K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

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Nannie Coleson, looper, at a textile mill in Scotland, Neck, N.C.
Nannie Coleson, looper, at a textile mill in Scotland, Neck, N.C.
Eleven year old Nannie Colson can be seen working as a looper at the Crescent Hosiery Mill in Scotland Neck, North Carolina. Sitting in a chair in front of a hosiery machine, she is absorbed in her work. She is so short that she is at eye-level with the machine....
Format: image/photograph
A highland farmhouse
In Rice farming and rural life in Vietnam, page 14
The farm house shown here, located by a canal at Dong Ha, has a thatch and corrugated metal roof. Corrugated metal roofs are popular among some farmers in Southeast Asia because they are long lasting and fire resistant. They are, however, hotter, noisier,...
By Lorraine Aragon.
Two young spinners in Catawba Cotton Mills.
Two young spinners in Catawba Cotton Mills.
In this sepia photograph taken in December of 1908, a young girl with her hair pulled back is seen standing at a spinning machine in a textile mill.There is cotton lint on the wooden floor boards under the machines. Two women can be seen working at the spinning...
Format: image/photograph
The Gastonia strike
In North Carolina in the early 20th century, page 8.1
A strike at Loray Cotton Mill in Gastonia, North Carolina, in 1929, led to the killing of the police chief and made national news.
Format: article
Elevated houses
In Rice farming and rural life in Vietnam, page 15
Two thatch-roofed houses elevated on wood columns at Mai Chau provide excellent examples of highland village house construction. In the rear of the photograph, a person works in the shade under the house. Hand-hewn wooden walls, columns, shutter doors, and...
By Lorraine Aragon.
Cape Hatteras Lighthouse
North Carolina's most famous lighthouse is open for tours. Learn about this history of this guardian of the “graveyard of the Atlantic”.
Format: article/field trip opportunity
Jewish prisoners at Buchenwald Concentration Camp
Jewish prisoners at Buchenwald Concentration Camp
Jewish prisoners, used as slave labor during World War II, lie on four-tiered bunks with their food bowls in this photograph taken by Private H. Miller of the United States Army. The prisoners were found sick and starving when they were liberated from Buchenwald...
Format: image/photograph
Charlie and Ollie Allen, child laborers
Charlie and Ollie Allen, child laborers
Charlie and Ollie Allen had been working at the Harriet Cotton Mills for two years when this picture of them was taken. They are standing in front of their clapboard home while a younger child stands on the porch above them. There is trash in the yard and...
Format: image/photograph
Doffers in Cherryville Manufacturing Company, N.C.
Doffers in Cherryville Manufacturing Company, N.C.
Three young boys called doffers stand in front of a spinning machine in the Cherryville Manufacturing Company. Doffers took bobbins full of thread off the machines and replaced them with empty bobbins. In this sepia photograph, the boy closest to the photographer...
Format: image/photograph
Ivey Mill Company, Hickory, N.C: Some doffers and Sweepers
Ivey Mill Company, Hickory, N.C:  Some doffers and Sweepers
Seven young boys pose for the photographer in the Ivy Mill Company, a textile mill in Hickory, N.C. Most of the boys, ranging in age and height, are wearing short pants with suspenders and long, dark stockings. The tall boy in the middle of the group has cotton...
Format: image/photograph
China's ancient engineers
In CareerStart lessons: Grade seven, page 4.6
In this lesson for grade seven, students will learn about some of the inventions of ancient China, and will discuss the kinds of engineering skills required to produce them.
Format: lesson plan (grade 6–7 Social Studies)
By Meredith Ebert.Adapted by Kenyatta Bennett and Sonya Rexrode.
Boys playing a game of marbles
Boys playing a game of marbles
A group of boys, all mill workers, watch while another, wearing a light colored tie, crouches down and shoots a marble during a game in Salisbury, North Carolina. The boy shooting the marbles is Henry Dedman, a warper at the mill and has been working there...
Format: image/photograph
Little girls work in the interior of a tobacco shed
Little girls work in the interior of a tobacco shed
Child laborers were hired for many types of jobs. In this photograph, little girls, ages eight, nine, and ten work in a tobacco barn. Sunlight is streaming in through large cracks between the wooden planks of the walls. They are standing in back of wooden...
Format: image/photograph
Excerpts from James Curry slave narrative
James Curry was born into slavery around 1815 in Person County, North Carolina. In these excerpts from his memoir, he descrbies his mother's experiences as a slave and reflects on the differences between slave labor and paid labor.
Format: book
A child's day: Cambodia
In this lesson plan, students listen to audio recordings from Cambodia and discuss what life may be like for the children heard in the recordings. Students discuss topics including school, cross-cultural similarities, and child labor.
Format: lesson plan (grade 7 Social Studies)
By Kristin Post.
The Haymarket Riot
The Haymarket Riot
Format: image/illustration
Tobacco bag stringing: Secondary activity one
This activity for grades 7–12 will help students understand what tobacco bag stringing was and why it was important to communities in North Carolina and Virginia. Students will read and analyze an introductory article about tobacco bag stringing.
Format: lesson plan (grade 8–10 Social Studies)
By Pauline S. Johnson.
Strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts, with children posed on sidewalk
Strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts, with children posed on sidewalk
Format: image/photograph
Women as merchants
In Contemporary life in Vietnam, page 9
Women throughout Southeast Asia regularly work in outdoor markets, both as preparers and sellers of food items. This woman, at an outdoor market in Hanoi, sells variously colored noodles from large trays. Noodle-making is a fine art in Vietnam, where ingredients...
By Lorraine Aragon.
The Mill Mother's Lament
In North Carolina in the early 20th century, page 8.8
Song by labor activist Ella Mae Wiggins sung during the Loray Mill strike in Gastonia, 1929. Includes biographical information about Wiggins.
Format: music/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.