K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

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Hand-grinder in operation
Hand-grinder in operation
Jas, a trekking guide, demonstrates the use of a hand grinder. The grinder is a very simple apparatus consisting of two parts: a spindle which is fixed to the floor, and a heavy stone disk which is fitted over the spindle by a hole in the center. The stone...
Format: image/photograph
A water-powered mill
A water-powered mill
On the trail between from Ghorepaani and Taatopaani, Nepal, a water-powered stone grinder -- or mill -- spins above the grain collector. Water mills, called Paani Ghatta in Nepal, are an important innovation in mountain agriculture. Water is channeled...
Format: image/photograph
Gasoline-powered grain mill
Gasoline-powered grain mill
A gasoline-powered grain mill seen en route from Naudanda to Birethanti, Nepal. A man, probably the mill-runner, is sitting at the other end of the machine, with a patterned dhaka cap worn askew on his head. Machine powered mills are evidence of modernization...
Format: image/photograph
Grist mill
Grist mill
At a grist mill in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, water flows over the mill wheel. A grist mill is a building where corn or grain is ground into cornmeal or flour. The power of the water causes the mill wheel to turn, which in turn causes a pair...
Format: image/photograph
A woman milling corn flour
A woman milling corn flour
On the trail between Ghorepaani and Taatopaani, Nepal, a woman sits in front of a water mill. Grain is poured into the top of the mill and ground at the bottom between the stone disks. These mills are run by directing a volume of water on a shaft which propels...
Format: image/photograph
Murray's Mill Historic District
Step back in time at the Murray's Mill Historic District and see what it was like to live there years ago.
Format: article/field trip opportunity
Small-town businesses, 1903
In North Carolina in the New South, page 2.10
In North Carolina History: A Sampler, page 9.5
Excerpts from The North Carolina Year Book and Business Directory, 1903, for the towns of Jefferson and Washington. Includes historical commentary.
Format: book/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
Which side to take: Revolutionary or loyalist?
In Revolutionary North Carolina, page 3.2
During the American Revolution, people living in the American colonies had to choose whether to support the British government or fight for independence. There were many different reasons why colonists chose to be revolutionaries or loyalists. The story of Connor Dowd illustrates that the decision was often complicated.
Format: article
By Carole Watterson Troxler.
Elisha Mitchell explores the mountains
In North Carolina in the New Nation, page 7.5
Letter from Elisha Mitchell to his wife while doing a geologic survey in northwestern North Carolina, 1828. Mitchell discusses his work, the places he stayed, and the people he met. Includes historical commentary as well as a contemporary map and a Google map with relevant locations marked.
Format: letter/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by David Walbert and L. Maren Wood.
"Eastern North Carolina for the farmer"
In North Carolina in the early 20th century, page 6.3
Pamphlet published by the Atlantic Coast Line railroad in 1916, advertising eastern North Carolina as a place for people from other parts of the country to settle. Includes historical background and commentary.
Format: book/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by David Walbert.