K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

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Mill village and factory: Voices
In North Carolina in the New South, page 3.5
In North Carolina History: A Sampler, page 5.2
Excerpts of oral history interviews with men and women who lived in mill villages and worked in textile mills in the early twentieth century.
Format: interview/primary source
A union organizer blames the mill
In North Carolina in the early 20th century, page 8.4
Article printed by the Gastonia Daily Gazette during the Loray Mill strike in 1929, one of the few printed that represented the views of the strikers. Includes historical background and commentary.
Format: newspaper/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
James Pharis oral history excerpt
James Pharis began working in the cotton mills in Eden, North Carolina at age 8. He worked for 11 hours a day and earned 25 cents a day for several years. He met his wife, who also began working in the mill at age 8, at a square dance in the mill village sponsored...
Format: audio/interview
The Mill Mother's Lament
In North Carolina in the early 20th century, page 8.8
Song by labor activist Ella Mae Wiggins sung during the Loray Mill strike in Gastonia, 1929. Includes biographical information about Wiggins.
Format: music/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
The old bank building at Rhyolite Ghost Town near Death Valley, CA
The old bank building at Rhyolite Ghost Town near Death Valley, CA
The skeleton of the old bank building at Rhyolite Ghost Town near Death Valley, California. In the early 1900s, Rhyolite was a booming mine town. The nearby Montgomery Shoshone Mine spurred a wave of development and interest in the town. Bob Montgomery claimed...
Format: image/photograph
Demolition of the Fieldcrest Cannon Mills
Demolition of the Fieldcrest Cannon Mills
This is a photo taken during the demolition of the Fieldcrest Cannon Mills in Kannapolis, North Carolina, in 2004. The area is now home to the Fieldcrest Cannon Village and Textile Museum, which tells of the mill town's history and legacy.
Format: image/photograph
Housing conditions of the workers in Cannon Mills, Concord, North Carolina
Housing conditions of the workers in Cannon Mills, Concord, North Carolina
This photograph of mill town housing in Concord, North Carolina shows the conditions that workers for the Cannon textile mill lived in. The clapboard houses are very small and sit in the shadow of the mill with its smokestacks billowing dark smoke. The yards...
Format: image/photograph
Work and protest: Voices
In North Carolina in the early 20th century, page 7.4
Excerpts from oral history interviews with textile mill workers about labor unrest in the 1920s and 1930s. Includes historical background.
Format: interview/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
Plan of the Town & Port of Edenton in Chowan County
Plan of the Town & Port of Edenton in Chowan County
Legend reads: Plan of the Town and Port of Edenton in Chowan County North Carolina Church Court House. Goal Schoolhouse. Tann Yard Wind Mill...
Format: image/map
Cooleemee's Textile Heritage Center
This historic center was built so that the people of the Carolina mill industry would not be forgotten. The center celebrates and strives to preserve their values and their way of life to share with future generations.
Format: article/field trip opportunity
The textile industry and Winston-Salem
In North Carolina in the New South, page 2.9
Textiles were one of two industries that changed Winston-Salem and Forsyth County in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Format: article
Livestock market in Riobamba, Ecuador
Livestock market in Riobamba, Ecuador
In the foreground, several people are leading young black pigs on short leashes. In the background, dozens of people mill around a pen and covered stall. Riobamba has a long and storied history. Its convenient location in the highlands between the coast and...
Format: image/photograph
A textile mill worker's family
In The Great Depression and World War II, page 3.2
WPA interview with a mill worker in Wake Forest, North Carolina, about her experiences during the Great Depression. Includes historical commentary.
Format: interview/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
Visitors to the mill in Cajabamba, Ecuador
Visitors to the mill in Cajabamba, Ecuador
Several people gather around a miller in an open-air market. They have bought bag s of grass to be milled, either for the raw materials of straw hats or for feed for their livestock. Even though Ecuador is now exploiting is large oil reserves, the country...
Format: image/photograph
Canton Area Historical Museum
Students will learn about the beginnings of this western North Carolina town, it's history, and the industry that sustains it.
Format: article/field trip opportunity
"The mill don't need him tonight"
In The Great Depression and World War II, page 3.3
In North Carolina History: A Sampler, page 5.4
WPA interview with a Durham, North Carolina, girl about her family's experiences during the Great Depression. Includes historical commentary.
Format: interview/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
William Alfred Moore House
Built in 1860, the William Moore House is the oldest house in Mount Airy and is available to tour by appointment only.
Format: article/field trip opportunity
Averasboro Civil War Battlefield
Located on N.C. 82, 3 miles east of the town of Erwin, this battlefield museum has artifacts and information about the Civil War Battle of Averasboro.
Format: article/field trip opportunity
Life on the land: Voices
In North Carolina in the New South, page 1.4
Excerpts of oral history interviews with men and women who grew up on farms in late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century North Carolina.
Format: interview/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
Ila Hartsell Dodson oral history excerpt (child labor)
Ila Hartsell Dodson was born in 1907 in South Carolina and began working in the Brandon Cotton Mill at age 14. Her mother, father, and all of her nine siblings worked for various cotton mills in North and South Carolina. She met her husband working in the...
Format: audio/interview