K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

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LEARN NC is no longer supported by the UNC School of Education and has been permanently archived. On February 1st, 2018, you will only be able to access these resources through the Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine. We recommend that you print or download resources you may need before February 1st, 2018, after which, you will have to follow these instructions in order to access those resources.

Child labor in North Carolina's textile mills
The photographs of Lewis Hine show the lives and work of children in North Carolina's textile mill villages in the first decades of the twentieth century.
Format: slideshow (multiple pages)
Child labor in the cotton mills
The resources on this page are designed to help educators teach about what life was like for children working in the cotton mills of North Carolina in the early 20th century. Through these lessons, students will learn about child labor by listening to the oral histories of people who worked in these cotton mills as children.
Format: lesson plan
Proposed amendment to the Fair Labor Standards Act
In Tobacco bag stringing: Life and labor in the Depression, page 1.7
It is declared to be the policy of this Act not to displace the use of cotton or cotton materials and the administrator shall by regulations or by order exempt any work where the application of the provisions of Section 6 may result in the use of other materials...
Leaders of the Knights of Labor
Leaders of the Knights of Labor
Format: image/poster
The Fair Labor Standards Act
In The Great Depression and World War II, page 2.4
The Fair Labor Standards Act, signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on June 25, 1938, revolutionized the federal government's oversight of industry. Although it directly impacted only about a quarter of American workers, in affected industries, it banned oppressive child labor, limited the workweek to 44 hours, and established a minimum wage of 25 cents an hour.
Format: article
Persuasive writing: The importance of work permits
In CareerStart lessons: Grade eight, page 1.5
In this lesson, students will read about child labor laws and work permits, and will write a persuasive paper based on what they've learned.
Format: lesson plan (grade 8 English Language Arts)
By Andrea Fedon, Gail Frank, and Cindy Neininger.
The transformation of cacao into chocolate
Transforming cacao into chocolate is a labor-intensive process that involves many steps. This slideshow tells the story of that process, focusing on one cacao plantation in the Barlovento region of Venezuela.
Format: slideshow (multiple pages)
Tobacco bag stringing: Educator's guide
Elementary lesson plans Elementary lesson plans based upon Tobacco Bag Stringing: Life and Labor in the Depression will help students understand what tobacco bag stringing was, study primary source documents and visuals,...
Format: lesson plan
Ending child labor in North Carolina
In The Great Depression and World War II, page 2.1
The movement to ban child labor began in the early 1900s and slowly turned the tide of public opinion. As mill work changed in the 1920s, mills employed fewer children. North Carolina finally regulated child labor in 1933.
Format: article
The four factors of production
Students will learn to identify and explain the four factors of production: land, labor, capital, and entrepreneurship.
Format: lesson plan (grade 9–10 Social Studies)
By penn pace.
Opposition to the Knights of Labor
In North Carolina in the New South, page 3.11
Editorial in a Durham newspaper, 1887, expressing concern about the Knights of Labor. Includes historical commentary.
Format: newspaper/primary source
Nepalese porters resting
Nepalese porters resting
A Nepalese man is resting his load on one of the many resting platforms built along the walking trails in the mountains of Nepal. Resting platforms are important feature of mountain life. Many people provide labor and material to build these platforms as a...
Format: image/photograph
The Pullman Strike
The Pullman Strike
Pullman strikers outside Arcade Building in Pullman, Chicago. This Illinois National Guard can be seen guarding the building during the Pullman Railroad Strike in 1894.
Format: image/photograph
Buffaloes at the water collection tank
Buffaloes at the water collection tank
Buffalo wallow in a hillside tank while three young children look after them. Water is a very precious resource in the mountains and people harvest it by building collection tanks such as this one. These tanks are often community-owned and villagers contribute...
Format: image/photograph
The Homestead Strike
The Homestead Strike
The Carnegie Steel Works, showing the shield used by the strikers when firing the cannon and watching the Pinkerton men during the Homestead strike.
Format: image/illustration
Home renovation: Working with area
In CareerStart lessons: Grade six, page 2.9
In this lesson for grade six, students will work together in cooperative groups using the internet to calculate the cost of finishing a basement.
Format: lesson plan (grade 6 Mathematics)
By Kim Abrams, Mike McDowell, and Barbara Strange.
Georgia rice field workers
Georgia rice field workers
19th-century image of four Georgia rice field workers.
Format: image/photograph
North Carolina in the early 20th century
Primary sources and readings explore North Carolina in the first decades of the twentieth century (1900–1929). Topics include changes in technology and transportation, Progressive Era reforms, World War I, women's suffrage, Jim Crow and African American life, the cultural changes of the 1920s, labor and labor unrest, and the Gastonia stirke of 1929.
Format: book (multiple pages)
A union organizer blames the mill
In North Carolina in the early 20th century, page 8.4
Article printed by the Gastonia Daily Gazette during the Loray Mill strike in 1929, one of the few printed that represented the views of the strikers. Includes historical background and commentary.
Format: newspaper/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
A child's day: Vietnam
In this lesson plan, students listen to audio recordings from Vietnam and discuss what life may be like for the children heard in the recordings. Students discuss topics including school, cross-cultural similarities, and child labor.
Format: lesson plan (grade 7 Social Studies)
By Kristin Post.