K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

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Winston-Salem's early hospitals
In North Carolina in the early 20th century, page 2.7
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Winston and Salem, North Carolina, established hospitals to treat those who could not afford regular health care, which was usually provided by doctors in the home.
Format: article
CSI Dublin: The Hunt for the Irish Potato Killer
In these lesson plans, students will act as CSI agents investigating the mysterious pathogen that caused the massive potato crop failure and resultant Great Famine of 1845 in Ireland.
Format: lesson plan (multiple pages)
Disease and catastrophe
In Prehistory, contact, and the Lost Colony, page 5.3
Of all the kinds of life exchanged when the Old and New Worlds met, lowly germs had the greatest impact. Europeans and later Africans brought smallpox and a host of other diseases with them to America, where those diseases killed as much as 90 percent of the native population of two continents. Europeans came away lucky -- with only a few tropical diseases from Africa and, probably, syphilis from the New World. In America, disease destoyed civilizations.
Format: article
By David Walbert.
Two worlds: Educator's guide
Lesson plans and activities to be used with "Two Worlds: Prehistory, Contact, and the Lost Colony" -- the first part of a North Carolina history textbook for secondary students.
Format: book (multiple pages)
Understanding the Columbian Exchange
In Two worlds: Educator's guide, page 5.1
This lesson will help students think about the effects of the Columbian Exchange, particularly the exchange of disease as it affected the psychology of the Europeans and Native populations in the early settlement of the Americas.
Format: lesson plan (grade 7–8 Social Studies)
By Pauline S. Johnson.
Stopping the spread of influenza
In North Carolina in the early 20th century, page 3.14
Article published by the North Carolina State Board of Health during the influenza pandemic of 1918–19, instructing the public on how to limit the spread of the disease. Includes historical commentary.
Format: article/primary source
The fate of North Carolina's native peoples
In Colonial North Carolina, page 3.8
After the Tuscarora War (1711–1713) and Yamasee War (1715–1716), only the Cherokee among North Carolina's native peoples remained intact. The Coastal Plain and Piedmont were effectively cleared for European settlement.
Format: article
By David Walbert.
Identifying a potato killer via PCR and gel electrophoresis
In CSI Dublin: The Hunt for the Irish Potato Killer, page 4
In this lesson, students use DNA extraction, polymerase chain reaction, and gel electrophoresis techniques to identify positive and negative leaf samples for the presence of the plant pathogen Phytophthora infestans.
Format: lesson plan (grade 9–12 Science)
By Rebecca Hite.
North Carolina in the early 20th century
Primary sources and readings explore North Carolina in the first decades of the twentieth century (1900–1929). Topics include changes in technology and transportation, Progressive Era reforms, World War I, women's suffrage, Jim Crow and African American life, the cultural changes of the 1920s, labor and labor unrest, and the Gastonia stirke of 1929.
Format: book (multiple pages)
A bilious fever
In Antebellum North Carolina, page 2.9
Excerpt from an 1850 novel in which the author describes the illness he succumbed to on a trip to Nag's Head. Includes historical commentary.
Format: book/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
Civil War casualties
In North Carolina in the Civil War and Reconstruction, page 4.12
Historians estimate that about 620,000 Americans died in the Civil War -- almost as many as have died in all other U.S. wars combined. This article explains why.
Format: article
By David Walbert.
England's flowering
In Prehistory, contact, and the Lost Colony, page 4.1
The reign of England's Queen Elizabeth (1558–1603) was marked by a proliferation of the arts, an expansion of private markets, and a dedication to world exploration and privateering.
Format: article
Native peoples of the Chesapeake region
In Prehistory, contact, and the Lost Colony, page 2.9
The Chesapeake Bay has been home to Native Americans for over 10,000 years. Throughout their histories — even to the present day — these societies have adapted to difficult circumstances and unforeseen changes. Chesapeake natives have faced wars, epidemic diseases, loss of land, and treaty violations.
Format: article/primary source
The De Soto expedition
In Prehistory, contact, and the Lost Colony, page 3.3
Hernando De Soto’s expedition through the southeastern United States in 1539–43 was one of the earliest of the early contacts between Europeans and native peoples. While historical documents tell the story of do Soto's journey, advances in both history and archaeology have enabled researchers to reconstruct the de Soto route.
Format: article/primary source
Camp Bragg
In North Carolina in the early 20th century, page 3.7
This 1919 description of Fort Bragg and the process of building it during World War I was published as part of a larger book promoting Fayetteville and the surrounding area. Includes historical commentary.
Format: book/primary source
Juan Pardo, the Indians of Guatari, and first contact
In Prehistory, contact, and the Lost Colony, page 3.4
The Guatari Indians lived in an influential settlement near Trading Ford and were led by a female chief. In 1567, they encountered Spanish explorers led by Captain Juan Pardo who came through the North Carolina Piedmont with grand hopes of creating a powerful empire.
Format: article

Resources on the web

Contagion: Historical Views of Diseases and Epidemics
This site provides background information, historical pamphlets, serials, books, and manuscripts related to diseases and epidemics from world history, including Philadelphia's yellow fever of 1793 and London's Great Plague of 1695. (Learn more)
Format: website/general
Provided by: The President and Fellows of Harvard University
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
Articles, video, audio, and photographic galleries give in-depth looks at global news about world events, disasters, refugee conditions, food crisis, disease epidemics, and much more from all over the world. A youth section provides kids with information about... (Learn more)
Format: website/general
Provided by: International Federation of the Red Cross and the Red Cresent Societies
Whatever Happened to Polio
This site provides background information on Polio, vaccines, the differences between Salk's killed-virus vaccine, and Sabin's live-virus vaccine, and more. (Learn more)
Format: website/activity
Provided by: National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
West Nile weather
In this Science Update, from Science NetLinks, students hear how hot summers can mean a higher risk for West Nile virus epidemics from an atmospheric scientist at the Illinois State Water Survey. (Learn more)
Format: activity/lesson plan (grade 8 Science)
Provided by: American Association for the Advancement of Science