K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education


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From the education reference

English language development
Curriculum of instruction for English language learners.
professional development
Educational opportunities for school teachers and administrative personnel with goals of personal and professional growth, and school improvement. Professional development is often called staff development.
Pervasive development disorder
Children with this disorder lack socialization, communication, and other developmental skills. Five pervasive development disorders are autism, Apserger's Syndrome, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, Rett's Syndrome, and Pervasive Development Disorder, not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS).
zone of proximal development
The gap between what a learner has already mastered (the actual level of development) and what he or she can achieve when provided with educational support (potential development).
whole language
Instructional philosophy that emphasizes reading for meaning and reading in context. Whole language instruction focuses on a variety of strategies (for example, open-ended questions, discussions) to facilitate students' meaningful interpretations of texts, and does not advocate breaking language study into isolated skill components as practiced in phonics instruction.
English as a second language
Designation for students whose native language is not English or for programs designed to teach such students. As a method of instruction, ESL usually involves pulling students out of the regular classroom for English instruction.
English language learners
Students (in U.S. schools) whose native language is other than English working to master English. They may be immigrants or children born in the United States. Usually such students receive bilingual education or English as a second language services.
English as a foreign language
The study of English by non-native speakers or the teaching of English to such learners.
cognitive academic language proficiency
Academic language students experience in school. CALP develops over a five to seven year period in the language acquisition of English (or foreign) language learners.

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LinguaFolio training modules
In these LinguaFolio training modules, learn to use this language portfolio tool to help students assess their language competencies, document their intercultural activities, and become reflective and autonomous in their language learning.
Format: book (multiple pages)
About the English Language Development Standard Course of Study
An introduction to the North Carolina curriculum for English language learners, including an explanation of the domains and proficiency levels of language acquisition.
Format: article/help
Bridging Spanish language barriers in Southern schools
These articles provide background on Latino immigrants in North Carolina, administrative challenges in binational education, and strategies through which teachers can build on what Latino students bring to their classrooms to create a learning environment that meets the needs of all students.
Format: series (multiple pages)
English language learners
An introduction to LEARN NC's resources for teachers and administrators working with students with limited English proficiency.
Format: bibliography/help
LEP Training 102
This course will prepare you as you take on the role of a Limited English Proficiency (LEP) Coordinator or ESL Teacher. You may be a new ESL teacher or have been assigned the role of a LEP Coordinator without receiving any training.
Format: article/online course
Mission possible: Classroom teachers effectively teaching English Language Learners
Do you ever wish your district would hire more ESL teachers? Wish you could get your regular classroom teachers certified in ESL? Have you wondered what part you have in effectively reaching English Language Learners? This mission (online professional development course) is designed for you!
Format: article/online course
Lesson planning for English Language Learners using the WIDA/ELP Standards
This course provides ESL and regular K-12 classroom teachers an opportunity to plan lessons using the new NC Standard Course of Study for Limited English Proficient students known as the WIDA/ELP Standards.
Format: article/online course
English language learners and special education testing
In Bridging Spanish language barriers in Southern schools, page 3.4
English language learners are often incorrectly labeled with learning disabilities because of inffective diagnostic tests. A more effective model of testing and instruction would be based upon the educational concepts of scaffolding instruction and the Zone of Proximal Development.
Format: article
By Mary Faith Mount-Cors.
Hurricane Floyd
The lesson on this page are designed to help educators teach about Hurricane Floyd and its aftermath. In these activities, students learn more about flooding that occurred as a result fo the hurricane and what it feels like to be a survivor of such an event.
Format: lesson plan
Deafness, language, and literacy
Through expert interviews and classroom footage, this video discusses the role deafness plays in a student’s development of language, and how this affects the way a deaf student may write and speak. Includes an explanation of visual phonics -- a tool that...
Format: video
Deafness, language, and literacy
Through expert interviews and classroom footage, this video discusses the role deafness plays in a student’s development of language, and how this affects the way a deaf student may write and speak. Includes an explanation of visual phonics -- a tool that...
Format: video
Topography of North Carolina and its influence on settlement
This lesson explores where North Carolina is in relation to the United States and North America. Also, we will explore the different regions of North Carolina and how the topography of the region affected settlement.
Format: lesson plan (grade 8 English Language Development and Social Studies)
By Jessica Wilson and Tabitha Horton.
History of atomic theory
This lesson is developed for a regular low level physical science class. In small groups, students will use media and written script to learn and teach each other about major contributions to the development of the atomic theory.
Format: lesson plan (grade 9–12 English Language Development and Science)
By Anya Childs and Rhonda Garrett.
Resources for parents
In Math Common Core resources, page 3.1
According to the Mission Statement of the Common Core State Standards Initiative: The Common Core State Standards provide a consistent, clear understanding of what students are expected to learn, so teachers and parents know what they need to do...
Format: bibliography
By Kay Middleton.
About the North Carolina Standard Course of Study
An explanation of the state curriculum and how LEARN NC aligns resources to it.
Format: article/help
LEP Training 101
This course will prepare you as you take on the role of a LEP Coordinator or ESL Teacher. Although you may already know theories or strategies for teaching ESL students, this course is like a manual to teach you the policies, procedures, and required job duties that accompany your job dealing with LEP students specifically in NC schools.
Format: article/online course
A crash course in ESL
"A Crash Course in ESL" will prepare you to work with ESL parents and create a welcoming environment for ESL students.
Format: article/online course
Survival! A Lesson for Language Arts and Novice ESL Students
Students brainstorm to orally identify and agree upon ten elements necessary for survival. Students will create a categorized chart of the items necessary for survival. Using the chart and working within groups, students will use the chart to create a Survival board game.

This lesson serves well as an introductory activity for students who will read a novel with a setting in another country or culture, or as the basis of comparing two different time periods or cultures.

It is modified for the Novice High English Language Learner.
Format: lesson plan (grade 7 English Language Arts and English Language Development)
By Cynthia Moretz.
Multiplying polynomials
In this lesson, students apply their knowledge of distributive property to multiply polynomials. The process of multiplying by the FOIL method is developed. The English Language Development goals and objectives for this lesson are for a Novice High English Language Learner (ELL).
Format: lesson plan (grade 9–12 English Language Development and Mathematics)
By Seth Beale and Wendy Sumner.
Week 5: Constructing the invention
In Invention convention, page 12
In this Invention Convention lesson, students will construct their inventions using the designs from their invention logs.
Format: lesson plan
By Briana Corke Pelton.