K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education


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From the education reference

whole language
Instructional philosophy that emphasizes reading for meaning and reading in context. Whole language instruction focuses on a variety of strategies (for example, open-ended questions, discussions) to facilitate students' meaningful interpretations of texts, and does not advocate breaking language study into isolated skill components as practiced in phonics instruction.
English as a second language
Designation for students whose native language is not English or for programs designed to teach such students. As a method of instruction, ESL usually involves pulling students out of the regular classroom for English instruction.
English as a foreign language
The study of English by non-native speakers or the teaching of English to such learners.
English language learners
Students (in U.S. schools) whose native language is other than English working to master English. They may be immigrants or children born in the United States. Usually such students receive bilingual education or English as a second language services.
English language development
Curriculum of instruction for English language learners.
cognitive academic language proficiency
Academic language students experience in school. CALP develops over a five to seven year period in the language acquisition of English (or foreign) language learners.

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Mandarin Chinese I | 中文课程1
Part one of an online textbook for learning Mandarin Chinese.
Format: book (multiple pages)
Word family web
Students play a fun game with spider and fly to build new words using known word families.
Format: lesson plan (grade 1 English Language Arts)
By Peggy Johnson.
Comparing proverbs
The lesson will feature comparisons of American and African proverbs.
Format: lesson plan (grade 3–4 English Language Arts and Social Studies)
By Pat Chancer.
Supermarket sweep: Day 1
Students will talk about choices that families make when purchasing groceries. Students will make a booklet of frequently purchased grocery items.
Format: lesson plan (grade K–1 English Language Arts, English Language Development, and Social Studies)
By Angela Hunt and Melody Holmes.
Week 5: Constructing the invention
In Invention convention, page 12
In this Invention Convention lesson, students will construct their inventions using the designs from their invention logs.
Format: lesson plan
By Briana Corke Pelton.
Language families
In Intrigue of the Past, page 4.7
Students will identify and locate the three language families of contact period North Carolina and calculate the physical area covered by each language family.
Format: lesson plan (grade 4 and 7–8 Mathematics and Social Studies)
African American English
In this activity, students learn about the history of African American English and the meaning of dialect and linguistic patterns. Students watch a video about African American English and analyze the dialect's linguistic patterns.
Format: lesson plan (grade 8 Social Studies)
By Hannah Askin.
Family traditions
This lesson is a follow-up to the lesson “Who's Your Mama? A Family Who's Who” and is mainly based on The Relatives Came by Cynthia Rylant; therefore, family structure including titles or roles is assumed to be prior knowledge for this lesson.
Format: lesson plan (grade K–1 English Language Development and Social Studies)
By Laura Bahlmann and Mary Lail.
The middle school challenge for English language learners of Mexican origin
In Bridging Spanish language barriers in Southern schools, page 3.2
English language learners of Mexican origin face numerous challenges in American middle schools, including cultural segregation and assumptions made by schools regarding the students' educational backgrounds. This article offers strategies for educators to help students overcome those challenges.
Format: article
By Mary Faith Mount-Cors.
Bridging the differences: Cultural background of Mexican students entering U.S. schools
In Bridging Spanish language barriers in Southern schools, page 1.4
Making the transition from life in Mexico to life in the United States can be difficult for students of Mexican origin. Schools and teachers can make that transition easier by understanding students' cultural backgrounds and by employing a few simple strategies.
Format: article
By Mary Faith Mount-Cors.
Week 3: Estimating material cost
In Invention convention, page 8
In this Invention Convention lesson, students will compile a list of needed materials to create their inventions. They will also calculate the cost to build their invention using mental estimation, computation, and calculators.
Format: lesson plan (grade 4 English Language Arts and Mathematics)
By Briana Corke Pelton.
Who Moved My Cheese? for Teens
Students read, discuss, and write about Who Moved My Cheese? for Teens by Spencer Johnson, M.D., a parable about life's changes, and how best to benefit from them. By reading the parable, students will learn ways to react positively to inevitable change, and gain insight into their personal decision-making processes regarding changes in their lives, now and in the future. This lesson plan is modified for Advanced English Language Learners in the 9th and 10th grades. It is written for 45 minute class periods, but can be modified for 90 minute block classes.
Format: lesson plan (grade 9–10 English Language Arts and English Language Development)
By Ann Gerber.
“ottos mops” by Ernst Jandl
This lesson is designed for students to enjoy a short amusing poem, as well as refine their knowledge of short “o” and long “o” sounds, and use higher order thinking skills to analyze who or what otto and mops are.
Format: lesson plan (grade 9–12 Second Languages)
By Helga Fasciano.
Deafness, self-esteem, and the inclusive classroom
A deaf student surrounded by hearing peers in an inclusive classroom may experience feelings of isolation. The classroom teacher, however, can play a critical role in supporting a deaf student's self-esteem and sense of belonging within the culture of the...
Format: video/video
Deficit thinking
Teachers frequently attribute the academic struggles of English language learners to the students' inability or unwillingness to learn English, but this "deficit thinking" can better be replaced by a focus on what immigrant students bring to the classroom.
Format: article
By Buck Cooper.
Read it backwards
One editing technique that writers can use to help them catch their own spelling errors is "Read It Backwards." In this lesson, students will learn a procedure for identifying and correcting the spelling of misspelled words.
Format: lesson plan (grade 2–4 English Language Arts)
By DPI Writing Strategies.
Who's Your Mama?: A Family Who's Who
This is the first of two lessons that can be used with Cynthia Rylant's book, The Relatives Came. Students will read, draw, role-play and sing about family roles and titles.
Format: lesson plan (grade K–1 English Language Arts, English Language Development, and Social Studies)
By Laura Bahlmann and Mary Lail.
Play in the multilingual classroom
In Bridging Spanish language barriers in Southern schools, page 2.3
Unstructured play is an important way for young children to make social and cultural connections. It also fosters language development and literacy skills for both English language learners and native English speakers.
Format: article
By Kristin De Soto Madson.
Outer Banks English
In this lesson plan, students view a video about the dialect of North Carolina's Outer Banks and develop an understanding of linguistic patterns.
Format: lesson plan (grade 8 Social Studies)
By Hannah Askin.
From rural Mexico to North Carolina
In Bridging Spanish language barriers in Southern schools, page 1.2
Most immigrants to North Carolina from Mexico come from rural areas, and it is valuable for teachers to understand these students' cultural backgrounds.
Format: article
By Regina Cortina.