K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education


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Two units of biomusicology instruction for grades 2–3 and 4–5. Your students will be fascinated by these lessons that cover the miracles of animal communication, the mechanics of sound, and their connections to the field of music.
Format: lesson plan (multiple pages)
Mature pine savanna
In Forests and fires: The longleaf pine savanna, page 6
Figure 5 shows a pine savanna that is more mature than those shown earlier. The area illustrated is being managed as habitat for one the signature species of the longleaf pine savanna, the red cockaded woodpecker. These small birds nest in old-growth longleaf,...
By Dirk Frankenberg.
The five senses: Hearing
We hear through movement of the ear drum which is tightly stretched across the ear canal and vibrates when air waves push it.
Format: lesson plan (grade 2 Science)
By Wicky Porch.
Musical mountain
Students will learn to hear the differences between low, middle, and high pitches. They will be able to visualize these differences by looking at the low, middle, and high points of a mountain.
Format: lesson plan (grade 1–2 Music Education)
By Margaret Harris.
High and low bears
This is a lesson that introduces and reinforces the music concept of pitch.
Format: lesson plan (grade K Music Education)
By Penny Adams-Manolas.
World music
In BioMusic, page 1.5
In this lesson, students will understand that birds of the same family can have different songs. While listening to four different thrush songs, they will also learn to read a sound spectrogram and compare it with sheet music.
Format: lesson plan (grade 2–3 Music Education and Science)
By Debra Hall and Crystal Patillo.
Developing continuous air during articulation
Combining long tones and burst-tonguing will assist many beginning instrument players to eliminate excessive breaths while articulating.
Format: lesson plan (grade 6–8 Music Education)
By Lynn Dale.
The remains of a foundation of a building in historic Brunswick Town
The remains of a foundation of a building in historic Brunswick Town
These are the remains of a foundation of a building in historic Brunswick Town, in Brunswick County, North Carolina. In the mid-1700s, this town was a bustling shipping and political center. It was known for exporting tar, pitch, and turpentine, essential...
Format: image/photograph
Let's hear it for sound!
This lesson will help students build an understanding of the concepts of sound (vibration, pitch) through participation in a variety of hands-on experiments. By observing, predicting, and analyzing results, students can actively investigate the science of sound.
Format: lesson plan (grade 2 Science)
By Carol Helms.
Create a Music Carnival
This is a lesson in which the students will combine their knowledge of rhythm, pitch, and tone color with their imaginations to create original compositions about animals. They will use "Carnival of the Animals", by Saint-Saens, and "Peter and the Wolf", by Prokofiev, for comparisons.
Format: lesson plan (grade 2 Music Education)
By Rowena Licko.
Turpentine, pitch, rosin, and tar — OR — Can you buy a navy in a naval store?
In this lesson plan, students examine three primary sources related to naval stores and participate in a discussion designed to help them understand the significance of naval stores in colonial North Carolina.
Format: lesson plan (grade 8 Social Studies)
By Pauline S. Johnson.
How can we represent sounds that are in the environment?
In BioMusic, page 2.2
In this interdisciplinary lesson, students will listen to frog calls and identify the difference between high and low pitches. They will represent sounds using aural, graphic, and kinesthetic methods.
Format: lesson plan (grade 4–5 Dance Arts Education and Music Education)
By Debra Hall and Crystal Patillo.
Tar Heels pitch in
In North Carolina in the Civil War and Reconstruction, page 2.7
"Tar Heel," evidence indicates, was a derogatory nickname applied to North Carolina soldiers by others in the Army of Northern Virginia. It was a natural, given that the boys from the piney woods oftentimes were harvesters of tar, pitch, and turpentine. It...
Format: article
Longleaf pine savanna
In Wetlands of the coastal plains, page 3
We begin with the longleaf pine savanna. We start with this habitat not only because longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) is the official state tree, but also because these habitats are simply beautiful to behold. These communities evolved...
By Dirk Frankenberg.
Sound properties and careers in music
In CareerStart lessons: Grade six, page 3.8
This lesson for grade six uses a hands-on lab to help students understand key concepts in the properties of sound, and how they can be applied to careers in music.
Format: lesson plan (grade 6 Music Education and Science)
By April Galloway and Christine Scott.Edited by Julie McCann.
Where is sound in our environment?
In BioMusic, page 2.1
In this lesson, you will take your students on a sound walk. Students will identify sounds using music terminology and distinguish if they are natural or man-made.
Format: lesson plan (grade 4–5 Visual Arts Education and Music Education)
By Debra Hall and Crystal Patillo.
How can we view and distinguish sounds?
In BioMusic, page 2.4
In this engaging lesson, students will listen to recordings of various animals sounds and compare them with their visual representations on sound spectrograms. They will explore topics such as pitch, frequency, timbre, and vibration through animal vocalization, human voice, and instrumental composition.
Format: lesson plan (grade 4–5 Music Education)
By Debra Hall and Crystal Patillo.
Naval stores and the longleaf pine
In Colonial North Carolina, page 6.4
In North Carolina History: A Sampler, page 2.4
North Carolina's extensive longleaf pine forests provided the natural resources needed to produce materials needed to build and maintain ships -- not only timber but tar, pitch, and rosin. These "naval stores" became North Carolina's most important industry in the eighteenth century, but today, the longleaf pine forests are nearly gone.
Format: article
By David Walbert.
How does an animal's environment affect the frequency of its sound?
In BioMusic, page 2.6
In this lesson, students will explore the relationship between frequency and pitch. In addition to conducting a simple experiment, they will also examine bat and elephant sound spectrograms. Students will learn how both animals and humans use their environments to create sound for communication.
Format: lesson plan (grade 5–6 Music Education and Science)
By Debra Hall and Crystal Patillo.
Video showing construction of a pitchfork or hayfork and describing its use in early farming.
Format: video/video