K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

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From the education reference

personal growth plan
Teacher description of goals set for personal professional growth, including both long- and short-term goals. Many states provide a template for organizing growth plans, often aligned to professional standards (for example, INTASC or school improvement plans). Teachers select professional development, in-service, and continuing education opportunities to help them achieve personal growth goals.
service learning
Intentional combination of community service objectives and learning opportunities that benefits both the recipient and provider of the service. Student service learning projects should be structured to link learning tasks to self-reflection so that they enrich learning, strengthen communities, and teach civic responsibility.
blended learning
A student-centered approach to creating a learning experience whereby the learner interacts with other students, with the instructor, and with content through thoughtful integration of online and face-to-face environments.
cooperative learning
Instructional method in which students work together in small, heterogeneous groups to complete a problem, project, or other instructional goal, while teachers act as guides or facilitators. This method works to reinforce a student’s own learning as well as the learning of his or her fellow group members.
collaborative learning
An umbrella term for the variety of approaches and models in education that involve the shared intellectual efforts by students working in small groups to accomplish a goal or complete a task.
learning contract
An agreement between a teacher and a student regarding how that student will achieve specified learning goals or objectives.
learning disability
A discrepancy between expected achievement and observed achievement, also known as "unexpected underachievement."
discovery learning
Learning that takes place, not through instruction, but through examination, analysis, or experimentation.
project-based learning
Teaching approach that engages students in sustained, collaborative real-world investigations. Projects are organized around a driving question, and students participate in a variety of tasks that seek to meaningfully address this question.
Dimensions of Learning model
Model of learning developed by Marzano et al (1988) that links content area knowledge, metacognition, and critical and creative thinking with a taxonomy of thinking skills and thinking processes.
digital game-based learning
Instructional method that incorporates educational content or learning principles into video games with the goal of engaging learners. Applications of digital game-based learning draw upon the constructivist theory of education.
problem-based learning
Model of instruction in which the teacher poses an authentic problem for student resolution. PBL may be one among many strategies in a classroom or an entire curricular and instructional approach. In the course of problem-solving, students work cooperatively in groups to learn content and skills related to real world problems. The teacher acts as a facilitator to learning.

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Blended learning
Blended learning is a student-centered approach that integrates learning experiences in online and face-to-face environments. This article defines blended learning, discusses its history, and provides suggestions for creating an effective blended learning experience.
Format: article
By Bobby Hobgood, Ed.D..
Twitter as a learning tool for teachers
This article shows how Twitter can be a valuable tool in helping teachers build their professional learning networks.
Format: article
By Bill Ferriter.
Topics in Education
In Preservice teacher education resources, page 1.1
Building a Firm Foundation New Teacher Support Essays on Kristi Johnson Smith’s...
Format: article/teacher's guide
Topics in Education
In Preservice teacher education resources, page 2.1
Building a Firm Foundation New Teacher Support Essays on Kristi Johnson Smith’s...
Format: article/teacher's guide
Topics in Education
In Preservice teacher education resources, page 3.1
Building a Firm Foundation New Teacher Support Essays on Kristi Johnson Smith’s...
Format: article/teacher's guide
Topics in Education
In Preservice teacher education resources, page 4.1
Building a Firm Foundation New Teacher Support Essays on Kristi Johnson Smith’s...
Format: article/learner's guide
Just beyond the walls: Teachers as writers in virtual space
This article addresses the notion of teachers as writers — providing reasons why a personal writing practice can improve instructional practice, offering a variety of online networks and other sites to help teacher-writers connect with peers, and suggesting ways to bring this idea into the classroom.
Format: article/best practice
By Kevin Hodgson.
Funds of knowledge
In Bridging Spanish language barriers in Southern schools, page 2.1
Teachers can use "funds of knowledge," the knowledge students gain from their family and cultural backgrounds, to make their classrooms more inclusive.
Format: article
By Janet Kier Lopez.
Sharing time in a blended learning space
This article offers a definition for blended learning and suggests strategies for effectively implementing this instructional approach.
Format: article/best practice
By Kevin Hodgson.
Building and maintaining an online professional learning community
Many schools have moved away from one-time workshops and toward the more sustained approach of professional learning communities. But finding the time for all PLC members to collaborate can be difficult. This article offers suggestions for using online tools to make PLCs run more smoothly and effectively.
Format: article/best practice
By Jayme Linton.
Incorporating oral history into the K–12 curriculum
In Oral history in the classroom, page 3
Oral history techniques for use with students at all levels, from kindergarten through high school.
Format: article
By Kathryn Walbert.