K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

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From the education reference

service learning
Intentional combination of community service objectives and learning opportunities that benefits both the recipient and provider of the service. Student service learning projects should be structured to link learning tasks to self-reflection so that they enrich learning, strengthen communities, and teach civic responsibility.
learning disability
A discrepancy between expected achievement and observed achievement, also known as "unexpected underachievement."
learning contract
An agreement between a teacher and a student regarding how that student will achieve specified learning goals or objectives.
collaborative learning
An umbrella term for the variety of approaches and models in education that involve the shared intellectual efforts by students working in small groups to accomplish a goal or complete a task.
cooperative learning
Instructional method in which students work together in small, heterogeneous groups to complete a problem, project, or other instructional goal, while teachers act as guides or facilitators. This method works to reinforce a student’s own learning as well as the learning of his or her fellow group members.
blended learning
A student-centered approach to creating a learning experience whereby the learner interacts with other students, with the instructor, and with content through thoughtful integration of online and face-to-face environments.
discovery learning
Learning that takes place, not through instruction, but through examination, analysis, or experimentation.
project-based learning
Teaching approach that engages students in sustained, collaborative real-world investigations. Projects are organized around a driving question, and students participate in a variety of tasks that seek to meaningfully address this question.
Dimensions of Learning model
Model of learning developed by Marzano et al (1988) that links content area knowledge, metacognition, and critical and creative thinking with a taxonomy of thinking skills and thinking processes.
digital game-based learning
Instructional method that incorporates educational content or learning principles into video games with the goal of engaging learners. Applications of digital game-based learning draw upon the constructivist theory of education.
problem-based learning
Model of instruction in which the teacher poses an authentic problem for student resolution. PBL may be one among many strategies in a classroom or an entire curricular and instructional approach. In the course of problem-solving, students work cooperatively in groups to learn content and skills related to real world problems. The teacher acts as a facilitator to learning.

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Reaching every learner: Differentiating instruction in theory and practice
This series of articles, which balance theory, research, and practice, address a variety of topics within differentiation through text, graphics, and video.
Format: series (multiple pages)
Reading comprehension and English language learners
Teaching reading comprehension and helping English language learners are the responsibility of every teacher, but they are also within the abilities of every teacher. These articles provide strategies for building content-area reading comprehension before, during, and after reading that can help English language learners — and all learners.
Format: series (multiple pages)
Differentiation
Differentiation is the practice of tailoring instruction to diverse learners based on student readiness, interest, and learning styles. This article discusses the four areas in which teachers can differentiate instruction and includes links to resources that support differentiation.
Format: article
By Jennifer Job.
Beyond blended learning: Reaching every student
This archived presentation from the 2010 NCTIES conference explores the theory and application of blended learning and offers ten ways to improve teaching using a blended approach.
Format: presentation/best practice
Differentiated instruction
An introduction to LEARN NC's resources for differentiating instruction for a variety of student populations.
Format: bibliography
Differentiation in the Common Core classroom
This online professional development course helps teachers to explore the different avenues through which effective differentiation can take place in order to enhance their own practice.
Format: article/online course
How to implement tiering
In this video, classroom footage and teacher interviews emphasize important points in adopting tiered assignments. This video is one in a four-part series about tiering. The other videos include: What...
Format: video/video
Supporting autistic students in inclusion settings
In this brief video, autism teacher Maureen Ostrander talks about some of the measures in place at her school to support students with autism, including providing a mini-lesson about autism to all the students in the school.
Format: video/video
How does tiering benefit students?
In this video, three teachers from Raleigh’s Baileywick Road Elementary School discuss how creating tiered assignments has benefited their students. Includes classroom footage. This video is one in a four-part series about tiering. The other videos include:...
Format: video/video
Using virtual worlds to engage gifted learners
In this video, students in a gifted classroom use the multi-user learning environment Quest Atlantis to explore issues related to the creation of a game reserve in Tanzania. Interviews with the teacher and students offer perspectives on the value of using...
Format: video/video
Using picture cues to communicate
In this brief video, speech-language pathologist Carrie Elam uses picture symbols to communicate with a student with autism during a painting project in art class.
Format: video/video
How does tiering benefit teachers?
In this video, teachers at Raleigh's Baileywick Road Elementary School discuss how creating tiered assignments has benefited them as teachers. Includes classroom footage. This video is one in a four-part series about tiering. The other videos include: ...
Format: video/video
Can Americans define the term "learning disability?"
This article examines the statistics surrounding what Americans know — and don't know — about learning disabilities. The results highlight the necessity of educating parents and teachers more comprehensively about learning disabilities and what causes them.
Format: article
By Jennifer Job.
What is tiering?
In this video, teacher interviews and classroom footage explore the practice of creating tiered assignments. This video is one in a four-part series about tiering. The other videos include: How...
Format: video/video
Using technology to differentiate by process
Classroom footage and interviews with educators illustrate a variety of ways to differentiate by process using technology. This video is one in a five-part series about integrating technology into differentiated instruction. The other videos include: ...
Format: video/video
Deafness, language, and literacy
Through expert interviews and classroom footage, this video discusses the role deafness plays in a student’s development of language, and how this affects the way a deaf student may write and speak. Includes an explanation of visual phonics -- a tool that...
Format: video/video
Assessing reading comprehension with English language learners
In Reading comprehension and English language learners, page 3
Strategies such as flow charts can help you assess reading comprehension for English language learners, content-area learners, and all students.
Format: article
By Ellen Douglas.
Getting the facts about autism
This article explores some common misconceptions about autism.
Format: article
By Jennifer Job.
Scaffolding
This reference article explains the theory and practice of scaffolding, and surveys relevant literature related to this instructional technique.
Format: article
By Heather Coffey.
The importance of collaboration
The success of a deaf student in an inclusive classroom is dependent upon the contributions of a number of people, including the classroom teacher, the student, the teacher of the deaf, the student’s family members, school administrators, and the interpreter....
Format: video/video