K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education


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From the education reference

didactic instruction
Teacher-centered method of instruction in which teachers deliver and students receive lessons, best suited to brief delivery of factual information.
direct instruction
Teacher-centered instruction with methods that include scripted lesson plans, teacher lectures and presentations and student recitation, fast-paced delivery, careful attention to components of skill development, intense teacher-student and student-student interactions, homogenous skill grouping, and frequent assessments.
tiered instruction
Teaching or applying the same Standard Course of Study objective in up to three ways to meet the needs of students at three levels of preparation: 1) students not yet ready for that grade level’s instruction, 2) students just ready, and 3) students ready to go beyond.
sheltered instruction
An approach to teach language to English language learners by modifying the core curriculum to meet the language needs of those learners. Academic subjects are taught using English along with supplementary aids such as graphs, models, hands-on materials, and visual aids. Used mostly in classes comprised solely with English language learners.
North Carolina Department of Public Instruction
The North Carolina Department of Public Instruction administers the policies adopted by the State Board of Education and offers instructional, financial, technological, and personnel support to all public school systems in the state.

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Reaching every learner: Differentiating instruction in theory and practice
This series of articles, which balance theory, research, and practice, address a variety of topics within differentiation through text, graphics, and video.
Format: series (multiple pages)
Reading comprehension and English language learners
Teaching reading comprehension and helping English language learners are the responsibility of every teacher, but they are also within the abilities of every teacher. These articles provide strategies for building content-area reading comprehension before, during, and after reading that can help English language learners — and all learners.
Format: series (multiple pages)
Differentiation is the practice of tailoring instruction to diverse learners based on student readiness, interest, and learning styles. This article discusses the four areas in which teachers can differentiate instruction and includes links to resources that support differentiation.
Format: article
By Jennifer Job.
How does tiering benefit teachers?
In this video, teachers at Raleigh's Baileywick Road Elementary School discuss how creating tiered assignments has benefited them as teachers. Includes classroom footage. This video is one in a four-part series about tiering. The other videos include: ...
Format: video/video
How to implement tiering
In this video, classroom footage and teacher interviews emphasize important points in adopting tiered assignments. This video is one in a four-part series about tiering. The other videos include: What...
Format: video/video
Differentiated instruction
An introduction to LEARN NC's resources for differentiating instruction for a variety of student populations.
Format: bibliography
What is tiering?
In this video, teacher interviews and classroom footage explore the practice of creating tiered assignments. This video is one in a four-part series about tiering. The other videos include: How...
Format: video/video
How does tiering benefit students?
In this video, three teachers from Raleigh’s Baileywick Road Elementary School discuss how creating tiered assignments has benefited their students. Includes classroom footage. This video is one in a four-part series about tiering. The other videos include:...
Format: video/video
Differentiation in the Common Core classroom
This online professional development course helps teachers to explore the different avenues through which effective differentiation can take place in order to enhance their own practice.
Format: article/online course
Beyond blended learning: Reaching every student
This archived presentation from the 2010 NCTIES conference explores the theory and application of blended learning and offers ten ways to improve teaching using a blended approach.
Format: presentation/best practice
Supporting autistic students in inclusion settings
In this brief video, autism teacher Maureen Ostrander talks about some of the measures in place at her school to support students with autism, including providing a mini-lesson about autism to all the students in the school.
Format: video/video
Using virtual worlds to engage gifted learners
In this video, students in a gifted classroom use the multi-user learning environment Quest Atlantis to explore issues related to the creation of a game reserve in Tanzania. Interviews with the teacher and students offer perspectives on the value of using...
Format: video/video
Using picture cues to communicate
In this brief video, speech-language pathologist Carrie Elam uses picture symbols to communicate with a student with autism during a painting project in art class.
Format: video/video
This reference article explains the theory and practice of scaffolding, and surveys relevant literature related to this instructional technique.
Format: article
By Heather Coffey.
Using technology to differentiate by process
Classroom footage and interviews with educators illustrate a variety of ways to differentiate by process using technology. This video is one in a five-part series about integrating technology into differentiated instruction. The other videos include: ...
Format: video/video
The elements of informational text
In this video, classroom footage and teacher interviews explore the features of nonfiction texts and illustrate how instruction with nonfiction differs from instruction using fictional texts. This video is one in a three-part series about teaching with informational...
Format: video/video
How do special education students benefit from technology?
Students with disabilities can benefit greatly by using technology in the classroom. This article examines the use of assistive technologies with special education students.
Format: article
By Kris Zorigian and Jennifer Job.
The importance of collaboration
The success of a deaf student in an inclusive classroom is dependent upon the contributions of a number of people, including the classroom teacher, the student, the teacher of the deaf, the student’s family members, school administrators, and the interpreter....
Format: video/video
Poverty and special ed
Is there a correlation between poverty and disabilities in children? This article looks at the facts and explains why the numbers of impoverished children in special education is on the rise.
Format: article
By Kris Zorigian and Jennifer Job.
Acceleration vs. social promotion in special education
Popular belief holds that accelerated programs are not good for gifted students. This article shows that these students actually excel with support from their teachers and parents.
Format: article
By Jennifer Job.