K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

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From the education reference

cognitive intervention
Cognitive intervention is any intervention that can be used to help children and adults with cognitive impairments. Interventions help with the development of cognitive and meta-cognitive abilities.
cognitive academic language proficiency
Academic language students experience in school. CALP develops over a five to seven year period in the language acquisition of English (or foreign) language learners.
blended learning
A student-centered approach to creating a learning experience whereby the learner interacts with other students, with the instructor, and with content through thoughtful integration of online and face-to-face environments.
learning disability
A discrepancy between expected achievement and observed achievement, also known as "unexpected underachievement."
learning contract
An agreement between a teacher and a student regarding how that student will achieve specified learning goals or objectives.
collaborative learning
An umbrella term for the variety of approaches and models in education that involve the shared intellectual efforts by students working in small groups to accomplish a goal or complete a task.
cooperative learning
Instructional method in which students work together in small, heterogeneous groups to complete a problem, project, or other instructional goal, while teachers act as guides or facilitators. This method works to reinforce a student’s own learning as well as the learning of his or her fellow group members.
service learning
Intentional combination of community service objectives and learning opportunities that benefits both the recipient and provider of the service. Student service learning projects should be structured to link learning tasks to self-reflection so that they enrich learning, strengthen communities, and teach civic responsibility.
discovery learning
Learning that takes place, not through instruction, but through examination, analysis, or experimentation.
project-based learning
Teaching approach that engages students in sustained, collaborative real-world investigations. Projects are organized around a driving question, and students participate in a variety of tasks that seek to meaningfully address this question.
Dimensions of Learning model
Model of learning developed by Marzano et al (1988) that links content area knowledge, metacognition, and critical and creative thinking with a taxonomy of thinking skills and thinking processes.
digital game-based learning
Instructional method that incorporates educational content or learning principles into video games with the goal of engaging learners. Applications of digital game-based learning draw upon the constructivist theory of education.
problem-based learning
Model of instruction in which the teacher poses an authentic problem for student resolution. PBL may be one among many strategies in a classroom or an entire curricular and instructional approach. In the course of problem-solving, students work cooperatively in groups to learn content and skills related to real world problems. The teacher acts as a facilitator to learning.

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Discovery learning
This reference article explains the theory of discovery learning and discusses its history and its use in the classroom.
Format: article
By Heather Coffey.
Bloom's Taxonomy
Bloom's Taxonomy is a classification system developed in 1956 by education psychologist Benjamin Bloom to categorize intellectual skills and behavior important to learning. Bloom identified six cognitive levels: knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis,...
Format: article
By Heather Coffey.
Project-based learning
Project-based learning is a teaching approach that engages students in sustained, collaborative real-world investigations. Projects are organized around a driving question, and students participate in a variety of tasks that seek to meaningfully address this...
Format: article
By Heather Coffey.
Zone of proximal development
This article explores the history and theory of the concept of the zone of proximal development and discusses its application in the classroom.
Format: article
By Heather Coffey.
Teaching deaf students in the inclusive classroom: Part 1
This video uses expert interviews and classroom footage to explore some of the conditions that lead to a deaf student's success in an inclusive setting. Topics include the importance of teacher expectations, the role of family background, myths about deafness,...
Format: video
Experiential education
This article explains the history and theory of experiential education, which combines active learning with concrete experiences, abstract concepts, and reflection in an effort to engage all learning styles.
Format: article
By Heather Coffey.
Discovery Place KIDS—Huntersville
This innovative children’s museum in the Lake Norman area of North Carolina sparks imagination and learning through play for children from birth—age seven.
Format: article/field trip opportunity
Can Americans define the term "learning disability?"
This article examines the statistics surrounding what Americans know — and don't know — about learning disabilities. The results highlight the necessity of educating parents and teachers more comprehensively about learning disabilities and what causes them.
Format: article
By Jennifer Job.
Why problem-centered learning?
The world our students will live and work in will require them to gather, organize, and interpret data in the process of finding solutions to complex problems. Problem-centered learning creates a model where the student becomes the thinker.
Format: article
By Mike Kestner.
Learning progressions
In Math Common Core resources, page 1.2
In describing the development of the standards, William McCallum, Math Team Coordinator for the Standards, says: The Common Core State Standards in mathematics were built on progressions: narrative documents describing the progression of a topic...
Format: bibliography
By Kay Middleton.
"Do Spiders Live on the World Wide Web?"
Through use of a fun and informative online story, students will explore the parts of the computer, as well as discover that words have multiple meanings.
Format: lesson plan (grade K Computer/Technology Skills, English Language Arts, and Information Skills)
Deafness, language, and literacy
Through expert interviews and classroom footage, this video discusses the role deafness plays in a student’s development of language, and how this affects the way a deaf student may write and speak. Includes an explanation of visual phonics -- a tool that...
Format: video/video
Assessment
In Math Common Core resources, page 1.3
Five state-managed assessment consortia were awarded grants by the U. S. Department of Education in 2010 and 2011. The two Comprehensive Assessment consortia, two Alternative Assessment consortia, and one English Proficiency Assessment consortium are currently...
Format: bibliography
By Kay Middleton.
Topics in Education
In Preservice teacher education resources, page 1.1
Building a Firm Foundation New Teacher Support Essays on Kristi Johnson Smith’s...
Format: article/teacher's guide
Topics in Education
In Preservice teacher education resources, page 2.1
Building a Firm Foundation New Teacher Support Essays on Kristi Johnson Smith’s...
Format: article/teacher's guide
Topics in Education
In Preservice teacher education resources, page 3.1
Building a Firm Foundation New Teacher Support Essays on Kristi Johnson Smith’s...
Format: article/teacher's guide
Topics in Education
In Preservice teacher education resources, page 4.1
Building a Firm Foundation New Teacher Support Essays on Kristi Johnson Smith’s...
Format: article/learner's guide
Interdisciplinary teaching
This education reference article explains the concept of interdisciplinary teaching and discusses considerations for developing interdisciplinary curriculum.
Format: article
By Heather Coffey.
The importance of collaboration
The success of a deaf student in an inclusive classroom is dependent upon the contributions of a number of people, including the classroom teacher, the student, the teacher of the deaf, the student’s family members, school administrators, and the interpreter....
Format: video/video
Teaching deaf students in the inclusive classroom: Part 1
This video uses expert interviews and classroom footage to explore some of the conditions that lead to a deaf student's success in an inclusive setting. Topics include the importance of teacher expectations, the role of family background, myths about deafness,...
Format: video/video