K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

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From the education reference

discovery learning
Learning that takes place, not through instruction, but through examination, analysis, or experimentation.
blended learning
A student-centered approach to creating a learning experience whereby the learner interacts with other students, with the instructor, and with content through thoughtful integration of online and face-to-face environments.
service learning
Intentional combination of community service objectives and learning opportunities that benefits both the recipient and provider of the service. Student service learning projects should be structured to link learning tasks to self-reflection so that they enrich learning, strengthen communities, and teach civic responsibility.
cooperative learning
Instructional method in which students work together in small, heterogeneous groups to complete a problem, project, or other instructional goal, while teachers act as guides or facilitators. This method works to reinforce a student’s own learning as well as the learning of his or her fellow group members.
collaborative learning
An umbrella term for the variety of approaches and models in education that involve the shared intellectual efforts by students working in small groups to accomplish a goal or complete a task.
learning contract
An agreement between a teacher and a student regarding how that student will achieve specified learning goals or objectives.
learning disability
A discrepancy between expected achievement and observed achievement, also known as "unexpected underachievement."
project-based learning
Teaching approach that engages students in sustained, collaborative real-world investigations. Projects are organized around a driving question, and students participate in a variety of tasks that seek to meaningfully address this question.
Dimensions of Learning model
Model of learning developed by Marzano et al (1988) that links content area knowledge, metacognition, and critical and creative thinking with a taxonomy of thinking skills and thinking processes.
digital game-based learning
Instructional method that incorporates educational content or learning principles into video games with the goal of engaging learners. Applications of digital game-based learning draw upon the constructivist theory of education.
problem-based learning
Model of instruction in which the teacher poses an authentic problem for student resolution. PBL may be one among many strategies in a classroom or an entire curricular and instructional approach. In the course of problem-solving, students work cooperatively in groups to learn content and skills related to real world problems. The teacher acts as a facilitator to learning.

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Selection policy and disclaimer for "Best of the Web"
The purpose of LEARN NC's Best of the Web collection is to provide web resources that support the North Carolina Standard Course of Study. These resources have been selected according to our selection policy.
Format: article/help
Teaching electricity and circuits through inquiry
Participants in this online course will learn about the science behind electric circuits and how this content can be taught through inquiry. The workshop will help teachers gain a better understanding of electricity and circuits, including conducting and insulating materials, open and closed circuits, and series and parallel circuits.
Format: article/online course
American Indians in North Carolina
In this course you'll explore American Indian history in North Carolina from the earliest evidence of human habitation in the state through first contact with Europeans, the Trail of Tears, the Great Depression, the Civil Rights Movement, and into the present day.
Format: article/online course
Getting the facts about autism
This article explores some common misconceptions about autism.
Format: article
By Jennifer Job.
Search for synonyms: A thesaurus lesson
Students will expand their vocabulary and learn the advantages of using a thesaurus. Students will edit and enrich personal writing samples using both print and online thesauri.
Format: lesson plan (grade 3–4 English Language Arts)
By Erin Bradfeldt and Joan Milliken.
Using anchor activities to recognize special needs
There are a number of reasons why a student with special needs might make it to the high school level without having his or her needs identified and addressed. This article proposes using anchor activities as a way to determine whether a high school student has an unidentified learning disability.
Format: article
By Jennifer Job.
Genetics
Eye color, hair color, height, and other traits as well as predisposition to certain diseases are all determined by genes. This sampling of resources take you into the world of heredity and genetics and the cutting edge technologies of cloning, gene therapy, and DNA forensics.
Format: bibliography/help
What do you see? (visit)
This lesson outlines activities for students to complete while visiting the Ackland Art Museum in Chapel Hill, NC. Students will observe and reflect upon a variety of artwork. In doing so, they will develop observation and communication skills, and learn to understand and appreciate others' interpretations and opinions of works of art. This lesson applies skills learned in the previous lesson, "What Do You See" (Pre-Visit).

This lesson may be adapted for use in a school/classroom by using museums and artwork found online (see Web sites listed below). A Powerpoint presentation which displays some artwork from the Ackland Art Museum is attached to this plan, as well.
Format: lesson plan (grade 8 Visual Arts Education)
By Reagan West.
The Civil Rights Movement in context
This online course investigates the precursors to the Civil Rights Movement, its leadership, its opposition, and its legacy, including lesser-studied events of the movement and primary sources.
Format: article/online course
Using technology to differentiate by process
Classroom footage and interviews with educators illustrate a variety of ways to differentiate by process using technology. This video is one in a five-part series about integrating technology into differentiated instruction. The other videos include: ...
Format: video/video
Alternative assessment
Alternative assessments measure performance in forms other than traditional paper-and-pencil, short answer tests. This article provides an extended explanation of alternative assessments, including a variety of examples.
Format: article
By Jennifer Job.
Planets' relative gravity spreadsheet
The students use online resources to find information about the eight planets in our solar system. Then, using the relative gravity of each planet, they will create a spreadsheet to calculate what the weight of an average man and woman (possibly their own weight or the weight of other objects) would be on each of the planets.
Format: lesson plan (grade 6 Mathematics and Science)
By Susan Blevins.
Algebraic thinking in elementary school
This online course will enable participants to learn how to include opportunities in the upper elementary curriculum for children to think about basic algebraic concepts, and to appreciate the importance of algebraic thinking.
Format: article/online course
Fractions
Adding, subtracting, multiplying and dividing fractions can be confusing and even intimidating to many students. LEARN NC has put together a list of the best lesson plans and websites available to help your students learn about and be comfortable with fractions.
Format: bibliography/help
North Carolina American Indian stories
In this lesson students will select and read stories from some of the North Carolina American Indian tribes. They will compare and contrast two stories of their choice and complete a Venn diagram. Students will use the information on the Venn diagram to write three paragraphs. After reading several American Indian tales or legends, students will then create their own legend using the narrative writing process.
Format: lesson plan (grade 4 English Language Arts and Social Studies)
By Janice Gardner.
Acceleration vs. social promotion in special education
Popular belief holds that accelerated programs are not good for gifted students. This article shows that these students actually excel with support from their teachers and parents.
Format: article
By Jennifer Job.
LEARN NC: Terms of Use
LEARN NC makes available its articles, lesson plans, and other original education resources free of charge via the World Wide Web to educators and students worldwide. These policies explain the terms of use that apply to all content published by LEARN NC.
Format: article/help
Building and maintaining an online professional learning community
Many schools have moved away from one-time workshops and toward the more sustained approach of professional learning communities. But finding the time for all PLC members to collaborate can be difficult. This article offers suggestions for using online tools to make PLCs run more smoothly and effectively.
Format: article/best practice
By Jayme Linton.
The highways or the byways: Mapping routes in North Carolina
In North Carolina maps, page 2.1
In this lesson, students use mathematical skills to choose the best routes for traveling around the state. Students will also use various internet resources for determining and plotting distance and ratio of miles per hour to time.
Format: lesson plan (grade 6–7 Mathematics)
African American history to 1950
This course explores African American history in the contexts of United States, North Carolina, and world history.
Format: article/online course