spice crop...
By Lorraine Aragon.
Underground resistance
In French colonization and Vietnam wars, page 12
When U.S. forces could not control the tunnel areas effectively with ground troops, they dropped bombs on the area, seriously damaging the tunnel network and surrounding land. At two sites in Cu Chi, about 45 miles northwest of Ho Chi Minh City, the tunnels...
By Lorraine Aragon.
A soldier's experience in Vietnam: Herbert Rhodes
In Postwar North Carolina, page 7.4
In North Carolina History: A Sampler, page 5.7
Oral history interview with a North Carolina veteran of the Vietnam War. Rhodes describes his interactions with South Vietnamese civilians, and what he believes was the purpose behind the war.
Format: interview/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
Fertile soils
In Rice farming and rural life in Vietnam, page 2
This view from an airplane shows where the Mekong River joins Tonlé Sap Lake near Siem Reap in Cambodia. The waterways of the Mekong are the region's primary conduit for local trade and transportation. The Mekong River flows approximately 2,800 miles from...
By Lorraine Aragon.