K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education


LEARN NC is no longer supported by the UNC School of Education and has been permanently archived. On February 1st, 2018, you will only be able to access these resources through the Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine. We recommend that you print or download resources you may need before February 1st, 2018, after which, you will have to follow these instructions in order to access those resources.

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Reading primary sources: Newspaper editorials
This interactive guide to reading a 19th-century newspaper editorial steps through layers of questions, guiding the reader through the process of historical inquiry. This edition is one in a series of guides on reading historical primary sources.
Format: newspaper (multiple pages)
Mother and child figure from West Africa
Mother and child figure from West Africa
Seated mother and child, from the Bamana people of Mali. The figure conveys the importance of motherhood. In this figure, the hat with amulets and the knife strapped to her left arm suggest a strong protector.
Format: image/photograph
Mother and child illustration
Mother and child illustration
This illustration of a mother and child appeared in the Danish magazine Punch in 1885. A mother in a 19th-century dress leans over her child, touching his head as he prepares to go to sleep.
Format: image/illustration
World War I and the changing face of gender roles
In this lesson, students analyze oral histories in order to learn more about Progressivism and the impact of World War I and World War II on the role of women in the United States.
Format: lesson plan (grade 11–12 Social Studies)
By Lee Adcock.
Women's history
LEARN NC has selected resources from our collections to help your students learn about women's history. Find lesson plans, websites, and articles to help your students learn about the achievements and experiences of women.
Format: bibliography/help
"For What Is a Mother Responsible?" -- Idealized motherhood vs. the realities of motherhood in antebellum North Carolina
In this lesson for grade 8, students analyze a newspaper article about motherhood from a North Carolina newspaper in 1845 and compare it to descriptions of motherhood from other contemporary sources. Students will also compare these antebellum descriptions to the modern debates over mothers' roles in American society.
Format: lesson plan (grade 8–12 Social Studies)
By Kathryn Walbert.
The Mill Mother's Lament
In North Carolina in the early 20th century, page 8.8
Song by labor activist Ella Mae Wiggins sung during the Loray Mill strike in Gastonia, 1929. Includes biographical information about Wiggins.
Format: music/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
Families in colonial North Carolina
In Colonial North Carolina, page 6.7
In colonial families, the father had absolute authority over his family, and wives and children were expected to do as they were told. And everyone, even young children, worked to sustain the family.
Format: article
By L. Maren Wood.
North Carolina in the New Nation
Primary sources and readings explore North Carolina in the early national period (1790–1836). Topics include the development of state government and political parties, agriculture, the Great Revival, education, the gold rush, the growth of slavery, Cherokee Removal, and battles over internal improvements and reform.
Format: book (multiple pages)
"For What Is a Mother Responsible?"
In North Carolina in the New Nation, page 5.5
1845 newspaper editorial about a mother's responsibilities for her children's education and character. Includes historical commentary.
Format: article/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by Kathryn Walbert.

Resources on the web

Cycles: African Life Through Art
Explore the cyclical nature of life by examining the art, craft, ritual and tradition of African cultures at each stage from birth to death. As you navigate around the spiral you may select the various topics and rights of passage including "Hero as Leader"... (Learn more)
Format: website
Provided by: Indianapolis Museum of Art